Attributions

We gratefully acknowledge the many organizations, institutions, and individuals who have collected and/or provided data products to help support the development of the Allen Coral Atlas. The analysis and interpretations presented are solely those of the Atlas mapping team. We regret any errors or omissions; please send corrections to: corrections@allencoralatlas.org.

Mapped AreaInstitutionContributorReference
American SamoaBangor UniversityAdel Heenan

Heenan, A., Williams, I., Acoba, T. et al. Long-term monitoring of coral reef fish assemblages in the Western central pacific. Sci Data 4, 170176 (2017) doi:10.1038/sdata.2017.176.

Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2019: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Reef Fish, including Benthic Estimate Data of the Hawaiian Archipelago since 2013 from 2010-06-15 to 2010-08-15. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/24447.

These data were collected as part of the NOAA Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program, supported by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program

American SamoaNOAA PIFSCNOAA PIFSC

NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Ecosystem Sciences Division (2018). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Towed-diver surveys of benthic habitats, key benthic species, and marine debris of American Samoa. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.7289/v59g5k30. August 26 2019.

American SamoaUniversity of GuamPeter Houk

Comeros-Raynal, M.T., Lawrence, A., Sudek, M. et al. Coral Reefs (2019) 38: 505. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-019-01806-8

American Samoa, FIji, New Caledonia, TongaReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Andaman and Nicobar IslandsMinistry of Environment and Forests IndiaPaulose et al.

Paulose, N. E., Dilipan, E., & Thangaradjou, T. (2013). Integrating Indian remote sensing multi-spectral satellite and field data to estimate seagrass cover change in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Ocean Science Journal, 48(2), 173-181. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12601-013-0014-1

Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPondicherry UniversitySavuri Rajan

Savurirajan, M., Equbal, J., Lakra, R. K., Satyam, K., & Thiruchitrambalam, G. (2018). Species diversity and distribution of seagrasses from the South Andaman, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Botanica Marina, 61(3), 225-234. 

Andaman IslandsZoological Survey of IndiaTurner et al.

Turner, J., Vousden, D., Klausi, R., Satyanarayana, C. H., Fenner, D., Venkataraman, K., Rajan, P. T., & Ra, N. V. (2009). Coral Reef Ecosystems of Andaman Islands Remote Sensing and Rapid Site Assessment Survey. 

Andaman IslandsIndian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS)Mahendra et al.

Mahendra, R., Mohanty, P., Bisoyi, H., & Srinivasa, K. (2014). Geospatial assessment of coral and mangrove environs of the Andaman Islands. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 7(1), 275-279.

Andaman IslandsBirbal Sahni Institute of PalaeobotanySuman Sarkar, Samir Sarkar

Sarkar, S. & Sarkar, S. (2016). Diversity of corals and benthic algae across the shallow-water reefs of Andaman Islands: managing the valuable ecosystems. Environment, development and sustainability, 18(6), 1801-1814. 

Andaman Islands and ThailandMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD/UR 128, Centre de Nouméa).Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

Andaman SeaCAMPA-Dugong Project of Wildlife Institute of IndiaSwapnali Gole, Sohini Dudhat, K. Sivakumar, Anant Pande

Gole Swapnali, Dudhat Sohini, Pande Anant & Sivakumar Kuppusamy (2020) seagrass meadow locations dataset for Dugong Recovery Program, CAMPA-Dugong Project, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, India.

Arnavon Islands, Papua New GuineaThe Nature ConservancySimon Vuto, Peter Waldie

Arnavon Islands Rapid Ecological Assessment 2019; The Nature Conservancy

Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Turks and CaicosReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection.

Bangladesh and Sri LankaReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

BelizeASU Center for Global Discovery and Conservation Science; UQ Remote Sensing Research CentreGreg Asner; Chris Roelfsema, Stuart Phinn

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

Bismarck Sea, Papua New GuineaThe Nature ConservancyTurak et al.

Turak, E., DeVantier, L. & Veron, J.E.N. (2009). Coral Communities and Reef Health. In: Hamilton, R., Green, A. & Almany, J. (eds.) 2009. Rapid Ecological Assessment: Northern Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea. Technical report of survey conducted August 13 to September 7, 2006. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/09.

Bonaparte Coast and Gulf of Carpentaria Reef Life SurveysGraham Edgar

Edgar, G. J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020]. Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

CNMIDCRMDave Benavente, Denise Perez

CNMI Long-term Marine Monitoring Program from 2015-2019. (2019) Division of Coastal Resources Management. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Bureau of Environmental and Coastal Quality. [12 December 2019].

CNMIDCRMDenise Perez

Perez, D. I. (2019). Mapping Coral Reef Primary Production and Calcification from a Light-Use-Efficiency Model with In-Situ and Remotely Sensed Data. PhD Dissertation, The University of Queensland.

CNMINOAADave Benavente

Johnston, Lyza; Okano, Ryan; Benavente, David; Johnson, Steven; Camacho, Rodney; Houk, Peter; Castro, Frances (2015). Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) long-term coral reef monitoring from 2011-10-01 to 2014-09-30 (NCEI Accession 0129268). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0129268. November 7 2019.

CNMI, Micronesia, PalauReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

ComorosCORDIO East AfricaMelita Samoilys

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

ComorosPortland State UniversitySarah Freed

Sarah Freed & Elise F. Granek (2014) Effects of Human Activities on the World's Most Vulnerable Coral Reefs: Comoros Case Study, Coastal Management, 42:3, 280-296, DOI: 10.1080/08920753.2014.904261

ComorosAIDE ComorosMmadi Ahamada, Nassur Ahamada Mdroimana, Rachad Mourid, Zamil Mannfou, Jaffar Mouhidine, Adfaon Mchinda, Mouchtadi Madi Bounou

Mishal Gudka, David Obura, Jelvas Mwaura, Sean Porter, Saleh Yahya and Randall Mabwa (2018). Comoros chapter in Impact of the 3rd Global Coral Bleaching Event on the Western Indian Ocean in 2016. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRMN)/Indian Ocean Commission. pp. 67 doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.32306.71365

ComorosCORDIO East AfricaDavid Obura

Osuka, K., Kochzius, M., Vanreusel, A., Obura, D. and Samoilys, M., 2016. Linkage between fish functional groups and coral reef benthic habitat composition in the Western Indian Ocean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 98(2), pp.387-400.

ComorosCORDIOMishal Gudka, David Obura, Benjamin Cowburn, Juliet Furaha and Peter Musembi

Cowburn, Benjamin & Samoilys, Melita & Obura, David. (2018). The current status of coral reefs and their vulnerability to climate change and multiple human stresses in the Comoros Archipelago, Western Indian Ocean. Marine pollution bulletin. 133. 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.04.065.

Coral TriangleFaculty of Biological Sciences, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UKMaria Beger

Vercammen, A., McGowan, J., Knight, A. T., Pardede, S., Muttaqin, E., Harris, J., Ahmadia, G., Estradivari, Dallison, T., Selig, E., & Beger, M. (2019). Evaluating the impact of accounting for coral cover in large-scale marine conservation prioritizations. Diversity and Distributions, 25(10), 1564-1574. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12957

CubaWildlife Conservation Society Cuba Program; Fundacion Antonio Núñez Jiménez de la Naturaleza y el Hombre; Empresa Nacional para la Proteccion de la Flora y la FaunaReynaldo Estrada, Natalia Rossi, Mirza Pérez Posada

These data were collected as part of the Allen Coral Atlas's partnership with the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

Darwin, Western AustraliaGeo OceansGeo Oceans

Geo Oceans (2011). Technical Appendix S6 Ichthys Gas Field Development Project: Benthic Habitat Mapping of the Darwin Region - Methods of data collection, collation and map production, INPEX Document No. C036-AH-REP-0121, geo oceans innovation in marine science

East Rennell, Solomon IslandsThe University of Queensland, Brisbane, AustraliaAlbert et al.

Albert, S., Ramohia, P., Olds A., Leve, T. & Kvennefor, C. (2013). Survey of the condition of the marine ecosystem within the East Rennell World Heritage Area, Solomon Islands

Eastern PNG and SolomonsReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Eastern PNG and SolomonsReef Life SurveysGraham Edgar

Edgar, G. J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

FijiUSP; WWF-FijiMoses Mataika, George Naboutuiloma, Janice Taga

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

FijiWCSEmily Darling, Yashika Nand, Sangeeta Mangubhai

These data were collected as part of the Allen Coral Atlas's partnership with the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies Vibrant Oceans partnership, Blue Action Fund, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

FloridaFlorida Fish & Wildlife Conservation CommissionFlorida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission

Florida Fish and Wildlife Research Institute (FWRI). 2014. Unified Florida Coral Reef Tract Map v2. GIS Metadata. Online linkage: http://ocean.floridamarine.org/IntegratedReefMap/UnifiedReefTract.htm.

FloridaNOAANOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission; National Park Service; University of Miami; Nova Southeastern University (2016). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Assessment of coral communities in the Florida Reef Tract from 2014-05-01 to 2014-10-01 (NCEI Accession 0156879). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0156879. Accessed 28 January 2020.

NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS); Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC); University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science (UM-RSMAS); Nova Southeastern University (NSU); Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC); Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP); National Park Service (NPS); Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS); Broward and Miami-Dade counties (2018). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Assessment of coral communities in the Florida Keys Reef Tract from 2016-05-01 to 2016-12-15 (NCEI Accession 0169401). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset.
https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0169401. Accessed 28 January 2020.

NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science; NOAA Southeast Fisheries Science Center (2020). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Assessment of coral communities in the Florida Reef Tract from 2018-06-05 to 2018-12-17 (NCEI Accession 0208322). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset.
https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0208322. Accessed 28 January 2020.

Goa, IndiaTechnology for WildlifeShashank Srinivasan

Technology for Wildlife. Coral reef video transects of St. George's Island off the coast of Goa, India

Grande Island, GoaCSIR-National Institute of OceanographyAfreen Hussain

Hussain, A., Thomas, L., Nagesh, R., Mote, S., Patil, A., Pujari, L., De, K. & Ingole, B. (2016). Coral reef at risk: anthropogenic stressors in Grande Island, Goa. In:. Paper presented at the Development in Coastal Zones of India - Present Status and Future Need. At CSIR National, Institute of Oceanography, Mumbai.

Gulf of Carpentaria Reef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection.

Gulf of KachchhSpace Applications Centre, Indian Space Research OrganisationGujrati et al.

Arora, M., Gujrati, A., Chaudhury, N. R., & Patel, R. C. (2018). Benthic coverage and bottom topography of coral reef environment over Pirotan reef, Gulf of Kachchh region, India. Geocarto International, 34(10), 1089-1097. https://doi.org/10.1080/10106049.2018.1469678

Gulf of KachchhZoological Survey of IndiaKumar et al.

Kumar, J. S. Y., Marimuthu, N., Geetha, S., Satyanarayana, C., Venkataraman, K., & Kamboj, R. D. (2014). Longitudinal variations of coral reef features in the Marine National Park, Gulf of Kachchh. 18(3), 167-175. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-014-0303-6

Gulf of Kachchh, Gulf of Mannar and Pirotan IslandSpace Applications Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad, IndiaBahuguna et al.

Bahuguna, A., Ray Chaudhury, N., Bhattji, S., Ajai, & Navalgund, R. (2013). Spatial inventory and ecological status of coral reefs of the Central Indian Ocean using Resourcesat-1. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences, 42, 684-696.

Gulf of MannarUva Wellassa University, Badulla, Sri LankaNaveenan et al.

Naveenan, M., Weragodatenna, D., Gunaratne, A., Rathnayake, R., & Jayamanne, S. (2015). Remote Sensing and GIS approach in assessment and conservation of Seaigrass Beds in the coastal stretch along Gulf of Mannar.

Gulf of MannarCentre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Annamalai UniversityThangaradjou et al.

Thangaradjou, T., Sridhar, R., Senthilkumar, S., & Kannan, S. (2008). Seagrass resource assessment in the Mandapam coast of the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 6(1), 139-146.

Gulf of MannarSuganthi Devadasan Marine Research Institute (SDMRI)Edward Patterson

SDMRI. (2015). Coral reef monitoring in the Gulf of Mannar.

Gulf of MannarSuganthi Devadasan Marine Research Institute (SDMRI)Edward Patterson

SDMRI. (2017). Coral reef monitoring in Palk Bay.

HawaiiASU Center for Global Discovery and Conservation ScienceGreg Asner

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

Hawaiian IslandsState of HawaiiHawaii Statewide GIS Program

Coral Reef (Nautical Charts).  Copyright: NOAA Raster Nautical Charts, 2002; Hawaii Statewide GIS Program. Accessed 2019 from https://geoportal.hawaii.gov/datasets/coral-reefs

Hawaiian IslandsPIBHMCPacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) (2015) Maps of percent scleractinian coral cover and sand along camera tows and ROV tracks of West Maui and West Hawaii  

Hawaiian IslandsUniversity of HawaiiChelsie Counsell, Mary Donovan, Alan Friedlander

Donovan et al. (2019) Coral reef fish and benthic surveys in Hawai‘i synthesized from multiple organizations over twenty years. Scientific Data (in prep).

Hawaiian IslandsNOAABryan Costa, Matt Kendall

Costa, B. and M. Kendall. 2016. Marine Biogeographic Assessment of the Main Hawaiian Islands: Synthesized physical and biological data offshore of the Main Hawaiian Islands from 1891-01-01 to 2015-03-01 (NCEI Accession 0155189). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://doi:10.7289/V56H4FG9

Hawaiian IslandsUSGSAnn Gibbs, Susan Cochran, Joshua Logan, Eric Grossman

Gibbs, A.E., Cochran, S.A., Logan, J.B, and Grossman, E.E., 2007, Benthic habitats and offshore geological resources of Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical park, Hawai`i (ver. 1.1, May 2016): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5256, 62 p.

Hawaiian IslandsUSGSJames Guest, Peter Edmunds, Ruth Gates

Guest, J.R., Edmunds, P.J., Gates, R.D., Kuffner, I.B., Andersson, A.J., Barnes, B.B., Chollett, I., Elahi, R., Courtney, T.A., Gross, K., Lenz, E.A., Mitarai, S., Mumby, P.J., Nelson, H.R., Parker, B.A., Putnam, H.M., and Toth, L.T., 2018, A framework for identifying and characterising coral-reef “oases” against a backdrop of degradation: Journal of Applied Ecology, https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13179.

Heron ReefUQ Remote Sensing Research CentreChris Roelfsema, Stuart Phinn

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

IndiaGujarat Institute of Desert EcologyPrusty et al.

Prusty, B. A. K., Chandra, R., & Azeez, P. (2017). Wetland science: perspectives from south Asia: Springer.

IndiaSpatial Informatics, International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT)Teja Kondraju et al.

Teja Kondraju, T., Mandla, V. R. B., Mahendra, R., & Kumar, T. S. (2014). Evaluation of various image classification techniques on Landsat to identify coral reefs. Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk, 5(2), 173-184. https://doi.org/10.1080/19475705.2013.802748

India Department of Ocean Studies and Marine Biology, Pondicherry UniversityDharanirajan et al.

Dharanirajan, K., Thanikachalam, M., Gurugnanam, B., Narayanam, R., & Falia, G. C. (2010). Remote Sensing and GIS for the study of coastal ecosystem changes and its conservation. International Journal Earth Science and Engineering, 3, 512-524.

JamaicaDuwatechBernadette Charpentier, Frederic Charpentier

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

JamaicaAGRRAJudith Lang, Patricia Kramer, Lynnette Roth

Judith Lang, Patricia Kramer, Lynnette Roth shared the Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment (AGRRA) International Collaboration (https://www.agrra.org) and Ocean Research and Education Foundation database for the Caribbean region.

Jamaica, BahamasTNCSteve Schill, Joseph Pollock

These data were contributed by The Nature Conservancy’s Caribbean Division and included GPS-referenced drop cam videos and previously mapped areas using high resolution satellite imagery.

https://caribbeanscienceatlas.tnc.org/

Kar Kar Island, Papua New GuineaNational University of Singapore and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaAndrew G. Bauman, Joshua E. Cinner

Bauman, A.G. & Cinner, J.E. Benthic transect data  Ahus Is. and Kar Kar Is., Papua New Guinea.

KarimunjawaUniversity of Gajah Mada
KarimunjawaUQ Remote Sensing Research CentreChris Roelfsema, Stuart Phinn

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

KenyaWWF-Kenya, CORDIO and Kenya Wildlife ServiceHassan Mohammad, Swaleh Ali Aboud, Said Mwangira

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

KenyaAROCHA Kenya and CORDIOErick Thuranira, Simon Kenga, Swaleh Ali Aboud, Randall Mabwa

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

KenyaCORDIO and Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS)Swaleh Ali Aboud, Mohammed Mwachanze, Abdallah Godana, Randall Mabwa

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

KenyaMarine Education CenterJenni Choma, Fatma Hassan, Kahaso Ngowa, Derrick Omollo, Winnie Njeri

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

KenyaWCS-KenyaRemy Oddenyo, Tim McClanahan

These data were collected as part of the Allen Coral Atlas's partnership with the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies Vibrant Oceans partnership, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa, TanzaniaReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Kimbe Bay, Papua New GuineaSchool of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, James Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaJones et al.

Jones, G. P., McCormick, M. I., Srinivasan, M., & Eagle, J. V. (2004). Coral decline threatens fish biodiversity in marine reserves. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101(21), 8251-8253. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0401277101

Kimbe Bay, Papua New GuineaThe Nature ConservancyTurak et al.

Turak, E. & Aitsi, J. (Eds.) 2002. Assessment of coral biodiversity and status of coral reefs of East Kimbe Bay, New Britain, PNG 2002. Report to The Nature Conservancy as part of the Eastern Kimbe Bay Rapid Ecological Assessment, December 2002.

Kimbe Bay, Paupa New GuineaJames Cook University and ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies, Townsville, AustraliaGeoff Jones, Maya Srinivasan, Janelle Eagle, Stephen Neale, Mary Bonin

2019 Coral Data collected in Kimbe Bay Papua New Guinea

Kimberley, Western AustraliaWestern Australian Marine Science Institution (WAMSI)Andrew Heyward, Karen Miller, Jane Fromont, John Keesing, Iain Parnum

Heyward, A., Miller, K., Fromont, J., Keesing, J. & Parnum, I. (Eds.) (2018). Kimberley Benthic Biodiversity SynthesisReport of Project 1.1.1 prepared for the Kimberley Marine Research Program, Western Australian Marine Science Institution, Perth, Western Australia, 57pp.

Kimberley, Western AustraliaNorthern Development Taskforce (NDT)Gary Fry, Andrew Heyward, Ian McLeod

Fry, G., Heyward, A. & McLeod, I. (2008). Benthic habitat surveys of potential LNG hub locations in the Kimberley region: Node 1 Project 1.3. Preliminary Report.

Kimberley, Western AustraliaWestern Australian Marine Science Institution (WAMSI)Lindsay B Collins, Alexandra Stevens, Mick O’Leary, Giada Bufarale, Moataz Kordi, Tubagus Solihuddin

Collins, L. B., Stevens, A., O’Leary, M., Bufarale G., Kordi, M. & Solihuddin, T. (2015). Final Report of Project 1.3.1 of the Kimberley Marine Research Program Node of the Western Australian Marine Science Institution, WAMSI, Perth, Western Australia, 246pp.  Data sourced from Western Australian Marine Science Institution (WAMSI) project funded by Western Australian State Government and research partners and carried out by Collins et al from Curtin University Australia

Kimberley, Western AustraliaDepartment of Biodiversity Conservation and Attractions, Western Australia.Thomas Holmes, Claire Ross, Richard Evans, Molly Moustaka, William Robbins, Ellen D’Cruz

Holmes, T., Ross, C., Evans, R., Moustaka, M., Robbins, W. & D'Cruz, E. Contribution of unpublished data 2020: Ecological monitoring in the Kimberley marine reserves, Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Perth.

Kimberley, Western AustraliaWestern Australian MuseumZoe Richards, Monika Bryce, Clay Bryce

Richards, Z., Bryce, M., & Bryce, C. (2018). The composition and structure of shallow benthic reef communities in the Kimberley, north-west Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement, 85(1). https://doi.org/10.18195/issn.0313-122x.85.2018.075-103



Kimberley, Western AustraliaDepartment of Environment and Conservation, Northern Development TaskforceMarine Ecosystems Branch

Department of Environment and Conservation (2008). Preliminary reconnaissance survey of benthic habitats in the Anjo Peninsula area, Kimberley Bioregion, Western Australia. Report to the Northern Development Taskforce, Department of Industry and Resources. Department of Environment and Conservation, Perth, WA, October 2008

Lampi Island, Marine National Park, MyanmarCNR-IREA, Optical Remote Sensing GroupClaudia Giardino

Giardino, C., Bresciani, M., Fava, F., Matta, E., Brando, V. E., & Colombo, R. (2016). Mapping submerged habitats and mangroves of Lampi Island Marine National Park (Myanmar) from in situ and satellite observations. Remote Sensing, 8(1), 2. 

Lihir Island, Papua New GuineaCSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, AustraliaMichael DE Haywood

Haywood, M.D.E., Dennis, D., Thomson, D.P., & Pillans, R.D. (2016). Mine waste disposal leads to lower coral cover, reduced species richness and a predominance of simple coral growth forms on a fringing coral reef in Papua New Guinea. Marine Environmental Research, 115, 36-48

MadagascarWCS-MadagascarArielle Hoamby, Toky Voajanahary and Ravaka Ranaivoson

These data were collected as part of the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies Vibrant Oceans partnership, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

MadagascarWCS-MadagascarLovy Rasolofomanana

© Wildlife Conservation Society. All rights reserved.

Marshall IslandsNOAAMatt Kendall

Kendall, M.S., T.A. Battista, and C. Menza. 2012. Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands Coral Reef Ecosystems Mapping Report. NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Center for Coastal Monitoring, Biogeography Branch. Silver Spring, Maryland. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 144. 19 Pages.

Mauritius, SeychellesReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection.

MayotteCORDIODavid Obura

Obura DO, Bigot L, Benzoni F. 2018. Coral responses to a repeat bleaching event in Mayotte in 2010. PeerJ 6:e5305 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5305

MayotteParc naturel marin de MayotteJeanne Wagner

Data collected as part of the Coral reef observatory from Mayotte and provided by Naomi Scholten (PNMM). We are grateful to the research office CREOCEAN who led the field work and the analysis.

MicronesiaUniversity of GuamPeter Houk

Houk P, Camacho R, Johnson S, McLean M, Maxin S, Anson J, et al. (2015) The Micronesia Challenge: Assessing the Relative Contribution of Stressors on Coral Reefs to Facilitate Science-toManagement Feedback. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0130823. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.

The Allen Coral Atlas makes use of data products provided by the Micronesia Coral Reef Monitoring Program, the University of Guam Marine Laboratory, Yap Marine Resources, Yap Community Action Program, Chuuk Marine Resources, Chuuk Conservation Society, Pohnpei State Fisheries, Conservation Society of Pohnpei, Kosrae Conservation and Safety Organization, Kosrae Islands Resources Management Agency, Marshall Islands Marine Resources Authority, the Marshall Islands Conservation Society, and the College of the Marshall Islands.

Milne Bay Province, Papua New GuineaConservation InternationalAllen et al.

Allen, G., Kinch, J., McKenna, S., & Seeto, P. (2003). A Rapid Marine Biodiversity Assessment of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea: Survey II (2000).  RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 29. Conservation International, Washington, DC, USA.

MooreaCRIOBESerge Planes

Service d'Observation CORAIL from CRIOBE kindly provided the data. We are grateful to Serge Planes (CRIOBE - SO CORAIL), Antoine Collin (LETG), and all technicians (Yannick Chancerelle, Gilles Siu, Benoit Espiau, Franck Lerouvreur and Vetea Liao) from the CRIOBE field station who contributed in performing Moorea's reefs mapping.

MooreaGUMP UCSBPeter Edmunds, Andrew J. Brooks

Funding for Moorea Coral Reef (MCR) data and other materials was provided by the U.S. National Science Foundation under Grant No. OCE 16-37396 (and earlier awards) as well as a generous gift from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Research was completed under permits issued by the French Polynesian Government (Délégation à la Recherche) and the Haut-commissariat de la République en Polynésie Francaise (DTRT) (Protocole d'Accueil 2005-2018).

MooreaUQ Remote Sensing Research CentreChris Roelfsema, Stuart Phinn

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

MozambiqueCentro de Investigação e conservação AmbientalJoao Macuio, Celina Lupaka, Antumane Arabe, Isabel Marques da Silva, Erwan Sola, Celina Lupaka

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

MyanmarFlora and Fauna InternationalU Soe Htun

Soe-Htun, U., Maung, A., Mon, S., Ha, S. T., Aung, S. T., Lwin, A. M. & Lunn, Z. (2015). Seagrass conservation and monitoring in Myanmar: the biodiversity, distribution and coverage of seagrasses in the Tanintharyi and Rakhine.

MyanmarFlora and Fauna International (supported by Woodside Myanmar)Sue Murray-Jones

Murray-Jones, S. (Ed.). 2020. Marine and coastal biodiversity of the Mawtin Coast: Survey results and conservation recommendations. Capacity Building for Coastal Biodiversity Monitoring, Mawtin Coast Partnership, Myanmar. Pp 137. MCAP Report No 10, FFI, Yangon. ISBN: 9 789997 109231

MyanmarWildlife Conservation SocietyMeira Mizrahi, Hedley Grantham

Phototransects collected in 2019 around Myanmar.  Wildlife Conservation Society

MyanmarFlora and Fauna International, Department of Fisheries (MOALI)U Zau Lunn

Howard, R. (Ed.) (2018). Marine Biodiversity of Myeik Archipelago: Survey Results 2013-2017 and Conservation Recommendations. Tanintharyi Conservation Programme, a joint initiative of Fauna & Flora International, the Myanmar Forest Department and Department of Fisheries. (Unpublished Data)

MyanmarFlora and Fauna InternationalU Soe-Htun

Soe-Htun, U., Maung, A., Mon, S., Ha, S. T., Aung, S. T., Lwin, A. M., & Lunn, Z. (2015). Seagrass conservation and monitoring in Myanmar: the biodiversity, distribution and coverage of seagrasses in the Tanintharyi and Rakhine. 

Nicobar IslandWildlife Conservation Society, IndiaVardhan Patankar

Patankar, V., Wagh, T., & Marathe, A. (2019). Protected areas and benthic characteristics influence the distribution of the Vulnerable bumphead parrotfish Bolbometopon muricatum in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Oryx, 54(4), 564-571. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0030605318000376


North Andaman, IndiaNational Institute of Ocean Technology (Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India)Jha et al.

Jha, D. K., Vinithkumar, N., Marimuthu, N., Baskar, B., Sahu, B. K., Das, A. K., & Kirubagaran, R. (2013). Field and GIS based post-tsunami assessment of Scleractinian coral cover in the Aerial Bay group of Islands, North Andaman, India. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 17(3), 671-677

North Bay, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar IslandsZoological Survey of IndiaDharani et al.

Dharani, G., Nazar, A. A., Saravanane, N., Vinithkumar, N.V., Santhanakumar, J., Ratnam, K., Jha, D. K., Peter, D. M., Venkateshwaran, P., Kumar, T. S. & Kirubagaran, R. (2012). On the recurrence of coral bleaching and recovery in North Bay, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. In Ecology of Faunal Communities on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (pp. 71-84). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

North Reef Island, AndamanEnvironment & Hydrology Division, Space Applications Centre, Indian Space Research Organisation, IndiaChaudhury et al.

Chaudhury, N. R. (2017). Habitat Level Mapping of Coral Reefs at Different Scales: Case Study on Andaman and Nicobar Islands. In B. K. A. Prusty, R. Chandra, & P. A. Azeez (Eds.), Wetland Science Perspectives From South Asia (pp. 449-461). Springer Nature.


Northern Bismarck Sea, Papua New GuineaThe Nature ConservancyAlison Green

Hamilton, R., Green, A. & Almany, J. (eds.) 2009. Rapid Ecological Assessment: Northern Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea. Technical report of survey conducted August 13 to September 7, 2006. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/09.

Owi Island, Biak, PapuaDepartment of Marine Science and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, IndonesiaDominggus Samuel HLM Koreri Awak

Awak, D. S. H. L. M. K., Gaol, J. L., Subhan, B., Madduppa, H. H., & Arafat, D. (2016). Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Using Remote Sensing Data: Case Study in Owi Island, Biak, Papua. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 33, 600-606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2016.03.113

PalauNational Geographic, Pristine SeasAlan Friedlander

Friedlander, Alan M. et al. (2018), Data from: Size, age, and habitat determine effectiveness of Palau's Marine Protected Areas, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tp3j5.

PalauNOAATim Battista, John Christensen

Battista, T.A., Costa, B.M., and S.M. Anderson, S.M. 2007. Shallow-Water Benthic Habitats of the Republic of Palau. NOAA Technical Memorandum. NOS NCCOS 59, Biogeography Branch. Silver Spring, MD.

Palk BayZoological Survey of IndiaVenkataraman et al.

Venkataraman, K., & Rajan, R. (2013). Status of coral reefs in Palk Bay. Records of Zoological Survey of India (113), 1–11.

Palk BayCSIR-National Institute of OceanographyBalakrishnan Manikandan

Manikandan, B., Ravindran, J., Vidya, P. J., Shrinivasu, S., Manimurali, R., & Paramasivam, K. (2017). Resilience potential of an Indian Ocean reef: an assessment through coral recruitment pattern and survivability of juvenile corals to recurrent stress events. Environmental Science and Pollution Research (international), 24(15), 13614-13625. doi:10.1007/s11356-017-8772-4

Palk BayCSIR-National Institute of OceanographyBalakrishnan Manikandan

Manikandan, B., Ravindran, J., Shrinivaasu, S., Marimuthu, N., & Paramasivam, K. (2014). Community structure and coral status across reef fishing intensity gradients in Palk Bay reef, southeast coast of India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 186(10), 5989-6002. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-3835-1

Palk Bay, Gulff of Mannar, Gulf of Kachchh and Chilika lakeNational Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM), Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of IndiaGeevarghese et al.

Geevarghese, G. A., Akhil, B., Magesh, G., Krishnan, P., Purvaja, R., & Ramesh, R. (2018). A comprehensive geospatial assessment of seagrass distribution in India. Ocean & Coastal Management, 159, 16-25.

Palk Strait, Sri LankaMonitoring and Evaluation Division, National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency, Crow Island, Sri LankaWeragodatenna et al.

Weragodatenna, D. D., & Gunarathne, A. K. (2016). Detection of aquatic habitats by Geo-Eye satellite images at the Palk Strait, Sri Lanka. Asian Journal of Geoinformatics, 15.

Papua New GuineaThe Nature ConservancyPeter Waldie, Elliot Tovaboda, Manuai Matawai

Papua New Guinea Seacucumber Survey, benthic transect data 2017-2019; The Nature Conservancy

Pirotan IslandGraduate School of Engineering and Science, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, JapanSharma et al.

Sharma, S., Bahuguna, A., Chaudhary, N., Nayak, S., Chavan, S., & Pandey, C. (2008). Status and monitoring the health of coral reef using Multi-temporal remote sensing - A case study of Pirotan Coral Reef Island, Marine National Park, Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, India.

Pongi Balu coast - South Andaman IslandsNational Institute of Ocean Technology (Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India)Jha et al.

Jha, D. K., Vinithkumar, N., Santhnakumar, J., Nazar, A. A., & Kirubagaran, R. (2011). Assessment of post tsunami coral reef resource in Pongi Balu coast, south Andaman Islands. Current Science, 530-534. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24073090

Reunion IslandIFREMERTouria Bajjouk

Bajjouk T, Mouquet P, Ropert M, Quod J-P, Hoarau L, Bigot L, Le Dantec N, Delacourt C, & Populus J. (2019). Detection of changes in shallow coral reef status: towards a spatial approach using hyperspectral and multispectral data. Ecological Indicators 96(1): 174 – 191.

SaipanNOAAMatt Kendall, Bryan Costa

Kendall, M., B. Costa, S. McKagan, and L. Johnston. 2017. Benthic habitat maps of Saipan Lagoon, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (NCEI Accession 0162517). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5NV9GB9.

SamoaJustus-Liebig-Universität GießenMaren Ziegler

Ziegler M, Quéré G, Ghiglione J-F, Iwankow G, Barbe V, Boissin E, Wincker P, Planes S, and Voolstra CR (2018) Status of coral reefs of Upolu (Independent State of Samoa) in the South West Pacific and recommendations to promote resilience and recovery of coastal ecosystems. Marine Pollution Bulletin 129:392-398.

SeychellesIsland Conservation Society (ICS)Mr Norman Weber - Chief Executive Officer

Data was produced by the Climate Science & Data Management Section within the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change in Seychelles under the GoS-UNDP-GEF project titled ‘Expansion and Strengthening of the Protected Area Subsystem of the Outer Islands of Seychelles and its Integration into the broader land and seascape (2014-2020)’. Data ownership lies with the Island Conservation Society.

SeychellesGreen Island FoundationMariliana Leotta

These data were collected in partnership with University of Seychelles and Blue Economy research Institute as part of the Long Term Marine Monitoring Program at Denis, Fregate and North Islands, Seychelles, supported by the The Seychelles Conservation and Climate Adaptation Trust (SeyCCAT) and generously funded by Denis Private Island, Fregate Island Private and North Island LTD.

SeychellesSustainable Oceans SeychellesLéo Barret, Gilberte Gendron and Nathalie Bodin

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

SeychellesNational Geographic, Pristine SeasAlan Friedlander

Friedlander AM, Ballesteros E, Beets J, Brown EK, Fay JM, Haupt P, Henning B, Rose P, Sala E. 2015. Biodiversity and ecosystem health of the Aldabra Group, southern Seychelles: Scientific report to the government of Seychelles. National Geographic Pristine Seas.

SeychellesLancaster UniversityNick Graham

Wilson, S.K., Robinson, J.P.W., Chong-Seng, K. et al. Coral Reefs (2019) 38: 625. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-019-01818-4.

Solomon IslandsThe Nature ConservancyTurak et al.

Turak, E. (2006). Coral Communities and Reef Health. In: Green, A., Lokani, P.,  Atu, W., Ramohia, P., Thomas, P. & Almany, J. (eds.). (2006). Solomon Islands Marine Assessment: Technical report of survey conducted May 13 to June 17, 2004. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/06.

Solomon IslandsThe Nature ConservancyHughes et al.

Hughes, A. (2006). Benthic Communities. In: Green, A., Lokani, P., Atu, W., Ramohia,   P., Thomas,  P. & Almany, J. (eds.). (2006). Solomon Islands Marine Assessment: Technical report of survey conducted May 13 to June 17, 2004. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/06.

Solomon IslandsCentre for Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research (TropWATER), James Cook University, Cairns, AustraliaLen McKenzie

Seagrass meadows of the Solomon Islands, derived from field surveys conducted 13 May and 16 June 2004. McKenzie, L.J., Campbell, S.J. & Lasi, F.

Solomon IslandsWildlife Conservation SocietyStacey Jupiter, Alec Hughes

Phototransects collected in 2019 around Morovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands.  Wildlife Conservation Society

Solomon IslandsUniversity of Queensland, Brisbane, AustraliaChris Roelfsema, Simon Albert, Stuart Phinn

Roelfsema, C., Simon, A. & Stuart, R. (2013): Habitat map of Roviana Reef, Solomon Islands derived from a high-spatial-resolution multi-spectral satellite image using object based image analysis. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.831039

South AndamanForest Survey of IndiaGeevarghes et al.

Geevarghes, G., Mishra, A., Saxena, A., & Kushwaha, S. (2006). Mapping Coral Reef Habitat of South Andaman: A Comparative Analysis of Different Multi Spectral Data Sets [Paper presentation]. ISPRS-TC-IV, International Symposium on Geospatsial Data bases for sustainable Development.

South Andaman IslandDepartment of Disaster Management, Pondicherry UniversityEswaran et al.

Eswaran, Y. (2014). Assessment of land use and land cover changes in south Andaman Island using remote sensing and GIS. International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, 5, 171-181. 

Sri LankaBlue Resources TrustSusantha Udagedara

Susantha Udagedara, 2020. Segrass Distribution in Sri Lanka and India. Blue Resources Trust

Sri LankaOcean Resources Conservation Association (ORCA)Prasanna Weerakkody

"Dugong and Sea grass Conservation Project"  Implemented by Ocean Resources Conservation Association (ORCA) -Funded by GEF/UNEP/ CMS/ Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund  Project title: Increasing knowledge on sea grass habitats and Dugong distribution at selected sites in North -Western Sri Lanka

Sri LankaBlue Resources TrustNishan Perera

BRT. Coral Reef Benthic data and habitat maps, Sri Lanka, India.

TanzaniaWCS-TanzaniaMichael Markovina

These data were collected as part of the Allen Coral Atlas's partnership with the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies Vibrant Oceans partnership, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

TanzaniaCORDIOMishal Gudka

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

Tarkarli (Maharastra State), Goa and Netrani (Karnataka State), West coast of IndiaCoastal ImpactVenkatesh Charloo - Founder Trustee

Underwater Biodiversity Surveys

ThailandDepartment of Biological Sciences National University of SingaporeLoh et al.

Loh, T., Chaipichit, S., Songploy, S., & Chou, L. (2004). The status of coral reefs of Surin Islands, Thailand, based on surveys in December 2004 [REST Technical Report](7). 

ThailandPhuket Marine Biological Center, Department of Marine and Coastal ResourcesAdulyanukosol et al.

Adulyanukosol, K., & Poovachiranon, S. (2006). Dugong (Dugong dugon) and seagrass in Thailand: present status and future challenges Proc. 3rd Int. Symp. SEASTAR and Asian Bio-logging Science.

ThailandReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

ThailandDepartment of Marine and Coastal ResourcesLalita Putchim

Coral distribution map of Thailand by the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources

Timor SeaSeaMap Australia: University of TasmaniaVanessa Lucieer, Peter Walsh, Emma Flukes, Claire Butler, Roger Proctor, Craig Johnson

Lucieer, V., Walsh, P., Flukes, E., Butler, C., Proctor, R. & Johnson, C. (2017). Seamap Australia - a national seafloor habitat classification scheme. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), University of Tasmania (UTAS).

TongaJames Cook UniversityPatrick Smallhorn-West

Smallhorn-West P. F., Malimali S., Halafihi T., Stone K., Ceccarelli D., Bridge T., Pressey R., Jones G. Kingdom of Tonga coral reef outlook report. Tonga. 2016-2020. James Cook University and the Australian Research Council Centre for Excellence in Coral Reef Studies.

VanuatuC2O PacificJohanna Johnson

Vanuatu data provided by C2O Pacific –Johanna Johnson, Eryn Hooper, Sarah Dwyer and David Welch – with surveys conducted under the SPC RESCCUE project funded by AFD and FFEM, and the PEBACC project funded by SPREP.