Attributions

We gratefully acknowledge the many organizations, institutions, and individuals who have collected and/or provided data products to help support the development of the Allen Coral Atlas. The analysis and interpretations presented are solely those of the Atlas mapping team. We regret any errors or omissions; please send corrections to: corrections@allencoralatlas.org.

Geographical AreaInstitutionContributorReference
American SamoaBangor UniversityAdel Heenan

Heenan, A., Williams, I., Acoba, T. et al. Long-term monitoring of coral reef fish assemblages in the Western central pacific. Sci Data 4, 170176 (2017) doi:10.1038/sdata.2017.176.

Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2019: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Reef Fish, including Benthic Estimate Data of the Hawaiian Archipelago since 2013 from 2010-06-15 to 2010-08-15. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/24447.

These data were collected as part of the NOAA Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program, supported by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program

American SamoaNOAA PIFSCNOAA PIFSC

NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Ecosystem Sciences Division (2018). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Towed-diver surveys of benthic habitats, key benthic species, and marine debris of American Samoa. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.7289/v59g5k30. August 26 2019.

American SamoaUniversity of GuamPeter Houk

Comeros-Raynal, M.T., Lawrence, A., Sudek, M. et al. Coral Reefs (2019) 38: 505. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-019-01806-8

American Samoa, FIji, New Caledonia, TongaReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Andaman and Nicobar IslandsZoological Survey of IndiaDr Tamal Mondal and Dr C. Raghunathan

These data were contributed by the Zoological Survey of India.

Andaman and Nicobar IslandsMinistry of Environment and Forests IndiaPaulose et al.

Paulose, N. E., Dilipan, E., & Thangaradjou, T. (2013). Integrating Indian remote sensing multi-spectral satellite and field data to estimate seagrass cover change in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Ocean Science Journal, 48(2), 173-181. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12601-013-0014-1

Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPondicherry UniversitySavuri Rajan

Savurirajan, M., Equbal, J., Lakra, R. K., Satyam, K., & Thiruchitrambalam, G. (2018). Species diversity and distribution of seagrasses from the South Andaman, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Botanica Marina, 61(3), 225-234. 

Andaman IslandsZoological Survey of IndiaTurner et al.

Turner, J., Vousden, D., Klausi, R., Satyanarayana, C. H., Fenner, D., Venkataraman, K., Rajan, P. T., & Ra, N. V. (2009). Coral Reef Ecosystems of Andaman Islands Remote Sensing and Rapid Site Assessment Survey. 

Andaman IslandsIndian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS)Mahendra et al.

Mahendra, R., Mohanty, P., Bisoyi, H., & Srinivasa, K. (2014). Geospatial assessment of coral and mangrove environs of the Andaman Islands. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 7(1), 275-279.

Andaman IslandsBirbal Sahni Institute of PalaeobotanySuman Sarkar, Samir Sarkar

Sarkar, S. & Sarkar, S. (2016). Diversity of corals and benthic algae across the shallow-water reefs of Andaman Islands: managing the valuable ecosystems. Environment, development and sustainability, 18(6), 1801-1814. 

Andaman Islands and ThailandMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD/UR 128, Centre de Nouméa).Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

Andaman SeaCAMPA-Dugong Project of Wildlife Institute of IndiaSwapnali Gole, Sohini Dudhat, K. Sivakumar, Anant Pande

Gole Swapnali, Dudhat Sohini, Pande Anant & Sivakumar Kuppusamy (2020) seagrass meadow locations dataset for Dugong Recovery Program, CAMPA-Dugong Project, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, India.

Arnavon Islands, Papua New GuineaThe Nature ConservancySimon Vuto, Peter Waldie

Arnavon Islands Rapid Ecological Assessment 2019; The Nature Conservancy

Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Turks and CaicosReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection.

Bali and Nusa PenidaConservation International IndonesiaMustika et al.

Mustika, P. L., Ratha, I. M. J. & Purwanto, S. (2012). The 2011 Bali Marine Rapid Assessment (Second English edition August 2012). RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 64. Bali Marine and Fisheries Affairs, South East Asia Center for Ocean Research and Monitoring, Warmadewa University, Conservation International Indonesia, Denpasar. 137 pp.

Bangladesh and Sri LankaReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

BelizeASU Center for Global Discovery and Conservation Science; UQ Remote Sensing Research CentreGreg Asner; Chris Roelfsema, Stuart Phinn

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

Bintan Island, Riau ProvinceCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Manuputty

Manuputty, A. E. W. (2014). Monitoring Kesehatan Terumbu Karang dan Kesehatan Ekosistem Terkait di Kabupaten Bintan. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Bismarck Sea, Papua New GuineaThe Nature ConservancyTurak et al.

Turak, E., DeVantier, L. & Veron, J.E.N. (2009). Coral Communities and Reef Health. In: Hamilton, R., Green, A. & Almany, J. (eds.) 2009. Rapid Ecological Assessment: Northern Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea. Technical report of survey conducted August 13 to September 7, 2006. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/09.

Bonaparte Coast and Gulf of Carpentaria Reef Life SurveysGraham Edgar

Edgar, G. J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020]. Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

Bontosua Island, Spermonde ArchipelagoDepartment of Marine Science, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Universitas Hasanuddin, IndonesiaThalib et al.

Thalib, M. S., Faizal, A., & La Nafie, Y. A. (2019). Remote Sensing Analysis of Seagrass Beds in Bontosua Island, Spermonde Archipelago. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 253. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/253/1/012047

Central-northern Halmahera, Morotai and North Maluku ProvinceConservation InternationalTurak and DeVantier

Turak, E., & DeVantier, L. (2008). Biodiversity and Conservation Priorities of Reef-building Corals in North Halmahera-Morotai. Final Report. Conservation International. Indonesia. 68p.

CNMIDCRMDave Benavente, Denise Perez

CNMI Long-term Marine Monitoring Program from 2015-2019. (2019) Division of Coastal Resources Management. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Bureau of Environmental and Coastal Quality. [12 December 2019].

CNMIDCRMDenise Perez

Perez, D. I. (2019). Mapping Coral Reef Primary Production and Calcification from a Light-Use-Efficiency Model with In-Situ and Remotely Sensed Data. PhD Dissertation, The University of Queensland.

CNMINOAADave Benavente

Johnston, Lyza; Okano, Ryan; Benavente, David; Johnson, Steven; Camacho, Rodney; Houk, Peter; Castro, Frances (2015). Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) long-term coral reef monitoring from 2011-10-01 to 2014-09-30 (NCEI Accession 0129268). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0129268. November 7 2019.

CNMI, Micronesia, PalauReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Cocos (Keeling) IslandsSchool of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, AustraliaSarah Hamylton

Hamylton, S. M., & Mallela, J. (2019). Reef development on a remote coral atoll before and after coral bleaching: A geospatial assessment. Marine Geology, 418, 106041. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2019.106041 

ComorosCORDIO East AfricaMelita Samoilys

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

ComorosPortland State UniversitySarah Freed

Sarah Freed & Elise F. Granek (2014) Effects of Human Activities on the World's Most Vulnerable Coral Reefs: Comoros Case Study, Coastal Management, 42:3, 280-296, DOI: 10.1080/08920753.2014.904261

ComorosAIDE ComorosMmadi Ahamada, Nassur Ahamada Mdroimana, Rachad Mourid, Zamil Mannfou, Jaffar Mouhidine, Adfaon Mchinda, Mouchtadi Madi Bounou

Mishal Gudka, David Obura, Jelvas Mwaura, Sean Porter, Saleh Yahya and Randall Mabwa (2018). Comoros chapter in Impact of the 3rd Global Coral Bleaching Event on the Western Indian Ocean in 2016. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRMN)/Indian Ocean Commission. pp. 67 doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.32306.71365

ComorosCORDIO East AfricaDavid Obura

Osuka, K., Kochzius, M., Vanreusel, A., Obura, D. and Samoilys, M., 2016. Linkage between fish functional groups and coral reef benthic habitat composition in the Western Indian Ocean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 98(2), pp.387-400.

ComorosCORDIOMishal Gudka, David Obura, Benjamin Cowburn, Juliet Furaha and Peter Musembi

Cowburn, Benjamin & Samoilys, Melita & Obura, David. (2018). The current status of coral reefs and their vulnerability to climate change and multiple human stresses in the Comoros Archipelago, Western Indian Ocean. Marine pollution bulletin. 133. 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.04.065.

Coral SeaMarine Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Fisheries, Ecologie et Modèles pour l’Halieutique (EMH) IFREMERDominique Pelletier

Pelletier, D., Selmaoui‐Folcher, N., Bockel, T., & Schohn, T. (2020). A regionally scalable habitat typology for assessing benthic habitats and fish communities: Application to New Caledonia reefs and lagoons. Ecology and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6405

Coral SeaMarine Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Fisheries, Ecologie et Modèles pour l’Halieutique (EMH) IFREMERDominique Pelletier

Pelletier, D., Selmaoui‐Folcher, N., Bockel, T., & Schohn, T. (2020). A regionally scalable habitat typology for assessing benthic habitats and fish communities: Application to New Caledonia reefs and lagoons. Ecology and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6405

Coral SeaReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Coral SeaReef Life SurveysGraham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014)

Coral SeaGlobal Change Institute, University of Queensland; XL Catlin Seaview SurveyEmma Kennedy, Manuel González-Rivero, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg

González-Rivero, Manuel, Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez, Oscar Beijbom, Peter Dalton, Emma V Kennedy, Benjamin P Neal, Julie Vercelloni, Pim Bongaerts, Anjani Ganase, Dominic E.P. Bryant, Kristen Brown, Catherine Kim, Veronika Z. Radice, Sebastian Lopez-Marcano, Sophie Dove, Christophe Bailhache, Hawthorne L Beyer, and Ove Hoegh-Guldberg. 2019. "Seaview Survey Photo-quadrat and Image Classification Dataset." The University of Queensland. https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:734799

Rodriguez-Ramirez, Alberto, Manuel González-Rivero, Oscar Beijbom, Christophe Bailhache, Pim Bongaerts, Kristen T. Brown, Dominic E. P. Bryant, Peter Dalton, Sophie Dove, Anjani Ganase, Emma V. Kennedy, Catherine J. S. Kim, Sebastian Lopez-Marcano, Benjamin P. Neal, Veronica Z. Radice, Julie Vercelloni, Hawthorne L. Beyer, and Ove Hoegh-Guldberg. 2020. 'A contemporary baseline record of the world’s coral reefs', Scientific Data, 7: 355.

Coral SeaARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaAndrew Hoey

Project: Coral Reef Health in the Coral Sea Marine Park

Coral SeaRemote Sensing Research Center, University of QueenslandChris Roelfsema, Emma Kennedy, Alexandra Ordonez-Alvarez, Paul Tudman

Ground truth data collected by the UQ mapping team for the Allen Coral Atlas

Coral TriangleFaculty of Biological Sciences, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UKMaria Beger

Vercammen, A., McGowan, J., Knight, A. T., Pardede, S., Muttaqin, E., Harris, J., Ahmadia, G., Estradivari, Dallison, T., Selig, E., & Beger, M. (2019). Evaluating the impact of accounting for coral cover in large-scale marine conservation prioritizations. Diversity and Distributions, 25(10), 1564-1574. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12957 

Coral TriangleFaculty of Biological Sciences, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UKMaria Beger

Vercammen, A., McGowan, J., Knight, A. T., Pardede, S., Muttaqin, E., Harris, J., Ahmadia, G., Estradivari, Dallison, T., Selig, E., & Beger, M. (2019). Evaluating the impact of accounting for coral cover in large-scale marine conservation prioritizations. Diversity and Distributions, 25(10), 1564-1574. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12957

CubaWildlife Conservation Society Cuba Program; Fundacion Antonio Núñez Jiménez de la Naturaleza y el Hombre; Empresa Nacional para la Proteccion de la Flora y la FaunaReynaldo Estrada, Natalia Rossi, Mirza Pérez Posada

These data were collected as part of the Allen Coral Atlas's partnership with the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

Darwin, Western AustraliaGeo OceansGeo Oceans

Geo Oceans (2011). Technical Appendix S6 Ichthys Gas Field Development Project: Benthic Habitat Mapping of the Darwin Region - Methods of data collection, collation and map production, INPEX Document No. C036-AH-REP-0121, geo oceans innovation in marine science

East Rennell, Solomon IslandsThe University of Queensland, Brisbane, AustraliaAlbert et al.

Albert, S., Ramohia, P., Olds A., Leve, T. & Kvennefor, C. (2013). Survey of the condition of the marine ecosystem within the East Rennell World Heritage Area, Solomon Islands

Eastern PNG and SolomonsReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Eastern PNG and SolomonsReef Life SurveysGraham Edgar

Edgar, G. J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

Ekas Bay, LombokAgency for Marine and Fisheries Research and Human Resources Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, IndonesiaSetyawidati et al.

Setyawidati, N. A. R., Puspita, M., Kaimuddin, A. H., Widowati, I., Deslandes, E., Bourgougnon, N., & Stiger-Pouvreau, V. (2018, Jun). Seasonal biomass and alginate stock assessment of three abundant genera of brown macroalgae using multispectral high resolution satellite remote sensing: A case study at Ekas Bay (Lombok, Indonesia). Mar Pollut Bull, 131(Pt B), 40-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.11.068

FijiUSP; WWF-FijiMoses Mataika, George Naboutuiloma, Janice Taga

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

FijiWCSEmily Darling, Yashika Nand, Sangeeta Mangubhai

These data were collected as part of the Allen Coral Atlas's partnership with the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies Vibrant Oceans partnership, Blue Action Fund, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

FloridaFlorida Fish & Wildlife Conservation CommissionFlorida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission

Florida Fish and Wildlife Research Institute (FWRI). 2014. Unified Florida Coral Reef Tract Map v2. GIS Metadata. Online linkage: http://ocean.floridamarine.org/IntegratedReefMap/UnifiedReefTract.htm.

FloridaNOAANOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission; National Park Service; University of Miami; Nova Southeastern University (2016). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Assessment of coral communities in the Florida Reef Tract from 2014-05-01 to 2014-10-01 (NCEI Accession 0156879). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0156879. Accessed 28 January 2020.

NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS); Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC); University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science (UM-RSMAS); Nova Southeastern University (NSU); Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC); Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP); National Park Service (NPS); Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS); Broward and Miami-Dade counties (2018). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Assessment of coral communities in the Florida Keys Reef Tract from 2016-05-01 to 2016-12-15 (NCEI Accession 0169401). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset.
https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0169401. Accessed 28 January 2020.

NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science; NOAA Southeast Fisheries Science Center (2020). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Assessment of coral communities in the Florida Reef Tract from 2018-06-05 to 2018-12-17 (NCEI Accession 0208322). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset.
https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0208322. Accessed 28 January 2020.

Gili Air, Pemenang, Kabupaten Lombok Utara, Nusa Tenggara Bar, IndonesiaGili Shark ConservationGili Shark Conservation
Gili Islands, West Nusa Tenggara ProvinceCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Suharti

Suharti, S. (2014). Baseline Survey Kesehatan Terumbu Karang Dan Ekosistem Terkait Di Taman Wisata Perairan Gili Matra. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Gili Trawangan, Air, and MenoGeography Department, University of IndonesiaDr Masita Dwi Mandini Manessa

Manessa, M. D. M., Kanno, A., Sekine, M., Ampou, E. E., Widagti, N., & As-syakur, A. R. (2014). Shallow-Water Benthic Identification Using Multispectral Satellite Imagery: Investigation on the Effects of Improving Noise Correction Method and Spectral Cover. Remote Sensing, 6(5), 4454-4472. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs6054454

Gili Trawangan, Gili Meno, and Gili AirGraduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi University, JapanManessa et al.

Manessa, M. D. M., Kanno, A., Sekine, M., Ampou, E. E., Widagti, N., & As-syakur, A. R. (2014). Shallow-Water Benthic Identification Using Multispectral Satellite Imagery: Investigation on the Effects of Improving Noise Correction Method and Spectral Cover. Remote Sensing, 6(5), 4454-4472. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs6054454

Goa, IndiaTechnology for WildlifeShashank Srinivasan

Technology for Wildlife. Coral reef video transects of St. George's Island off the coast of Goa, India

Grande Island, GoaCSIR-National Institute of OceanographyAfreen Hussain

Hussain, A., Thomas, L., Nagesh, R., Mote, S., Patil, A., Pujari, L., De, K. & Ingole, B. (2016). Coral reef at risk: anthropogenic stressors in Grande Island, Goa. In:. Paper presented at the Development in Coastal Zones of India - Present Status and Future Need. At CSIR National, Institute of Oceanography, Mumbai.

Gulf of Carpentaria Reef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection.

Gulf of KachchhSpace Applications Centre, Indian Space Research OrganisationGujrati et al.

Arora, M., Gujrati, A., Chaudhury, N. R., & Patel, R. C. (2018). Benthic coverage and bottom topography of coral reef environment over Pirotan reef, Gulf of Kachchh region, India. Geocarto International, 34(10), 1089-1097. https://doi.org/10.1080/10106049.2018.1469678

Gulf of KachchhZoological Survey of IndiaKumar et al.

Kumar, J. S. Y., Marimuthu, N., Geetha, S., Satyanarayana, C., Venkataraman, K., & Kamboj, R. D. (2014). Longitudinal variations of coral reef features in the Marine National Park, Gulf of Kachchh. 18(3), 167-175. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-014-0303-6

Gulf of Kachchh, Gulf of Mannar and Pirotan IslandSpace Applications Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad, IndiaBahuguna et al.

Bahuguna, A., Ray Chaudhury, N., Bhattji, S., Ajai, & Navalgund, R. (2013). Spatial inventory and ecological status of coral reefs of the Central Indian Ocean using Resourcesat-1. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences, 42, 684-696.

Gulf of MannarUva Wellassa University, Badulla, Sri LankaNaveenan et al.

Naveenan, M., Weragodatenna, D., Gunaratne, A., Rathnayake, R., & Jayamanne, S. (2015). Remote Sensing and GIS approach in assessment and conservation of Seaigrass Beds in the coastal stretch along Gulf of Mannar.

Gulf of MannarCentre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Annamalai UniversityThangaradjou et al.

Thangaradjou, T., Sridhar, R., Senthilkumar, S., & Kannan, S. (2008). Seagrass resource assessment in the Mandapam coast of the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 6(1), 139-146.

Gulf of MannarSuganthi Devadasan Marine Research Institute (SDMRI)Edward Patterson

SDMRI. (2015). Coral reef monitoring in the Gulf of Mannar.

Gulf of MannarSuganthi Devadasan Marine Research Institute (SDMRI)Edward Patterson

SDMRI. (2017). Coral reef monitoring in Palk Bay.

Harapan and Kelapa IslandsDepartment of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, IndonesiaSiregar et al.

Siregar, V. P., Prabowo, N. W., Agus, S. B., & Subarno, T. (2018). The effect of atmospheric correction on object based image classification using SPOT-7 imagery: A case study in the Harapan and Kelapa Islands. In (Vol. 176): Institute of Physics Publishing. http://doi:10.1088/1755-1315/176/1/012028

HawaiiASU Center for Global Discovery and Conservation ScienceGreg Asner

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

Hawaiian IslandsState of HawaiiHawaii Statewide GIS Program

Coral Reef (Nautical Charts).  Copyright: NOAA Raster Nautical Charts, 2002; Hawaii Statewide GIS Program. Accessed 2019 from https://geoportal.hawaii.gov/datasets/coral-reefs

Hawaiian IslandsPIBHMCPacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) (2015) Maps of percent scleractinian coral cover and sand along camera tows and ROV tracks of West Maui and West Hawaii  

Hawaiian IslandsUniversity of HawaiiChelsie Counsell, Mary Donovan, Alan Friedlander

Donovan et al. (2019) Coral reef fish and benthic surveys in Hawai‘i synthesized from multiple organizations over twenty years. Scientific Data (in prep).

Hawaiian IslandsNOAABryan Costa, Matt Kendall

Costa, B. and M. Kendall. 2016. Marine Biogeographic Assessment of the Main Hawaiian Islands: Synthesized physical and biological data offshore of the Main Hawaiian Islands from 1891-01-01 to 2015-03-01 (NCEI Accession 0155189). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://doi:10.7289/V56H4FG9

Hawaiian IslandsUSGSAnn Gibbs, Susan Cochran, Joshua Logan, Eric Grossman

Gibbs, A.E., Cochran, S.A., Logan, J.B, and Grossman, E.E., 2007, Benthic habitats and offshore geological resources of Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical park, Hawai`i (ver. 1.1, May 2016): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5256, 62 p.

Hawaiian IslandsUSGSJames Guest, Peter Edmunds, Ruth Gates

Guest, J.R., Edmunds, P.J., Gates, R.D., Kuffner, I.B., Andersson, A.J., Barnes, B.B., Chollett, I., Elahi, R., Courtney, T.A., Gross, K., Lenz, E.A., Mitarai, S., Mumby, P.J., Nelson, H.R., Parker, B.A., Putnam, H.M., and Toth, L.T., 2018, A framework for identifying and characterising coral-reef “oases” against a backdrop of degradation: Journal of Applied Ecology, https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13179.

Heron ReefUQ Remote Sensing Research CentreChris Roelfsema, Stuart Phinn

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

IndiaGujarat Institute of Desert EcologyPrusty et al.

Prusty, B. A. K., Chandra, R., & Azeez, P. (2017). Wetland science: perspectives from south Asia: Springer.

IndiaSpatial Informatics, International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT)Teja Kondraju et al.

Teja Kondraju, T., Mandla, V. R. B., Mahendra, R., & Kumar, T. S. (2014). Evaluation of various image classification techniques on Landsat to identify coral reefs. Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk, 5(2), 173-184. https://doi.org/10.1080/19475705.2013.802748

India Department of Ocean Studies and Marine Biology, Pondicherry UniversityDharanirajan et al.

Dharanirajan, K., Thanikachalam, M., Gurugnanam, B., Narayanam, R., & Falia, G. C. (2010). Remote Sensing and GIS for the study of coastal ecosystem changes and its conservation. International Journal Earth Science and Engineering, 3, 512-524.

IndonesiaDepartment of Marine Science, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, IndonesiaTries Razak, Haifa Herfauzia Jasmin

Data collated in 2020 from numerous published reports of Indonesian reefs for the study of reef change over time by Tries Razak and Haifa Herfauzia Jasmin. Full list of references here: https://storage.googleapis.com/coral-atlas-static-files/references/Citations%20For%20data%20collated%20by%20Tries%20and%20Haifa%20Final.pdf

IndonesiaGlobal Change Institute, University of Queensland; XL Catlin Seaview SurveyEmma Kennedy, Manuel González-Rivero, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg

González-Rivero, Manuel, Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez, Oscar Beijbom, Peter Dalton, Emma V Kennedy, Benjamin P Neal, Julie Vercelloni, Pim Bongaerts, Anjani Ganase, Dominic E.P. Bryant, Kristen Brown, Catherine Kim, Veronika Z. Radice, Sebastian Lopez-Marcano, Sophie Dove, Christophe Bailhache, Hawthorne L Beyer, and Ove Hoegh-Guldberg. 2019. "Seaview Survey Photo-quadrat and Image Classification Dataset." The University of Queensland. https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:734799

Rodriguez-Ramirez, Alberto, Manuel González-Rivero, Oscar Beijbom, Christophe Bailhache, Pim Bongaerts, Kristen T. Brown, Dominic E. P. Bryant, Peter Dalton, Sophie Dove, Anjani Ganase, Emma V. Kennedy, Catherine J. S. Kim, Sebastian Lopez-Marcano, Benjamin P. Neal, Veronica Z. Radice, Julie Vercelloni, Hawthorne L. Beyer, and Ove Hoegh-Guldberg. 2020. 'A contemporary baseline record of the world’s coral reefs', Scientific Data, 7: 355.

IndonesiaReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

IndonesiaReef Life SurveysGraham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020]. Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

IndonesiaCoral Sea FoundationAndy Lewis

Coral Sea Foundation Image Library

IndonesiaReef Check Foundation IndonesiaSila Kartika Sari and Derta Prabuning

Reef Check Foundation Indonesia. Reef check monitoring data.

IndonesiaGeospatial Information Agency of IndonesiaDoddy Mendro Yuwono

Ramadhani et al., 2019, Kepulauan Maluku, Cibinong, Badan Informasi Geospasial

IndonesiaWorld Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) IndonesiaMuhammed Erdi Lauzardi

These data were collected by WWF-Indonesia

IndonesiaChristian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, GermanyWiethüchter, Anita

Wiethüchter, Anita; Schnack-Schiel, Sigrid B; Asmus, Harald (2009): Seagrass biomass per area from Island Bone Batang, Spermonde Archipelago, Indonesia. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.727003

IndonesiaDepartment of Marine Science, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, IndonesiaTries Razak et al.

Razak TB, Ramadhani BA, Corni S, Roelfsema C, Markey K, Bambic B, De Brauwer M, Masdar H, Purnama R, Dumbrell AJ, Jompa J, Limmon GV, Beger M, Fox HE. In review. Large scale study of benthic communities in Eastern Indonesia’s reef systems. Regional Studies in Marine Science

IndonesiaLembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)LIPI

LIPI; National Datacentre for Coastal Ecosystem: http://gis.oseanografi.lipi.go.id/

IndonesiaBiosphere FoundationKitty Currier, Phillip Dustan

Suparno, N., K. Currier, C. Milner, A. Alling, and P. Dustan. 2019. Ecological changes in the coral reef communities of Indonesia’s Bali Barat National Park, 2011–2016. Atoll Research Bulletin 620.

IndonesiaInstitute for Marine Remote Sensing - University of South Florida and Sinoptica Information Systems Ltd.Damaris Torres-Pulliza

Torres-Pulliza, D., Wilson, J. R., Darmawan, A., Campbell, S. J., & Andréfouët, S. (2013). Ecoregional scale seagrass mapping: A tool to support resilient MPA network design in the Coral Triangle. Ocean & Coastal Management, 80, 55-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2013.04.005

IndonesiaFauna & Flora InternationalAndy Cameron, Indra, Rakhmat Dirgantara, Henry Duffy

These data were contributed by Fauna & Flora International.

Jakarta Bay-Pulau Seribu reef complexDepartamento de Biologia, CESAM – Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Universidade de Aveiro, PortugalCleary et al.

Cleary, D. F. R., De Vantier, L., Giyanto, Vail, L., Manto, P., de Voogd, N. J., Rachello-Dolmen, P. G., Tuti, Y., Budiyanto, A., Wolstenholme, J., Hoeksema, B. W., & Suharsono. (2008). Relating variation in species composition to environmental variables: a multi-taxon study in an Indonesian coral reef complex. Aquatic Sciences, 70(4), 419-431. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00027-008-8077-2

JamaicaDuwatechBernadette Charpentier, Frederic Charpentier

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

JamaicaAGRRAJudith Lang, Patricia Kramer, Lynnette Roth

Judith Lang, Patricia Kramer, Lynnette Roth shared the Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment (AGRRA) International Collaboration (https://www.agrra.org) and Ocean Research and Education Foundation database for the Caribbean region.

Jamaica, BahamasTNCSteve Schill, Joseph Pollock

These data were contributed by The Nature Conservancy’s Caribbean Division and included GPS-referenced drop cam videos and previously mapped areas using high resolution satellite imagery.

https://caribbeanscienceatlas.tnc.org/

Kaledupa Island, Wakatobi National ParkGraduate School of Coastal and Marine Resources Management, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, IndonesiaAzhar et al.

Azhar, A., Damar, A., Bengen, D. G., & Atmadipoera, A. S. (2019). Shallow water marine habitat mapping of Kaledupa Island using integrating tradisional ecological knowledge and multispectral image classification. In (Vol. 241): Institute of Physics Publishing. http://doi:10.1088/1755-1315/241/1/012038

Kapoposang Island, South Sulawesi ProvinceDepartment of Marine Science, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, IndonesiaFaizal et al.

Faizal, A., Raazy, A. F., & Rasyid, A. (2019). Analysis of coral reef benthic cover changes around Kapoposang Island, Pangkep Regency, South Sulawesi using multioral remote sensing imagery. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 370(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/370/1/012021

Kar Kar Island, Papua New GuineaNational University of Singapore and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaAndrew G. Bauman, Joshua E. Cinner

Bauman, A.G. & Cinner, J.E. Benthic transect data  Ahus Is. and Kar Kar Is., Papua New Guinea.

KarimunjawaUniversity of Gajah Mada
KarimunjawaUQ Remote Sensing Research CentreChris Roelfsema, Stuart Phinn

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

Kemujan Island, IndonesiaDepartment of Geographic Information Science, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, IndonesiaWicaksono et al.

Wicaksono, P., Aryaguna, P. A., & Lazuardi, W. (2019). Benthic Habitat Mapping Model and Cross Validation Using Machine-Learning Classification Algorithms. Remote Sensing, 11(11). https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11111279

Kemujan Island, IndonesiaCartography and Remote Sensing, Department of Geographic Information Science, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, IndonesiaWicaksono

Wicaksono, P. (2017). Improving the accuracy of Multispectral-based benthic habitats mapping using image rotations: the application of Principle Component Analysis and Independent Component Analysis. European Journal of Remote Sensing, 49(1), 433-463. https://doi.org/10.5721/EuJRS20164924

KenyaWWF-Kenya, CORDIO and Kenya Wildlife ServiceHassan Mohammad, Swaleh Ali Aboud, Said Mwangira

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

KenyaAROCHA Kenya and CORDIOErick Thuranira, Simon Kenga, Swaleh Ali Aboud, Randall Mabwa

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

KenyaCORDIO and Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS)Swaleh Ali Aboud, Mohammed Mwachanze, Abdallah Godana, Randall Mabwa

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

KenyaMarine Education CenterJenni Choma, Fatma Hassan, Kahaso Ngowa, Derrick Omollo, Winnie Njeri

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

KenyaWCS-KenyaRemy Oddenyo, Tim McClanahan

These data were collected as part of the Allen Coral Atlas's partnership with the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies Vibrant Oceans partnership, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa, TanzaniaReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Kimbe Bay, Papua New GuineaSchool of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, James Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaJones et al.

Jones, G. P., McCormick, M. I., Srinivasan, M., & Eagle, J. V. (2004). Coral decline threatens fish biodiversity in marine reserves. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101(21), 8251-8253. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0401277101

Kimbe Bay, Papua New GuineaThe Nature ConservancyTurak et al.

Turak, E. & Aitsi, J. (Eds.) 2002. Assessment of coral biodiversity and status of coral reefs of East Kimbe Bay, New Britain, PNG 2002. Report to The Nature Conservancy as part of the Eastern Kimbe Bay Rapid Ecological Assessment, December 2002.

Kimbe Bay, Paupa New GuineaJames Cook University and ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies, Townsville, AustraliaGeoff Jones, Maya Srinivasan, Janelle Eagle, Stephen Neale, Mary Bonin

2019 Coral Data collected in Kimbe Bay Papua New Guinea

Kimberley, Western AustraliaWestern Australian Marine Science Institution (WAMSI)Andrew Heyward, Karen Miller, Jane Fromont, John Keesing, Iain Parnum

Heyward, A., Miller, K., Fromont, J., Keesing, J. & Parnum, I. (Eds.) (2018). Kimberley Benthic Biodiversity SynthesisReport of Project 1.1.1 prepared for the Kimberley Marine Research Program, Western Australian Marine Science Institution, Perth, Western Australia, 57pp.

Kimberley, Western AustraliaNorthern Development Taskforce (NDT)Gary Fry, Andrew Heyward, Ian McLeod

Fry, G., Heyward, A. & McLeod, I. (2008). Benthic habitat surveys of potential LNG hub locations in the Kimberley region: Node 1 Project 1.3. Preliminary Report.

Kimberley, Western AustraliaWestern Australian Marine Science Institution (WAMSI)Lindsay B Collins, Alexandra Stevens, Mick O’Leary, Giada Bufarale, Moataz Kordi, Tubagus Solihuddin

Collins, L. B., Stevens, A., O’Leary, M., Bufarale G., Kordi, M. & Solihuddin, T. (2015). Final Report of Project 1.3.1 of the Kimberley Marine Research Program Node of the Western Australian Marine Science Institution, WAMSI, Perth, Western Australia, 246pp.  Data sourced from Western Australian Marine Science Institution (WAMSI) project funded by Western Australian State Government and research partners and carried out by Collins et al from Curtin University Australia

Kimberley, Western AustraliaDepartment of Biodiversity Conservation and Attractions, Western Australia.Thomas Holmes, Claire Ross, Richard Evans, Molly Moustaka, William Robbins, Ellen D’Cruz

Holmes, T., Ross, C., Evans, R., Moustaka, M., Robbins, W. & D'Cruz, E. Contribution of unpublished data 2020: Ecological monitoring in the Kimberley marine reserves, Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Perth.

Kimberley, Western AustraliaWestern Australian MuseumZoe Richards, Monika Bryce, Clay Bryce

Richards, Z., Bryce, M., & Bryce, C. (2018). The composition and structure of shallow benthic reef communities in the Kimberley, north-west Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement, 85(1). https://doi.org/10.18195/issn.0313-122x.85.2018.075-103



Kimberley, Western AustraliaDepartment of Environment and Conservation, Northern Development TaskforceMarine Ecosystems Branch

Department of Environment and Conservation (2008). Preliminary reconnaissance survey of benthic habitats in the Anjo Peninsula area, Kimberley Bioregion, Western Australia. Report to the Northern Development Taskforce, Department of Industry and Resources. Department of Environment and Conservation, Perth, WA, October 2008

Komodo, East Nusa Tenggara ProvinceThe Nature Conservancy IndonesiaTurak

Turak, E. (2006) Corals and Coral Communities of the Komodo National Park. In: Beger, M. & Turak, E. (2006) A Rapid Ecological Assessment of the reef fishes and scleractinian corals of Komodo National Park, Indonesia in 2005. The Nature Conservancy.

Kotok Island and Karang BongkokDepartment of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Bogor Agricultural University, IndonesiaManuputty et al.

Manuputty, A., Gaol, J. L., Agus, S. B., & Nurjaya, I. W. (2017). The utilization of Depth Invariant Index and Principle Component Analysis for mapping seagrass ecosystem of Kotok Island and Karang Bongkok, Indonesia. In (Vol. 54): Institute of Physics Publishing. http://doi:10.1088/1755-1315/54/1/012083

Lady Musgrave Island, southern Great Barrier Reef, AustraliaSchool of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, GeoCoastal Research Group, University of Sydney and School of Geography, University of Queensland, AustraliaHamylton et al.

Hamylton, S. M., Carvalho, R. C., Duce, S., Roelfsema, C. M., & Vila‐Concejo, A. (2016). Linking pattern to process in reef sediment dynamics at Lady Musgrave Island, southern Great Barrier Reef. Sedimentology, 63(6), 1634-1650.

Lampi Island, Marine National Park, MyanmarCNR-IREA, Optical Remote Sensing GroupClaudia Giardino

Giardino, C., Bresciani, M., Fava, F., Matta, E., Brando, V. E., & Colombo, R. (2016). Mapping submerged habitats and mangroves of Lampi Island Marine National Park (Myanmar) from in situ and satellite observations. Remote Sensing, 8(1), 2. 

Libukang Island, Malasoro BayAgency for Marine and Fisheries Research and Human Resources Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, IndonesiaSetyawidati et al.

Setyawidati, N., Kaimuddin, A. H., Wati, I. P., Helmi, M., Widowati, I., Rossi, N., Liabot, P. O., & Stiger-Pouvreau, V. (2017). Percentage cover, biomass, distribution, and potential habitat mapping of natural macroalgae, based on high-resolution satellite data and in situ monitoring, at Libukang Island, Malasoro Bay, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Phycology, 30(1), 159-171. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-017-1208-1

Lihir Island, Papua New GuineaCSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, AustraliaMichael DE Haywood

Haywood, M.D.E., Dennis, D., Thomson, D.P., & Pillans, R.D. (2016). Mine waste disposal leads to lower coral cover, reduced species richness and a predominance of simple coral growth forms on a fringing coral reef in Papua New Guinea. Marine Environmental Research, 115, 36-48

Lingga Islands, Riau ProvinceCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Sihaloho

Sihaloho, H. F. (2014). Monitoring Kesehatan Terumbu Karang dan Kesehatan Ekosistem Terkait di Kabupaten Lingga. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

MadagascarWCS-MadagascarArielle Hoamby, Toky Voajanahary and Ravaka Ranaivoson

These data were collected as part of the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies Vibrant Oceans partnership, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

MadagascarWCS-MadagascarLovy Rasolofomanana

© Wildlife Conservation Society. All rights reserved.

MalaysiaHeriot-Watt UniversityOscar Crehan

Crehan, O., Mair, J., Yii, S. H., Mohd Safuan, C. D., & Bachok, Z. (2019). Effect of Tourism and Sedimentation on Coral Cover and Community Structure. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 30(2), 149-165. https://doi.org/10.21315/tlsr2019.30.2.11 

Marshall IslandsNOAAMatt Kendall

Kendall, M.S., T.A. Battista, and C. Menza. 2012. Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands Coral Reef Ecosystems Mapping Report. NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Center for Coastal Monitoring, Biogeography Branch. Silver Spring, Maryland. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 144. 19 Pages.

Mauritius, SeychellesReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection.

MayotteCORDIODavid Obura

Obura DO, Bigot L, Benzoni F. 2018. Coral responses to a repeat bleaching event in Mayotte in 2010. PeerJ 6:e5305 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5305

MayotteParc naturel marin de MayotteJeanne Wagner

Data collected as part of the Coral reef observatory from Mayotte and provided by Naomi Scholten (PNMM). We are grateful to the research office CREOCEAN who led the field work and the analysis.

Mentawai Islands, West SumatraCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Siringoringo

Siringoringo, R. M. (2014). Monitoring Kesehatan Terumbu Karang Dan Kesehatan Ekosistem Terkait Di Kabupaten Kepulauan Mentawai. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia

MicronesiaUniversity of GuamPeter Houk

Houk P, Camacho R, Johnson S, McLean M, Maxin S, Anson J, et al. (2015) The Micronesia Challenge: Assessing the Relative Contribution of Stressors on Coral Reefs to Facilitate Science-toManagement Feedback. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0130823. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.

The Allen Coral Atlas makes use of data products provided by the Micronesia Coral Reef Monitoring Program, the University of Guam Marine Laboratory, Yap Marine Resources, Yap Community Action Program, Chuuk Marine Resources, Chuuk Conservation Society, Pohnpei State Fisheries, Conservation Society of Pohnpei, Kosrae Conservation and Safety Organization, Kosrae Islands Resources Management Agency, Marshall Islands Marine Resources Authority, the Marshall Islands Conservation Society, and the College of the Marshall Islands.

Milne Bay Province, Papua New GuineaConservation InternationalAllen et al.

Allen, G., Kinch, J., McKenna, S., & Seeto, P. (2003). A Rapid Marine Biodiversity Assessment of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea: Survey II (2000).  RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 29. Conservation International, Washington, DC, USA.

MooreaCRIOBESerge Planes

Service d'Observation CORAIL from CRIOBE kindly provided the data. We are grateful to Serge Planes (CRIOBE - SO CORAIL), Antoine Collin (LETG), and all technicians (Yannick Chancerelle, Gilles Siu, Benoit Espiau, Franck Lerouvreur and Vetea Liao) from the CRIOBE field station who contributed in performing Moorea's reefs mapping.

MooreaGUMP UCSBPeter Edmunds, Andrew J. Brooks

Funding for Moorea Coral Reef (MCR) data and other materials was provided by the U.S. National Science Foundation under Grant No. OCE 16-37396 (and earlier awards) as well as a generous gift from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Research was completed under permits issued by the French Polynesian Government (Délégation à la Recherche) and the Haut-commissariat de la République en Polynésie Francaise (DTRT) (Protocole d'Accueil 2005-2018).

MooreaUQ Remote Sensing Research CentreChris Roelfsema, Stuart Phinn

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

MozambiqueCentro de Investigação e conservação AmbientalJoao Macuio, Celina Lupaka, Antumane Arabe, Isabel Marques da Silva, Erwan Sola, Celina Lupaka

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

MyanmarFlora and Fauna InternationalU Soe Htun

Soe-Htun, U., Maung, A., Mon, S., Ha, S. T., Aung, S. T., Lwin, A. M. & Lunn, Z. (2015). Seagrass conservation and monitoring in Myanmar: the biodiversity, distribution and coverage of seagrasses in the Tanintharyi and Rakhine.

MyanmarFlora and Fauna International (supported by Woodside Myanmar)Sue Murray-Jones

Murray-Jones, S. (Ed.). 2020. Marine and coastal biodiversity of the Mawtin Coast: Survey results and conservation recommendations. Capacity Building for Coastal Biodiversity Monitoring, Mawtin Coast Partnership, Myanmar. Pp 137. MCAP Report No 10, FFI, Yangon. ISBN: 9 789997 109231

MyanmarWildlife Conservation SocietyMeira Mizrahi, Hedley Grantham

Phototransects collected in 2019 around Myanmar.  Wildlife Conservation Society

MyanmarFlora and Fauna International, Department of Fisheries (MOALI)U Zau Lunn

Howard, R. (Ed.) (2018). Marine Biodiversity of Myeik Archipelago: Survey Results 2013-2017 and Conservation Recommendations. Tanintharyi Conservation Programme, a joint initiative of Fauna & Flora International, the Myanmar Forest Department and Department of Fisheries. (Unpublished Data)

MyanmarFlora and Fauna InternationalU Soe-Htun

Soe-Htun, U., Maung, A., Mon, S., Ha, S. T., Aung, S. T., Lwin, A. M., & Lunn, Z. (2015). Seagrass conservation and monitoring in Myanmar: the biodiversity, distribution and coverage of seagrasses in the Tanintharyi and Rakhine. 

Natuna IslandsResearch Centre for Oceanography – Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) , IndonesiaSuyarso et al.

Suyarso, Ulumuddin, Y. I., & Prayudha, B. (2020). Mapping of coral reef ecosystem in the Natuna Islands using ALOS imagery.

Nicobar IslandWildlife Conservation Society, IndiaVardhan Patankar

Patankar, V., Wagh, T., & Marathe, A. (2019). Protected areas and benthic characteristics influence the distribution of the Vulnerable bumphead parrotfish Bolbometopon muricatum in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Oryx, 54(4), 564-571. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0030605318000376


North Andaman, IndiaNational Institute of Ocean Technology (Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India)Jha et al.

Jha, D. K., Vinithkumar, N., Marimuthu, N., Baskar, B., Sahu, B. K., Das, A. K., & Kirubagaran, R. (2013). Field and GIS based post-tsunami assessment of Scleractinian coral cover in the Aerial Bay group of Islands, North Andaman, India. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 17(3), 671-677

North Bay, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar IslandsZoological Survey of IndiaDharani et al.

Dharani, G., Nazar, A. A., Saravanane, N., Vinithkumar, N.V., Santhanakumar, J., Ratnam, K., Jha, D. K., Peter, D. M., Venkateshwaran, P., Kumar, T. S. & Kirubagaran, R. (2012). On the recurrence of coral bleaching and recovery in North Bay, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. In Ecology of Faunal Communities on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (pp. 71-84). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

North Kepulauan SeribuDepartment of Marine Science and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, IndonesiaSiregar et al.

Siregar, V. P., Agus, S. B., Subarno, T., & Prabowo, N. W. (2018). Mapping shallow waters habitats using OBIA by applying several approaches of depth invariant index in North Kepulauan Seribu. In Syartinilia (Ed.), 4th International Symposium on Lapan-Ipb Satellite for Food Security and Environmental Monitoring (Vol. 149). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/149/1/012052

North Nias, North Sumatra ProvinceCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Siringoringo

Siringoringo, R. M. (2014). Monitoring Esehatan Terumbu Karang dan Kesehatan Kosistem Terkait di Kabupaten Nias Utara. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

North Reef Island, AndamanEnvironment & Hydrology Division, Space Applications Centre, Indian Space Research Organisation, IndiaChaudhury et al.

Chaudhury, N. R. (2017). Habitat Level Mapping of Coral Reefs at Different Scales: Case Study on Andaman and Nicobar Islands. In B. K. A. Prusty, R. Chandra, & P. A. Azeez (Eds.), Wetland Science Perspectives From South Asia (pp. 449-461). Springer Nature.


Northern Bismarck Sea, Papua New GuineaThe Nature ConservancyAlison Green

Hamilton, R., Green, A. & Almany, J. (eds.) 2009. Rapid Ecological Assessment: Northern Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea. Technical report of survey conducted August 13 to September 7, 2006. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/09.

Orman Reefs, Torres Strait, AustraliaTropWATER, James Cook UniversityAlexandra Carter, Michael Rasheed

Carter, A. B., & Rasheed, M. A. (2018). Seagrass baseline survey for Orman Reef, Torres Strait, 2017 (TropWATER, JCU) eAtlas. https://eatlas.org.au/data/uuid/30c80ed2-f506-4e37-9d02-83279642fd6d, https://researchdata.edu.au/seagrass-baseline-survey-tropwater-jcu

Orman Reefs, Torres Strait, AustraliaTropWATER, James Cook UniversityAlexandra Carter, Carissa Reason

Carter, A. B., Mellors, J. M., Reason, C., & Rasheed, M. A. (2019). Torres Strait Seagrass 2019 Report Card. Centre for Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research Publication 19/16, James Cook University, Cairns. https://eatlas.org.au/data/uuid/29a19cf3-3975-4b82-baae-92024a2f2425

Orman Reefs, Torres Strait, AustraliaTropWATER, James Cook UniversityAlexandra Carter, Juliette Wilkinson

Carter, A. B., Mellors, J. M., Reason, C., & Rasheed, M. A. (2019). Torres Strait Seagrass 2019 Report Card. Centre for Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research Publication 19/16, James Cook University, Cairns. https://eatlas.org.au/data/uuid/ea17c4d1-e984-45a8-b3c2-395ebcf436a7?_ga=2.88252626.814965081.1599606386-18792116.1549245104

Owi Island, Biak, PapuaDepartment of Marine Science and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, IndonesiaDominggus Samuel HLM Koreri Awak

Awak, D. S. H. L. M. K., Gaol, J. L., Subhan, B., Madduppa, H. H., & Arafat, D. (2016). Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Using Remote Sensing Data: Case Study in Owi Island, Biak, Papua. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 33, 600-606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2016.03.113

PalauNational Geographic, Pristine SeasAlan Friedlander

Friedlander, Alan M. et al. (2018), Data from: Size, age, and habitat determine effectiveness of Palau's Marine Protected Areas, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tp3j5.

PalauNOAATim Battista, John Christensen

Battista, T.A., Costa, B.M., and S.M. Anderson, S.M. 2007. Shallow-Water Benthic Habitats of the Republic of Palau. NOAA Technical Memorandum. NOS NCCOS 59, Biogeography Branch. Silver Spring, MD.

Palk BayZoological Survey of IndiaVenkataraman et al.

Venkataraman, K., & Rajan, R. (2013). Status of coral reefs in Palk Bay. Records of Zoological Survey of India (113), 1–11.

Palk BayCSIR-National Institute of OceanographyBalakrishnan Manikandan

Manikandan, B., Ravindran, J., Vidya, P. J., Shrinivasu, S., Manimurali, R., & Paramasivam, K. (2017). Resilience potential of an Indian Ocean reef: an assessment through coral recruitment pattern and survivability of juvenile corals to recurrent stress events. Environmental Science and Pollution Research (international), 24(15), 13614-13625. doi:10.1007/s11356-017-8772-4

Palk BayCSIR-National Institute of OceanographyBalakrishnan Manikandan

Manikandan, B., Ravindran, J., Shrinivaasu, S., Marimuthu, N., & Paramasivam, K. (2014). Community structure and coral status across reef fishing intensity gradients in Palk Bay reef, southeast coast of India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 186(10), 5989-6002. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-3835-1

Palk Bay, Gulff of Mannar, Gulf of Kachchh and Chilika lakeNational Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM), Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of IndiaGeevarghese et al.

Geevarghese, G. A., Akhil, B., Magesh, G., Krishnan, P., Purvaja, R., & Ramesh, R. (2018). A comprehensive geospatial assessment of seagrass distribution in India. Ocean & Coastal Management, 159, 16-25.

Palk Strait, Sri LankaMonitoring and Evaluation Division, National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency, Crow Island, Sri LankaWeragodatenna et al.

Weragodatenna, D. D., & Gunarathne, A. K. (2016). Detection of aquatic habitats by Geo-Eye satellite images at the Palk Strait, Sri Lanka. Asian Journal of Geoinformatics, 15.

Pangkajene and Kepulauan Regency, Spermonde ArchipelagoGraduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, JapanYasir Haya et al.

Yasir Haya, L. O. M., & Fujii, M. (2017). Mapping the change of coral reefs using remote sensing and in situ measurements: a case study in Pangkajene and Kepulauan Regency, Spermonde Archipelago, Indonesia. Journal of Oceanography, 73(5), 623-645. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10872-017-0422-4

Papua New GuineaThe Nature ConservancyPeter Waldie, Elliot Tovaboda, Manuai Matawai

Papua New Guinea Seacucumber Survey, benthic transect data 2017-2019; The Nature Conservancy

Pari Island, IndonesiaDepartment Marine Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Bengkulu University, IndonesiaAnggoro et al.

Anggoro, A., Sumartono, E., Siregar, V. P., Agus, S. B., Purnama, D., Supriyono, S., Puspitosari, D. A., Listyorini, T., Sulistyo, B. & Parwito, P. (2018). Comparing Object-based and Pixel-based Classifications for Benthic Habitats Mapping in Pari Islands. In (Vol. 1114): Institute of Physics Publishing. http://doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1114/1/012049

Pirotan IslandGraduate School of Engineering and Science, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, JapanSharma et al.

Sharma, S., Bahuguna, A., Chaudhary, N., Nayak, S., Chavan, S., & Pandey, C. (2008). Status and monitoring the health of coral reef using Multi-temporal remote sensing - A case study of Pirotan Coral Reef Island, Marine National Park, Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, India.

Pongi Balu coast - South Andaman IslandsNational Institute of Ocean Technology (Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India)Jha et al.

Jha, D. K., Vinithkumar, N., Santhnakumar, J., Nazar, A. A., & Kirubagaran, R. (2011). Assessment of post tsunami coral reef resource in Pongi Balu coast, south Andaman Islands. Current Science, 530-534. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24073090

Pulau Nukaha, Tanimbar, IndonesiaFlemish Institute for Technological Research, Remote Sensing and Earth Observation Processes, BelgiumLuc Bertels, Bart Deronde and Joost Vandenabeele

Bertels, L., Vanderstraete, T., Van Coillie, S., Knaeps, E., Sterckx, S., Goossens, R., & Deronde, B. (2008). Mapping of coral reefs using hyperspectral CASI data; a case study: Fordata, Tanimbar, Indonesia. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 29(8), 2359-2391. https://doi.org/10.1080/01431160701408469

The authors wish to thank the Belgian Science Policy Office (BelSPO) for providing funding under the STEREO projects UN/67/013 and UN/02/014.

Pulau Pieh, W Sumatra ProvinceCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Abrar

Abrar, M. (2014). Laporan Monitoring (Baseline) Kesehatan Ekosistem Terumbu Karang & Ekosistem Terkait Lainnya Taman Wisata Perairan Pulau Pieh Dan Laut Di Sekitarnya, Provinsi Sumatera Barat. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Raja Ampat Islands, Papua, Eastern IndonesiaThe Nature Conservancy IndonesiaDonnelly et al.

Donnelly, R., Neville, D. & Mous, P. J. (2003). Report on a rapid ecological assessment of the Raja Ampat Islands, Papua, Eastern Indonesia, held October 30 – November 22, 2002. The Nature Conservancy - Southeast Asia Center for Marine Protected Areas, Bali, Indonesia

Raja Ampat, West Papua ProvinceConservation International Center for Applied Biodiversity Science Department of Conservation BiologyMcKenna et al.

McKenna, S. A., Allen, G. R., & Suryadi, S. (2002). A marine rapid assessment of the Raja Ampat islands, Papua Province, Indonesia. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 22. Conservation International. Washington, DC.

Reunion IslandIFREMERTouria Bajjouk

Bajjouk T, Mouquet P, Ropert M, Quod J-P, Hoarau L, Bigot L, Le Dantec N, Delacourt C, & Populus J. (2019). Detection of changes in shallow coral reef status: towards a spatial approach using hyperspectral and multispectral data. Ecological Indicators 96(1): 174 – 191.

SaipanNOAAMatt Kendall, Bryan Costa

Kendall, M., B. Costa, S. McKagan, and L. Johnston. 2017. Benthic habitat maps of Saipan Lagoon, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (NCEI Accession 0162517). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5NV9GB9.

SamoaJustus-Liebig-Universität GießenMaren Ziegler

Ziegler M, Quéré G, Ghiglione J-F, Iwankow G, Barbe V, Boissin E, Wincker P, Planes S, and Voolstra CR (2018) Status of coral reefs of Upolu (Independent State of Samoa) in the South West Pacific and recommendations to promote resilience and recovery of coastal ecosystems. Marine Pollution Bulletin 129:392-398.

Sangihe and Talaud Islands, North SulawesiThe Nature Conservancy IndonesiaMous

Mous, P. J. (2002). Report on a rapid ecological assessment of the Banda Islands, Maluku, Eastern Indonesia, held April 28 – May 5 2002. The Nature Conservancy - Southeast Asia Center for Marine Protected Areas, Sanur, Bali, Indonesia.

Sangihe and Talaud Islands, North SulawesiThe Nature Conservancy IndonesiaMous and DeVantier

Mous, P. J. & DeVantier L. M. (2001). Rapid Ecological Assessment of the Sangihe-Talaud Islands, North Sulawesi, Indonesia, April-May, 2001. The Nature Conservancy - Southeast Asia Center for Marine Protected Areas, Sanur, Bali, Indonesia.

Sebaru Besar Island, Kepulauan SeribuDepartment of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, IPB University, IndonesiaSiregar et al.

Siregar, V. P., Agus, S. B., Sunuddin, A., Pasaribu, R. A., Sangadji, M. S., Sugara, A., & Kurniawati, E. (2020). Benthic habitat classification using high resolution satellite imagery in Sebaru Besar Island, Kepulauan Seribu. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 429, 012040. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/429/1/012040

Sebaru, Karang Lebar and Lancang, IndonesiaDivision of Marine Remote Sensing and GIS, Department of Marine Science and Technology, IPB University, IndonesiaVincentius P Siregar, Ayub Sugara and Esty Kurniaty

Sugara, A., Siregar, V. P., & Agus, S. B. (2020). Benthic habitat classification of shallow water using WorldView-2 imagery with in-situ and drone data. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 12(1), 135-150. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v12i1.26448

Object-Based Classification of Shallow Benthic Habitats and Analysis of Oceanographic Characteristics Using Multi-Resolution Satellite Imagery in the Waters of the Seribu Islands (On Review at Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis)

Evaluation of Accuracy Level of Shallow Waters Benthic Habitat Mapping In Different Classes Using High Resolution Imagery Case Study on Sebaru Besar Island, Kepuluan Seribu (On Review at Majalah Ilmiah Globe Journal - Geospatial Information Agency) 

Sugara, A., Siregar, V. P., & Agub, S. B. (2019). Shallow water benthic classification on Worldview-2 and Sentinel 2A imagery using in-situ and drone data [Master thesis, IPB University]. IPB University. http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/100700 

Kurniawati, E., Siregar, V. P., & Nurjaya, I. W. Object-based classification of shallow benthic habitats and analysis of oceanographic characteristics using multi-resolution satellite imagery in the waters of the Seribu Islands [Master thesis, IPB University]. IPB University. http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/100730

Sekupang Waters, Batam Island, IndonesiaPoliteknik Negeri Batam, IndonesiaLubis et al.

Lubis, M. Z., Anurogo, W., Hanafi, A., Kausarian, H., Taki, H. M., & Antoni, S. (2018). Distribution of benthic habitat using Landsat-7 Imagery in shallow waters of Sekupang, Batam Island, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 19(3), 1117-1122. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d190346

Seribu and Wakatobi Island, IndonesiaDivision of Marine Remote Sensing and GIS, Department of Marine Science and Technology, IPB University, IndonesiaVincentius P Siregar and Syamsul B Agus

Siregar, V. P., Prabowo, N. W., Agus, S. B., & Subarno, T. (2018). The effect of atmospheric correction on object based image classification using SPOT-7 imagery: A case study in the Harapan and Kelapa Islands. In (Vol. 176): Institute of Physics Publishing. http://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/176/1/012028

Prabowo, N. W., Siregar, V. P., & Agus, S. B. (2018). Classification of benthic habitat based on object with support vector machine and decision tree algoritm using SPOT – 7 multispectral imagery in Harapan and Kelapa Island. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 10(1), 123-134. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v10i1.21670 

Siregar, V. P., Agus, S. B., Sunuddin, A., Pasaribu, R. A., Sangadji, M. S., Kurniawati, E. (2020). Benthic habitat classification on multispatial satellite imagery in Kapota and Kompoone Islands, Wakatobi. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, (In Review) 

Siregar, V. P., Agus, S. B., Subarno, T., Sunuddin, A., & Aziizah, N. N. (2020). Analysis of benthic habitat change by using high resolution satellite imagery in Karang Lebar, Kepulauan Seribu. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 12(1), 37-51. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v12i1.25528 

Siregar, V. P., Agus, S. B., Sunuddin, A., Pasaribu, R. A., Sangadji, M. S., Sugara, A., & Kurniawati, E. (2020). Benthic habitat classification using high resolution satellite imagery in Sebaru Besar Island, Kepulauan Seribu. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 429, 012040. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/429/1/012040 

Sugara, A., Siregar, V. P., & Agus, S. B. (2020). Benthic habitat classification of shallow water using WorldView-2 imagery with in-situ and drone data. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 12(1), 135-150. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v12i1.26448

SeychellesIsland Conservation Society (ICS)Mr Norman Weber - Chief Executive Officer

Data was produced by the Climate Science & Data Management Section within the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change in Seychelles under the GoS-UNDP-GEF project titled ‘Expansion and Strengthening of the Protected Area Subsystem of the Outer Islands of Seychelles and its Integration into the broader land and seascape (2014-2020)’. Data ownership lies with the Island Conservation Society.

SeychellesGreen Island FoundationMariliana Leotta

These data were collected in partnership with University of Seychelles and Blue Economy research Institute as part of the Long Term Marine Monitoring Program at Denis, Fregate and North Islands, Seychelles, supported by the The Seychelles Conservation and Climate Adaptation Trust (SeyCCAT) and generously funded by Denis Private Island, Fregate Island Private and North Island LTD.

SeychellesSustainable Oceans SeychellesLéo Barret, Gilberte Gendron and Nathalie Bodin

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

SeychellesNational Geographic, Pristine SeasAlan Friedlander

Friedlander AM, Ballesteros E, Beets J, Brown EK, Fay JM, Haupt P, Henning B, Rose P, Sala E. 2015. Biodiversity and ecosystem health of the Aldabra Group, southern Seychelles: Scientific report to the government of Seychelles. National Geographic Pristine Seas.

SeychellesLancaster UniversityNick Graham

Wilson, S.K., Robinson, J.P.W., Chong-Seng, K. et al. Coral Reefs (2019) 38: 625. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-019-01818-4.

Simeulue Island, Aceh ProvinceResearch Institute For Coastal Resources and Vulnerability, Ministry of Marine Affairs and FisheriesUlung Jantama Wisha

Wisha, U., Ondara, K., Gemilang, W., Rahmawan, G., Dhiauddin, R., & Ilham, I. (2019). Coral Reef condition in relation to coral reef fish abundances before mass bleaching event in Simeulue Islands, ACEH. Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal, 25, 64. doi:10.15578/ifrj.25.2.2019.64-74

SingaporeNational University of Singapore and Department of Biosciences, Swansea University, Swansea, UKAndrew G. Bauman

Bauman, A.G. Benthic transect data, reefs of Singapore

Situbondo, East Java, IndonesiaMarine Science Department, Brawijaya UniversityMochamad Arif Zainul Fuad

M. Arif Zainul Fuad, Anwar Fikri, M. Fadhilah (2019). Mapping and Monitoring of Coral reef Ecosystem in Pasir Putih, Situbondo - East Java, Indonesia. Scientific Report - Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Brawijaya University.

Solomon IslandsThe Nature ConservancyTurak et al.

Turak, E. (2006). Coral Communities and Reef Health. In: Green, A., Lokani, P.,  Atu, W., Ramohia, P., Thomas, P. & Almany, J. (eds.). (2006). Solomon Islands Marine Assessment: Technical report of survey conducted May 13 to June 17, 2004. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/06.

Solomon IslandsThe Nature ConservancyHughes et al.

Hughes, A. (2006). Benthic Communities. In: Green, A., Lokani, P., Atu, W., Ramohia,   P., Thomas,  P. & Almany, J. (eds.). (2006). Solomon Islands Marine Assessment: Technical report of survey conducted May 13 to June 17, 2004. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/06.

Solomon IslandsCentre for Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research (TropWATER), James Cook University, Cairns, AustraliaLen McKenzie

Seagrass meadows of the Solomon Islands, derived from field surveys conducted 13 May and 16 June 2004. McKenzie, L.J., Campbell, S.J. & Lasi, F.

Solomon IslandsWildlife Conservation SocietyStacey Jupiter, Alec Hughes

Phototransects collected in 2019 around Morovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands.  Wildlife Conservation Society

Solomon IslandsUniversity of Queensland, Brisbane, AustraliaChris Roelfsema, Simon Albert, Stuart Phinn

Roelfsema, C., Simon, A. & Stuart, R. (2013): Habitat map of Roviana Reef, Solomon Islands derived from a high-spatial-resolution multi-spectral satellite image using object based image analysis. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.831039

South AndamanForest Survey of IndiaGeevarghes et al.

Geevarghes, G., Mishra, A., Saxena, A., & Kushwaha, S. (2006). Mapping Coral Reef Habitat of South Andaman: A Comparative Analysis of Different Multi Spectral Data Sets [Paper presentation]. ISPRS-TC-IV, International Symposium on Geospatsial Data bases for sustainable Development.

South Andaman IslandDepartment of Disaster Management, Pondicherry UniversityEswaran et al.

Eswaran, Y. (2014). Assessment of land use and land cover changes in south Andaman Island using remote sensing and GIS. International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, 5, 171-181. 

Spermonde ArchipelagoMarine Science Department, Hasanuddin University, IndonesiaNurjannah Nurdin

Nurdin, N., Amri, K., Pulubuhu, D. A. T., Rani, C., AS, M. A., & Komatsu, T. (2019). Long-term Changes Of Coral Reef Habitats In Two Islands With And Without Residents In Outer Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi Revealed By Satellite Remote Sensing. Philippine Journal of Natural Sciences(24), 91-103. 

Sri LankaBlue Resources TrustSusantha Udagedara

Susantha Udagedara, 2020. Segrass Distribution in Sri Lanka and India. Blue Resources Trust

Sri LankaOcean Resources Conservation Association (ORCA)Prasanna Weerakkody

"Dugong and Sea grass Conservation Project"  Implemented by Ocean Resources Conservation Association (ORCA) -Funded by GEF/UNEP/ CMS/ Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund  Project title: Increasing knowledge on sea grass habitats and Dugong distribution at selected sites in North -Western Sri Lanka

Sri LankaBlue Resources TrustNishan Perera

BRT. Coral Reef Benthic data and habitat maps, Sri Lanka, India.

Suranti Island, Spermonde ArchipelagoMarine Science Department, Hasanuddin University, IndonesiaNurdin et al.

Nurdin, N., Komatsu, T., Agus, Akbar As, M., Djalil, A. R., & Amri, K. (2015). Multisensor and multitemporal data from Landsat images to detect damage to coral reefs, small islands in the Spermonde archipelago, Indonesia. Ocean Science Journal, 50(2), 317-325. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12601-015-0029-x

TanzaniaWCS-TanzaniaMichael Markovina

These data were collected as part of the Allen Coral Atlas's partnership with the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies Vibrant Oceans partnership, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

TanzaniaCORDIOMishal Gudka

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

Tarkarli (Maharastra State), Goa and Netrani (Karnataka State), West coast of IndiaCoastal ImpactVenkatesh Charloo - Founder Trustee

Underwater Biodiversity Surveys

ThailandDepartment of Biological Sciences National University of SingaporeLoh et al.

Loh, T., Chaipichit, S., Songploy, S., & Chou, L. (2004). The status of coral reefs of Surin Islands, Thailand, based on surveys in December 2004 [REST Technical Report](7). 

ThailandPhuket Marine Biological Center, Department of Marine and Coastal ResourcesAdulyanukosol et al.

Adulyanukosol, K., & Poovachiranon, S. (2006). Dugong (Dugong dugon) and seagrass in Thailand: present status and future challenges Proc. 3rd Int. Symp. SEASTAR and Asian Bio-logging Science.

ThailandReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

ThailandDepartment of Marine and Coastal ResourcesLalita Putchim

Coral distribution map of Thailand by the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources

The Great Barrier Reef, AustraliaGlobal Change Institute, University of Queensland; XL Catlin Seaview SurveyEmma Kennedy, Manuel González-Rivero, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg

González-Rivero, Manuel, Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez, Oscar Beijbom, Peter Dalton, Emma V Kennedy, Benjamin P Neal, Julie Vercelloni, Pim Bongaerts, Anjani Ganase, Dominic E.P. Bryant, Kristen Brown, Catherine Kim, Veronika Z. Radice, Sebastian Lopez-Marcano, Sophie Dove, Christophe Bailhache, Hawthorne L Beyer, and Ove Hoegh-Guldberg. 2019. "Seaview Survey Photo-quadrat and Image Classification Dataset." The University of Queensland. https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:734799 

Rodriguez-Ramirez, Alberto, Manuel González-Rivero, Oscar Beijbom, Christophe Bailhache, Pim Bongaerts, Kristen T. Brown, Dominic E. P. Bryant, Peter Dalton, Sophie Dove, Anjani Ganase, Emma V. Kennedy, Catherine J. S. Kim, Sebastian Lopez-Marcano, Benjamin P. Neal, Veronica Z. Radice, Julie Vercelloni, Hawthorne L. Beyer, and Ove Hoegh-Guldberg. 2020. 'A contemporary baseline record of the world’s coral reefs', Scientific Data, 7: 355.

The Great Barrier Reef, AustraliaReef Life SurveysGraham Edgar

Edgar, G. J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

The Great Barrier Reef, AustraliaReef CheckJan Freiwald, Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

The Great Barrier Reef, AustraliaRemote Sensing Research Center, University of Queensland, AustraliaRoelfsema et al.

Roelfsema, C. M., Kovacs, E. M., Markey, K. & Phinn, S. R. (2018). Benthic and substrate cover data derived from field photo-transect surveys for the Cairns to Cooktown management region of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), January and April/May 2017. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.892623

Roelfsema, C. M., Kovacs, E. M., Markey, K. & Phinn, S. R. (2018): Benthic and substrate cover data derived from field photo-transect surveys for the Far Northern management region of the Great Barrier Reef. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.891736

Roelfsema, C. M., Kovacs, E. M., Stetner, D. & Phinn, S. R. (2018): Georeferenced benthic photoquadrats captured annually from 2002-2017, distributed over Heron Reef flat and slope areas. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.894801

The Great Barrier Reef, AustraliaJames Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaWilliamson et al

Williamson, D., Russ. G., Evans, R., Ceccarelli, D., Willis, B., & Lamb, J. (2014). Benthic cover and fish density on fringing reefs of inshore island groups of the GBR, 1999 – 2014 (NERP 8.2, JCU) eAtlas. http://eatlas.org.au/pydio/data/public/833ece.php

The Great Barrier Reef, AustraliaTropWATER Seagrass Group, James Cook University and The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)Coles et al.

Coles, R., Carter, A., McKenna, S., Rasheed, M. & McKenzie, L. (2016). Collation of spatial seagrass data (meadow extent polygons, species presence/absence points) from 1984 - 2014 for the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (GBRWHA) (NESP TWQ 3.1, TropWATER, JCU). eAtlas.dataset. https://eatlas.org.au/data/uuid/77998615-bbab-4270-bcb1-96c46f56f85a https://metadata.imas.utas.edu.au:443/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=77998615-bbab-4270-bcb1-96c46f56f85a

The Great Barrier Reef, AustraliaAustralian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)Angus Thompson

Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS). (2014). Reef Plan monitoring of inshore coral reef communities, Great Barrier Reef (RRMMP), https://doi.org/10.25845/5cc64f29b35a1, accessed 22-Jul-2020.

The Great Barrier Reef, AustraliaCentre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research (TropWATER), James Cook University, Cairns McKenzie et al.

McKenzie, L. J., Yoshida, R. L., Grech, A., & Coles, R. (2014). Composite of coastal seagrass meadows in Queensland, Australia - November 1984 to June 2010 PANGAEA. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.826368

The Great Barrier Reef, AustraliaARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaAndrew Hoey

Project: Coral Reef Health in the Coral Sea Marine Park

Tidore Island, North Maluku ProvinceCRITC-Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Giyanto

Giyanto (2012). Ekosistem pesisir Ternate, Tidore dan Sekitarnya, Provinsi Maluku Utara. CRITC-Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Timor LesteGlobal Change Institute, University of QueenslandCatherine Kim

CJS Kim (2020) Drivers of benthic composition, cryptic marine biodiversity, and coral health in Timor-Leste [Unpublished Doctoral thesis]. The University of Queensland.  With thanks to the Timor-Leste Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries.

Timor LesteSeagrass-WatchHouse et al

House, Jennifer E; Magno, Xisto; Monteiro, Jose; Lopes, Julio; de Araujo, Simão; Mendes, R; Gomes, Jemima; Joaquim, Dina; Piludu, Nicola; McKenzie, Len J (2020): Seagrass community data derived from field surveys at Atauro Island and north coast Timor-Leste, conducted April 2017 to June 2018. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.912824

Timor SeaSeaMap Australia: University of TasmaniaVanessa Lucieer, Peter Walsh, Emma Flukes, Claire Butler, Roger Proctor, Craig Johnson

Lucieer, V., Walsh, P., Flukes, E., Butler, C., Proctor, R. & Johnson, C. (2017). Seamap Australia - a national seafloor habitat classification scheme. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), University of Tasmania (UTAS).

Togean and Banggai Islands, SulawesiConservation International Center for Applied Biodiversity Science Department of Conservation BiologyAllen and McKenna

Allen, G. R., & McKenna, S. A. (2001). A marine rapid assessment of the Togean and Banggai Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 20. Conservation International. Washington, DC.

TongaJames Cook UniversityPatrick Smallhorn-West

Smallhorn-West P. F., Malimali S., Halafihi T., Stone K., Ceccarelli D., Bridge T., Pressey R., Jones G. Kingdom of Tonga coral reef outlook report. Tonga. 2016-2020. James Cook University and the Australian Research Council Centre for Excellence in Coral Reef Studies.

Torres Strait, AustraliaJames Cook UniversityJames Cook University

James Cook University (2014). Torres Strait Seagrass Mapping Consolidation. Data accessed at http://metadata.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=e7ea913e-2528-4ece-847c-a25722e11c1 on 22-Jul-2020.

Torres Strait, AustraliaSeaMap Australia: University of TasmaniaLucleer et al.

Lucieer, V., Walsh, P., Flukes, E., Butler, C., Proctor, R. & Johnson, C. (2017). Seamap Australia - a national seafloor habitat classification scheme. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), University of Tasmania (UTAS). 

Torres Strait, AustraliaTropWATER, James Cook UniversityAlexandra Carter, Michael Rasheed

Carter, A. B., & Rasheed, M. A. (2016). Benthic survey of Dugong and Turtle seagrass habitats in the North-West Torres Strait for November 2015 and January 2016 (NESP TWQ 3.5, TropWATER, JCU) eAtlas. https://eatlas.org.au/data/uuid/034ce816-0777-4bbd-aefc-8b73bd540245

Unggeh Island, Central Tapanuli RegencyDepartment of Aquatic Resources Management, Universitas Sumatera Utara, IndonesiaHarahap et al.

Harahap, Z. A., Gea, Y. H., & Susetya, I. E. (2019). Relationship between coral reef ecosystem and coral fish communities in Unggeh Island Central Tapanuli Regency. In (Vol. 260, pp. 012113). http://doi:10.1088/1755-1315/260/1/012113

VanuatuC2O PacificJohanna Johnson

Vanuatu data provided by C2O Pacific –Johanna Johnson, Eryn Hooper, Sarah Dwyer and David Welch – with surveys conducted under the SPC RESCCUE project funded by AFD and FFEM, and the PEBACC project funded by SPREP.

Wakatobi, SE Sulawesi ProvinceCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Budiyanto

Budiyanto, S. A. (2008). Studi Baseline Terumbu Karang Di Lokasi Dpl Kabupaten Wakatobi. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

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