Attributions

We gratefully acknowledge the many organizations, institutions, and individuals who have collected and/or provided data products to help support the development of the Allen Coral Atlas. The analysis and interpretations presented are solely those of the Atlas mapping team. We regret any errors or omissions; please send corrections to: corrections@allencoralatlas.org.

Geographical AreaInstitutionContributorReference
American SamoaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

American SamoaBangor UniversityAdel Heenan

Heenan, A., Williams, I., Acoba, T. et al. Long-term monitoring of coral reef fish assemblages in the Western central pacific. Sci Data 4, 170176 (2017) doi:10.1038/sdata.2017.176.

Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2019: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Reef Fish, including Benthic Estimate Data of the Hawaiian Archipelago since 2013 from 2010-06-15 to 2010-08-15. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/24447.

These data were collected as part of the NOAA Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program, supported by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program

American SamoaNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)NOAA PIFSC

NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Ecosystem Sciences Division (2018). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Towed-diver surveys of benthic habitats, key benthic species, and marine debris of American Samoa. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.7289/v59g5k30. August 26 2019.

American SamoaUniversity of GuamPeter Houk

Comeros-Raynal, M.T., Lawrence, A., Sudek, M. et al. Coral Reefs (2019) 38: 505. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-019-01806-8

Andaman Islands and ThailandMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD/UR 128, Centre de Nouméa).Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

AnguillaReef Check Dr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Antigua and BarbudaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Australia - Cocos (Keeling) IslandsMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

Australia - Cocos (Keeling) IslandsSchool of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, AustraliaDr. Sarah Hamylton

Hamylton, S. M., & Mallela, J. (2019). Reef development on a remote coral atoll before and after coral bleaching: A geospatial assessment. Marine Geology, 418, 106041. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2019.106041 

Australia - Darwin, Western AustraliaGeo OceansGeo Oceans

Geo Oceans (2011). Technical Appendix S6 Ichthys Gas Field Development Project: Benthic Habitat Mapping of the Darwin Region - Methods of data collection, collation and map production, INPEX Document No. C036-AH-REP-0121, geo oceans innovation in marine science. 

Australia - Heron Reef, Great Barrier ReefRemote Sensing Research Centre, University of Queensland, AustraliaDr Chris Roelfsema, Prof. Stuart Phinn

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

Australia - Kimberley, Western AustraliaWestern Australian Marine Science Institution (WAMSI)Dr. Andrew Heyward, Dr. Karen Miller, Dr. Jane Fromont, Dr. John Keesing, Dr. Iain Parnum

Heyward, A., Miller, K., Fromont, J., Keesing, J. & Parnum, I. (Eds.) (2018). Kimberley Benthic Biodiversity SynthesisReport of Project 1.1.1 prepared for the Kimberley Marine Research Program, Western Australian Marine Science Institution, Perth, Western Australia, 57pp.

Australia - Kimberley, Western AustraliaNorthern Development Taskforce (NDT)Gary Fry, Andrew Heyward, Ian McLeod

Fry, G., Heyward, A. & McLeod, I. (2008). Benthic habitat surveys of potential LNG hub locations in the Kimberley region: Node 1 Project 1.3. Preliminary Report.

Australia - Kimberley, Western AustraliaWestern Australian Marine Science Institution (WAMSI)Prof. Lindsay B Collins, Alexandra Stevens, Dr. Mick O’Leary, Dr. Giada Bufarale, Dr. Moataz Kordi, Dr. Tubagus Solihuddin

Collins, L. B., Stevens, A., O’Leary, M., Bufarale G., Kordi, M. & Solihuddin, T. (2015). Final Report of Project 1.3.1 of the Kimberley Marine Research Program Node of the Western Australian Marine Science Institution, WAMSI, Perth, Western Australia, 246pp.  Data sourced from Western Australian Marine Science Institution (WAMSI) project funded by Western Australian State Government and research partners and carried out by Collins et al from Curtin University Australia.

Australia - Kimberley, Western AustraliaDepartment of Biodiversity Conservation and Attractions, Western Australia.Thomas Holmes, Claire Ross, Richard Evans, Molly Moustaka, William Robbins, Ellen D’Cruz

Holmes, T., Ross, C., Evans, R., Moustaka, M., Robbins, W. & D'Cruz, E. Contribution of unpublished data 2020: Ecological monitoring in the Kimberley marine reserves, Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Perth.

Australia - Kimberley, Western AustraliaWestern Australian MuseumDr. Zoe Richards, Dr. Monika Bryce, Clay Bryce

Richards, Z., Bryce, M., & Bryce, C. (2018). The composition and structure of shallow benthic reef communities in the Kimberley, north-west Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement, 85(1). https://doi.org/10.18195/issn.0313-122x.85.2018.075-103

Australia - Kimberley, Western Australia Department of Environment and Conservation, Northern Development TaskforceMarine Ecosystems Branch

Department of Environment and Conservation (2008). Preliminary reconnaissance survey of benthic habitats in the Anjo Peninsula area, Kimberley Bioregion, Western Australia. Report to the Northern Development Taskforce, Department of Industry and Resources. Department of Environment and Conservation, Perth, WA, October 2008

Australia - Lady Musgrave Island, southern Great Barrier ReefSchool of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, GeoCoastal Research Group, University of Sydney and School of Geography, University of Queensland, AustraliaHamylton et al.

Hamylton, S. M., Carvalho, R. C., Duce, S., Roelfsema, C. M., & Vila‐Concejo, A. (2016). Linking pattern to process in reef sediment dynamics at Lady Musgrave Island, southern Great Barrier Reef. Sedimentology, 63(6), 1634-1650.

Australia - Ningaloo, Western AustraliaThe Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), AustraliaDamian Thomson

Monitoring data collected through the Ningaloo Outlook Program 2015-2018

Australia - Orman Reefs, Torres StraitTropWATER, James Cook UniversityDr. Alexandra Carter, Dr. Michael Rasheed

Carter, A. B., & Rasheed, M. A. (2018). Seagrass baseline survey for Orman Reef, Torres Strait, 2017 (TropWATER, JCU) eAtlas. https://eatlas.org.au/data/uuid/30c80ed2-f506-4e37-9d02-83279642fd6d, https://researchdata.edu.au/seagrass-baseline-survey-tropwater-jcu

Australia - Orman Reefs, Torres StraitTropWATER, James Cook UniversityDr. Alexandra Carter, Juliette Wilkinson

Carter, A. B., Mellors, J. M., Reason, C., & Rasheed, M. A. (2019). Torres Strait Seagrass 2019 Report Card. Centre for Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research Publication 19/16, James Cook University, Cairns. https://eatlas.org.au/data/uuid/ea17c4d1-e984-45a8-b3c2-395ebcf436a7?_ga=2.88252626.814965081.1599606386-18792116.1549245104

Australia - Orman Reefs, Torres Strait TropWATER, James Cook UniversityDr. Alexandra Carter, Carissa Reason

Carter, A. B., Mellors, J. M., Reason, C., & Rasheed, M. A. (2019). Torres Strait Seagrass 2019 Report Card. Centre for Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research Publication 19/16, James Cook University, Cairns. https://eatlas.org.au/data/uuid/29a19cf3-3975-4b82-baae-92024a2f2425

Australia - The Great Barrier ReefRemote Sensing Research Center, University of Queensland, AustraliaDr. Chris Roelfsema, Dr. Eva Kovacs, Kathryn Markey, Prof. Stuart Phinn

Roelfsema, C. M., Kovacs, E. M., Markey, K. & Phinn, S. R. (2018). Benthic and substrate cover data derived from field photo-transect surveys for the Cairns to Cooktown management region of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), January and April/May 2017. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.892623

Roelfsema, C. M., Kovacs, E. M., Markey, K. & Phinn, S. R. (2018): Benthic and substrate cover data derived from field photo-transect surveys for the Far Northern management region of the Great Barrier Reef. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.891736

Roelfsema, C. M., Kovacs, E. M., Stetner, D. & Phinn, S. R. (2018): Georeferenced benthic photoquadrats captured annually from 2002-2017, distributed over Heron Reef flat and slope areas. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.894801

Australia - The Great Barrier ReefJames Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaWilliamson et al. (2014)

Williamson, D., Russ. G., Evans, R., Ceccarelli, D., Willis, B., & Lamb, J. (2014). Benthic cover and fish density on fringing reefs of inshore island groups of the GBR, 1999 – 2014 (NERP 8.2, JCU) eAtlas. http://eatlas.org.au/pydio/data/public/833ece.php

Australia - The Great Barrier ReefTropWATER Seagrass Group, James Cook University and The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)Coles et al.

Coles, R., Carter, A., McKenna, S., Rasheed, M. & McKenzie, L. (2016). Collation of spatial seagrass data (meadow extent polygons, species presence/absence points) from 1984 - 2014 for the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (GBRWHA) (NESP TWQ 3.1, TropWATER, JCU). eAtlas.dataset. https://eatlas.org.au/data/uuid/77998615-bbab-4270-bcb1-96c46f56f85a https://metadata.imas.utas.edu.au:443/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=77998615-bbab-4270-bcb1-96c46f56f85a

Australia - The Great Barrier ReefAustralian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)Angus Thompson

Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS). (2014). Reef Plan monitoring of inshore coral reef communities, Great Barrier Reef (RRMMP), https://doi.org/10.25845/5cc64f29b35a1, accessed 22-Jul-2020.

Australia - The Great Barrier ReefCentre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research (TropWATER), James Cook University, Cairns McKenzie et al.

McKenzie, L. J., Yoshida, R. L., Grech, A., & Coles, R. (2014). Composite of coastal seagrass meadows in Queensland, Australia - November 1984 to June 2010 PANGAEA. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.826368

Australia - The Great Barrier ReefARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaProf. Andrew Hoey

Project: Coral Reef Health in the Coral Sea Marine Park

Australia - The Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait, Western AustraliaReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

Australia - Torres StraitJames Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaJames Cook University

James Cook University (2014). Torres Strait Seagrass Mapping Consolidation. Data accessed at http://metadata.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=e7ea913e-2528-4ece-847c-a25722e11c1 on 22-Jul-2020.

Australia - Torres StraitSeaMap Australia: University of TasmaniaDr. Vanessa Lucieer, Peter Walsh, Dr. Emma Flukes, Claire Butler, Dr. Roger Proctor, Prof. Craig Johnson

Lucieer, V., Walsh, P., Flukes, E., Butler, C., Proctor, R. & Johnson, C. (2017). Seamap Australia - a national seafloor habitat classification scheme. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), University of Tasmania (UTAS). 

Australia - Torres StraitTropWATER, James Cook UniversityDr. Alexandra Carter, Dr. Michael Rasheed

Carter, A. B., & Rasheed, M. A. (2016). Benthic survey of Dugong and Turtle seagrass habitats in the North-West Torres Strait for November 2015 and January 2016 (NESP TWQ 3.5, TropWATER, JCU) eAtlas. https://eatlas.org.au/data/uuid/034ce816-0777-4bbd-aefc-8b73bd540245

Australia - Western AustraliaWestern Australian MuseumWestern Australian Museum

Western Australian Museum; Marine Invertebrates Collection, Comprising approximately 63,000 specimens, covering eleven different phyla.  Accessed under Creative Commons licence: http://data.museum.wa.gov.au/dataset/aquatic-zoology/resource/a404095c-f5c2-437b-a658-d46e48bcd6cc

Australia - Western AustraliaGlobal Change Institute/Biophysical Remote Sensing Group - The University of Queensland (UQ) ; Queensland University of Technology (QUT) ; Edith Cowan University (ECU) ; The University of Adelaide ; Department of Water (DoW), Western Australian Government ; School of Biological Sciences (SBS), The University of Western Australia (UWA) ; The University of Queensland (UQ) ; Office of Environment and Heritage (OEH), New South Wales Government ; Department of Primary Industries (DPI), New South Wales GovernmentCanto et al.

Canto, R., Udy, J., McMahon, K., Waycott, M., Kilminster, K., Kendrick, G., Roelfsema, C., Scanes, P., & West, G. (2014). Western Australia Seagrass Habitat Map.

Australia - Western AustraliaAustralian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)Katharina Fabricius

Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) - Surveys of Octocorals in the Rowley Shoals Marine Park and the Mermaid Reef National Marine Nature Reserve, Western Australia (2007)

Australia - Western AustraliaSeaMap Australia: University of TasmaniaDr. Vanessa Lucieer, Peter Walsh, Dr. Emma Flukes, Claire Butler, Dr. Roger Proctor, Prof. Craig Johnson

Lucieer, V., Walsh, P., Flukes, E., Butler, C., Proctor, R. & Johnson, C. (2017). Seamap Australia - a national seafloor habitat classification scheme. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), University of Tasmania (UTAS). 

Australia - Western AustraliaDepartment of Biodiversity Conservation and Attractions, Western Australia. Thomas Holmes, Claire Ross, Richard Evans, Molly Moustaka, William Robbins, Ellen D’Cruz

Holmes, T., Ross, C., Evans, R., Moustaka, M., Robbins, W. & D'Cruz, E. Contribution of unpublished data 2020: Ecological monitoring in the Kimberley marine reserves, Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Perth.

Australia - Western AustraliaThe Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), AustraliaHalina T. Kobryn

Kobryn, H. T., Wouters, K., Beckley, L. E., & Heege, T. (2013). Ningaloo reef: shallow marine habitats mapped using a hyperspectral sensor. PLoS One, 8(7), e70105. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0070105 

Australia - Western Australia, The Great Barrier Reef and Torres StraitReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

BahamasReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection.

BangladeshReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

BarbadosReef Check Dr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

BelizeReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

BelizeArizona State University (ASU) Center for Global Discovery and Conservation Science, Hawaii; University of Queensland (UQ) Remote Sensing Research Centre, AustraliaProf. Greg Asner; Dr. Chris Roelfsema, Prof. Stuart Phinn

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

Belize - Southwater Caye, Glovers AtollWildlife Conservation Society Dr. Emily Darling, Myles Phillips

Ground truth data collected by WCS team for the Allen Coral Atlas

Belize - Yucatan PeninsulaWildlife Conservation Society – Belize ProgramDr. Emily Darling, Myles Phillips

WCS Belize. 2015-2020. Large Atoll Monitoring Program (LAMP) Reef Survey Data.

Bonaparte Coast and Gulf of Carpentaria Reef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G. J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020]. Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

British Virgin IslandsReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

CambodiaFauna & Flora InternationalAndy Cameron, Indra, Rakhmat Dirgantara, Henry Duffy

These data were contributed by Fauna & Flora International.

CambodiaMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

CaribbeanAtlantic and Gulf Rapid Reefs Assessment (AGRRA)Patricia Perigee, Dr. Judith Lang

These data were kindly contributed by AGRRA. The AGRRA data collection is made possible by their contributing partners including (but not limited to) Healthy Reefs Initiative, Living Oceans Foundation and Perry Institute of Marine Science.

AGRRA (2017). Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment (AGRRA): An online database of AGRRA.

CaribbeanThe Nature ConservancyDr. Steven R. Schill, F. Joseph Pollock, Valerie Pietsch McNulty, Ximena Escovar-Fadul

Schill, S. R., Pollock, F. J., Lüthje, F., McNulty, V. P., Li, J., Knapp, D. E., Kington, J., McDonald, T., Raber, G., Escovar-Fadul, X., & Asner, G. P. (2019). Regional benthic habitat maps from Planetscope imagery for conservation decision-making and marine planning. Remote Sensing, in prep. https://tnc.maps.arcgis.com/home/index.html

Caribbean Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Assessment (AGGRA) Patricia Perigee, Dr. Judith Lang

AGRRA (2017). Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment (AGRRA): An online database of AGRRA

Chagos ArchipelagoMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

Colombia - Barú- CartagenaECORAL S.A.SMilena Marrugo, Dr. Elvira Alvarado- Chacón

Composition, structure and status of the coral reef community benthic. (2014). In thechnical report: Current health status of the benthonic sessile community of the shallow reefs of Barú-Argos and Los Corales del Rosario and San Bernardo Nacional Natural Park, colombian Caribbean. ECORAL S.A.S. 397 p. 

Colombia - Caribbean and Pacific reefsReef Check Dr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Colombia - Gorgona IslandJosé Benito Vives de Andréis Marine and Coastal Research Institute (INVEMAR) Santiago Millan Cortes

Georeferenced photo transects collected by INVEMAR 2012

Colombia - Gorgona IslandUniversidad del Valle and Universidad Javeriana (Cali)Coral Reef Ecology ResearchGroup, led by Prof. Fernando A. Zapata and Dr. Mateo López-Victoria

Rodríguez-Moreno, M., M. López-Victoria & J.F. Rivera-Cifuentes. 2020. Informe de monitoreo de arrecifes coralinos del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona 2020. Unpublished technical report. Coral Reef Ecology Research Group, Universidad del Valle and Universidad Javeriana, Cali, Colombia. 21 p

Colombia - Gorgona IslandGrupo de Ecología de Arrecifes Coralinos - Universidad del Valle (Cali, Colombia)Dr. Carlos G. Muñoz, Prof. Fernando A. Zapata
Colombia - Islas de Providencia y Santa CatalinaUniversidad de Costa Rica, San PedroJ. Katherine Bernal-Sotelo

Bernal-Sotelo, J. K. (2015). Cambio Espacio-Temporal (2000-2012) del Complejo Arrecifal de las Islas de Providencia y Santa Catalina, Caribe colombiano. M.Sc. thesis, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Pedro.

Colombia - La GuajiraJosé Benito Vives de Andréis Marine and Coastal Research Institute (INVEMAR)Millan et al. (2016)

Millán, S., Bolaños, J. A., Valencia, C. G., & López, D. I. G. (2016). Teledetección aplicada al reconocimiento de praderas de pastos marinos en ambientes de baja visibilidad: La Guajira, Colombia. Boletín de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras, 45(2).

Colombia - Oceanic and continental ReefsJosé Benito Vives de Andréis Marine and Coastal Research Institute (INVEMAR)Díaz et al. (2000)

Díaz, J., L. Barrios, M. Cendales, J. Garzón-Ferreira, J. Geister, M. López-Victoria, G. Ospina, F. Parra-Velandia, J. Pinzón., B. Vargas-Ángel, F. Zapata y S. Zea. 2000. Áreas coralinas de Colombia. INVEMAR, Serie Publicaciones Especiales No. 5, Santa Marta. 176pp.
 
 En: Atlas de Areas Coralinas de Colombia Fase II (WFS). https://areas-coralinas-de-colombia-invemar.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/atlas-de-areas-coralinas-de-colombia-fase-ii-wfs

Colombia - Oceanic Caribbean reefsJosé Benito Vives de Andréis Marine and Coastal Research Institute (INVEMAR)Millán & García- Valencia (2021)

Millan, S y García-Valencia. C. (2021). Delimitación ecológica de fondos someros para los atolones Serrana, Roncador y Quitasueño de la Reserva  de la Biosfera Seaflower, Caribe colombiano. Boletín de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras, 50 (in press).
 
En: Atlas de Areas Coralinas de Colombia Fase II (WFS). https://areas-coralinas-de-colombia-invemar.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/atlas-de-areas-coralinas-de-colombia-fase-ii-wfs

Colombia - Oceanic Caribbean ReefsJosé Benito Vives de Andréis Marine and Coastal Research Institute (INVEMAR)INVEMAR-ANH (2012)

INVEMAR – ANH. 2012. Línea base ambiental en el Área de Régimen Común Jamaica – Colombia como aporte al aprovechamiento sostenible de los recursos marinos compartidos.
 
 En: Atlas de Areas Coralinas de Colombia Fase II (WFS). https://areas-coralinas-de-colombia-invemar.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/atlas-de-areas-coralinas-de-colombia-fase-ii-wfs

Colombia - Pacific and Caribbean reefsReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

Colombia - Varadero, Arena, San AndrésJosé Benito Vives de Andréis Marine and Coastal Research Institute (INVEMAR)Millán et al. (2018), Sierra - Esgrijas et al. (2020), Millán et al. (2018b)

1. Millán, S., Morales, D., Rincón, N., Mejía, K., Chasqui,  L., Ricaurte, C., Bejarano,  M., Briseño, F. & Alonso, D. (2018). Convenio Interadministrativo No. 659 de 2017. Anexo 2.5.1. Cartografía de hábitats bentónicos de los ecosistemas marinos en el sector de Varadero y norte de Barú, bahía de Cartagena. ITF. 73 p.
2. Sierra-Escrigas, S. L., Peluffo, D. R. P. & García-Urueña, R. (2020) Shallow coral reef community mapping and update on its ecological units using aerial images at Isla Arena, Colombian Caribbean, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 41:21, 8198-8215.
3. Millán, S., Navas-Camacho, R.,  Acosta, A., González, D. & Sánchez, L. (2018 b). Complementar y generar los mapas de ecosistemas coralinos de San Andrés (complemento del convenio 007-17). En: Levantamiento de información biofísica marino costera para la gestión ambiental del Departamento Archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina CORALINA. Convenio Especial de Cooperación No. 002 de 2018 ITF. INVEMAR-CORALINA, Santa Marta. 318 p.
 
 En: Atlas de Areas Coralinas de Colombia Fase II (WFS). https://areas-coralinas-de-colombia-invemar.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/atlas-de-areas-coralinas-de-colombia-fase-ii-wfs

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI)Division of Coastal Resources Management (DCRM)Dave Benavente, Denise Perez

CNMI Long-term Marine Monitoring Program from 2015-2019. (2019) Division of Coastal Resources Management. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Bureau of Environmental and Coastal Quality. [12 December 2019].

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI)Division of Coastal Resources Management (DCRM)Denise Perez

Perez, D. I. (2019). Mapping Coral Reef Primary Production and Calcification from a Light-Use-Efficiency Model with In-Situ and Remotely Sensed Data. PhD Dissertation, The University of Queensland.

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI)National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Dave Benavente

Johnston, Lyza; Okano, Ryan; Benavente, David; Johnson, Steven; Camacho, Rodney; Houk, Peter; Castro, Frances (2015). Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) long-term coral reef monitoring from 2011-10-01 to 2014-09-30 (NCEI Accession 0129268). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0129268. November 7 2019.

ComorosCoastal Oceans Research and Development – Indian Ocean (CORDIO) East AfricaMelita Samoilys

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

ComorosPortland State UniversitySarah Freed

Sarah Freed & Elise F. Granek (2014) Effects of Human Activities on the World's Most Vulnerable Coral Reefs: Comoros Case Study, Coastal Management, 42:3, 280-296, DOI: 10.1080/08920753.2014.904261

ComorosAIDE ComorosMmadi Ahamada, Nassur Ahamada Mdroimana, Rachad Mourid, Zamil Mannfou, Jaffar Mouhidine, Adfaon Mchinda, Mouchtadi Madi Bounou

Mishal Gudka, David Obura, Jelvas Mwaura, Sean Porter, Saleh Yahya and Randall Mabwa (2018). Comoros chapter in Impact of the 3rd Global Coral Bleaching Event on the Western Indian Ocean in 2016. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRMN)/Indian Ocean Commission. pp. 67 doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.32306.71365

ComorosCoastal Oceans Research and Development – Indian Ocean (CORDIO) East AfricaDavid Obura

Osuka, K., Kochzius, M., Vanreusel, A., Obura, D. and Samoilys, M., 2016. Linkage between fish functional groups and coral reef benthic habitat composition in the Western Indian Ocean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 98(2), pp.387-400.

ComorosCORDIOMishal Gudka, David Obura, Benjamin Cowburn, Juliet Furaha and Peter Musembi

Cowburn, Benjamin & Samoilys, Melita & Obura, David. (2018). The current status of coral reefs and their vulnerability to climate change and multiple human stresses in the Comoros Archipelago, Western Indian Ocean. Marine pollution bulletin. 133. 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.04.065.

Cook IslandsReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

Cook IslandsReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Cook Islands Remote Sensing Research Centre, University of Queensland, AustraliaDr Chris Roelfsema

Sharma, A., Kruger, J., Kumar, S., Roelfsema, C. M., Leiper, I. A., Phinn, S. R., George, N. & Story, R. (2009). Habitat Mapping of Aitutaki, Cook Islands. Pacific Islands GIS & RS News, 19-20.

Cook Islands - MuriLagoon, RarotongaSecretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Applied Geoscience and Technology Division (SOPAC),and the Ministry of Marine Resources, Government of the CookIslandsSPC, SOPAC, Government of the CookIslands

Kruger, J (2011) Cook Islands Muri Lagoon Marine Bethic Habitat Map, Dataset and Photos, Ocean and Islands Programme, Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) Applied Geoscience and Technology Division (SOPAC):  https://pacificdata.org/data/dataset/cook-islands-muri-lagoon-2011-marine-bethic-habitat-map-dataset-photos

Coral SeaMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

Coral SeaMarine Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Fisheries, Ecologie et Modèles pour l’Halieutique (EMH) IFREMERDominique Pelletier

Pelletier, D., Selmaoui‐Folcher, N., Bockel, T., & Schohn, T. (2020). A regionally scalable habitat typology for assessing benthic habitats and fish communities: Application to New Caledonia reefs and lagoons. Ecology and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6405

Coral SeaMarine Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Fisheries, Ecologie et Modèles pour l’Halieutique (EMH) IFREMERDominique Pelletier

Pelletier, D., Selmaoui‐Folcher, N., Bockel, T., & Schohn, T. (2020). A regionally scalable habitat typology for assessing benthic habitats and fish communities: Application to New Caledonia reefs and lagoons. Ecology and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6405

Coral SeaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Coral SeaReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014)

Coral SeaARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaProf. Andrew Hoey

Project: Coral Reef Health in the Coral Sea Marine Park

Coral SeaRemote Sensing Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, AustraliaDr. Chris Roelfsema, Dr. Emma Kennedy, Dr. Alexandra Ordonez-Alvarez, Paul Tudman

Ground truth data collected by the UQ mapping team for the Allen Coral Atlas

Coral TriangleFaculty of Biological Sciences, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UKDr. Maria Beger

Vercammen, A., McGowan, J., Knight, A. T., Pardede, S., Muttaqin, E., Harris, J., Ahmadia, G., Estradivari, Dallison, T., Selig, E., & Beger, M. (2019). Evaluating the impact of accounting for coral cover in large-scale marine conservation prioritizations. Diversity and Distributions, 25(10), 1564-1574. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12957 

Coral TriangleFaculty of Biological Sciences, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UKMaria Beger

Vercammen, A., McGowan, J., Knight, A. T., Pardede, S., Muttaqin, E., Harris, J., Ahmadia, G., Estradivari, Dallison, T., Selig, E., & Beger, M. (2019). Evaluating the impact of accounting for coral cover in large-scale marine conservation prioritizations. Diversity and Distributions, 25(10), 1564-1574. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12957

Costa RicaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Costa RicaWildlife Conservation Association Dr. Vanessa Bézy

Ground truth data collected by Wildlife Conservation Association for the Allen Coral Atlas

Costa Rica Reef Life Surveys Prof. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

CubaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

CubaWildlife Conservation Society Cuba Program; Fundacion Antonio Núñez Jiménez de la Naturaleza y el Hombre; Empresa Nacional para la Proteccion de la Flora y la FaunaReynaldo Estrada, Natalia Rossi, Mirza Pérez Posada

These data were collected as part of the Allen Coral Atlas's partnership with the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

CuraçaoUC San Diego, Waitt Institute, Caribbean Research and Management of Biodiversity (CARMABI)100 Island Challenge, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Waitt Institute, Caribbean Research and Management of Biodiversity (CARMABI)

Ground truthing data collected for 100 Island Challenge project

Djibouti Reef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Djibouti CORDIO East Africa, Cousteau SocietyDavid Obura, Mishal Gudka

Cowburn, B., Samoilys, M. A., Osuka, K., Klaus, R., Newman, C., Gudka, M., & Obura, D. (2019). Healthy and diverse coral reefs in Djibouti–A resilient reef system or few anthropogenic threats?. Marine pollution bulletin, 148, 182-193.

DominicaThe Nature Conservancy and BYU Geospatial Habitat Analysis Lab; funded by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear SafetyDr. Steven R. Schill and Mr. Ryan J. Shields

Ryan J. Shields, Steven R. Schill, Steven L. Petersen & Samuel B. St Clair (2020). Dominica After Maria: Assessing changes to benthic habitats after the 2017 hurricane season. [Poster presentation]. The 6th International Marine Conservation Congress. Kiel, Germany.

Dominican RepublicReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Ecuador Reef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

EgyptZoology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar UniversityH Abo Elenin, A. et al. (2020)

H Abo Elenin, A., A Saber, S., B El-Kafrawy, S., & A El-Naggar, H. (2020). An Integrated Field Survey and Remote Sensing Approach for Marine Habitat Mapping Along Hurghada Coast, Red Sea, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, 24(7-Special issue), 287-306.

EgyptReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

EgyptReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

EritreaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

FijiReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

FijiUSP; WWF-FijiMoses Mataika, George Naboutuiloma, Janice Taga

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

FijiWildlife Conservation Society (WCS)Dr. Emily Darling, Yashika Nand, Dr. Sangeeta Mangubhai

These data were collected as part of the Allen Coral Atlas's partnership with the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies Vibrant Oceans partnership, Blue Action Fund, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

French PolynesiaNational Geographic SocietyBrianna Bambic

Ground truth data collected by the National Geographic Society team for the Allen Coral Atlas

French PolynesiaKhaled bin Sultan Living Oceans FoundationDr. Sam Purkis

We owe a debt of gratitude to the host nations of the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Global Reef Expedition who not only permitted our team to work in their countries, but also provided both logistical and scientific support. We are similarly indebted to the crew of the M/Y Golden Shadow, through the generosity of HRH Prince Khaled bin Sultan, for their inexhaustible help in the field. The project would have been impossible without the 200 scientists who participated in the Global Reef Expedition

French PolynesiaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

French Polynesia Reef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

French Polynesia - Aratika, Bora Bora, Mangareva, Marutea sud, Mataiva, Mopelia, Nengo Nengo, Nuku Hiva, Raiatea, Rangiroa, SCilly, Tahiti, Tetiaroa, takapoto, Tikehau, Tubuai Kiribati - Christmas Island Pitcairn Islands Cook Islands - RarotongaService National D’Observation CORAIL (SNO CORAIL), Centre de Recherches Insulaires et Observatoire de l’Environnement (CRIOBE)Dr. Serge Planes

Service National d'Observation CORAIL from CRIOBE kindly provided the data
http://observatoire.criobe.pf/wiki/tiki-index.php?page=Welcome&no_bl=y

French Polynesia - Mo'oreaService National D’Observation CORAIL (SNO CORAIL), Centre de Recherches Insulaires et Observatoire de l’Environnement (CRIOBE)Dr. Serge Planes

Service d'Observation CORAIL from CRIOBE kindly provided the data. We are grateful to Serge Planes (CRIOBE - SO CORAIL), Antoine Collin (LETG), and all technicians (Yannick Chancerelle, Gilles Siu, Benoit Espiau, Franck Lerouvreur and Vetea Liao) from the CRIOBE field station who contributed in performing Moorea's reefs mapping.

French Polynesia - Mo'oreaGUMP research station, University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)Prof. Peter Edmunds, Dr. Andrew J. Brooks

Funding for Moorea Coral Reef (MCR) data and other materials was provided by the U.S. National Science Foundation under Grant No. OCE 16-37396 (and earlier awards) as well as a generous gift from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Research was completed under permits issued by the French Polynesian Government (Délégation à la Recherche) and the Haut-commissariat de la République en Polynésie Francaise (DTRT) (Protocole d'Accueil 2005-2018).

French Polynesia - Mo'oreaRemote Sensing Research Centre, Univeristy of Queensland, Australia Dr. Chris Roelfsema, Prof. Stuart Phinn

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

French Polynesia - Raiatea Te Miti e Te FenuaYasmina Moisset

Reef Check monitoring data

French Polynesia - Tuamotus, Society IslandsMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD/UR 128, Centre de Nouméa).Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

GlobalUNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEPWCMC)UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEPWCMC)

Giri C, Ochieng E, Tieszen LL, Zhu Z, Singh A, Loveland T, Masek J, Duke N (2011). Status and distribution of mangrove forests of the world using earth observation satellite data (version 1.4, updated by UNEP-WCMC). Global Ecology and Biogeography 20: 154-159. Paper DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00584.x . Data DOI: https://doi.org/10.34892/1411-w728 . https://data.unep-wcmc.org/datasets/4

GlobalUN Environment World Conservation Monitoring CentreUN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre in collaboration with many collaborators (e.g. Frederick Short of the University of New Hampshire), organisations (e.g. OSPAR), and projects (e.g. the European project Mediterranean Sensitive Habitats “Mediseh”) across the globe.

UNEP-WCMC, Short FT (2021). Global distribution of seagrasses (version 7.1). Seventh update to the data layer used in Green and Short (2003). Cambridge (UK): UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Data DOI: https://doi.org/10.34892/x6r3-d211

Green EP, Short FT (2003). World atlas of seagrasses. Prepared by UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Berkeley (California, USA): University of California. 332 pp. URL: https://archive.org/details/worldatlasofseag03gree

Belluscio A, Panayiotidis P, Gristina M, Knittweis L, Pace ML, Telesca L, Criscoli A, Apostolaki ET, Gerakaris V, Fraschetti S, Spedicato MT, Lembo G, Salomidi M, Mifsud R, Fabi G, Badalamenti F, Garofalo G, Alagna A, Ardizzone GD, Martin CS, Valavanis V (2013). Task 1.1. Seagrass beds distribution along the Mediterranean coasts. In: Mediterranean Sensitive Habitats (MEDISEH), final project report (Eds. M Giannoulaki, A Belluscio, F Colloca, S Fraschetti, M Scardi, C Smith, P Panayotidis, V Valavanis, MT Spedicato). DG – MARE, specific contract SI2.600741. Heraklion (Greece): Hellenic Centre for Marine Research. 557 pp. URL: http://mareaproject.net/download/71

Telesca L, Belluscio A, Criscoli A, Ardizzone G, Apostolaki ET, Fraschetti S, Gristina M, Knittweis L, Martin CS, Pergent G, Alagna A, Badalamenti F, Garofalo G, Gerakaris V, Pace ML, Pergent-Martini C, Salomidi M, 2015. Seagrass meadows (Posidonia oceanica) distribution and trajectories of change. Scientific Reports 5: 12505. doi: 10.1038/srep12505

OSPAR Commission. (2015) OSPAR Threatened and/or Declining Habitats 2015. URL: http://www.ospar.org/work-areas/bdc/species-habitats/list-of-threatened-declining-species-habitats. Data URL: http://www.emodnet-seabedhabitats.eu/download.       

https://data.unep-wcmc.org/datasets/7


GlobalUNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEPWCMC), the WorldFish Centre, WRI (World Resources Institute), TNC (The Nature Conservancy)UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEPWCMC) and the WorldFish Centre, in collaboration with WRI (World Resources Institute) and TNC (The Nature Conservancy)

IMaRS-USF (Institute for Marine Remote Sensing-University of South Florida) (2005). Millennium Coral Reef Mapping Project. Unvalidated maps. These maps are unendorsed by IRD, but were further interpreted by UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Cambridge (UK): UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

IMaRS-USF, IRD (Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement) (2005). Millennium Coral Reef Mapping Project. Validated maps. Cambridge (UK): UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Spalding MD, Ravilious C, Green EP (2001). World Atlas of Coral Reefs. Berkeley (California, USA): The University of California Press. 436 pp. https://data.unep-wcmc.org/datasets/1

Global - Australia, Belize, Bermuda, Coral Sea, Chagos Archipelago, Indonesia, Lesser Antilles, Mexico, Maldives, Southern Caribbean, Solomon Islands, Taiwan Global Change Institute, University of Queensland; XL Catlin Seaview SurveyDr. Emma Kennedy, Dr. Manuel González-Rivero, Prof. Ove Hoegh-Guldberg

González-Rivero, M., Rodriguez-Ramirez, A., Beijbom, O., Dalton, P., Kennedy, E. V., Neal, B. P., Vercelloni, J., Bongaerts, P., Ganase, A., Bryant, D. E. P., Brown, K., Kim, C., Radice, V. Z., Lopez-Marcano, S., Dove, S., Bailhache, C., Beyer, H. L. & Hoegh-Guldberg. O. (2019). "Seaview Survey Photo-quadrat and Image Classification Dataset." The University of Queensland. https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:734799

Rodriguez-Ramirez, A., González-Rivero, M., Beijbom, O., Bailhache, C., Bongaerts, P., Brown, K. T., Bryant, D. E. P., Dalton, P., Dove, S., Ganase, A., Kennedy, E. V., Kim, C. J. S., Lopez-Marcano, S., Neal, B. P., Radice, V. Z., Vercelloni, J., Beyer, H. L. & Hoegh-Guldberg, O. 2020. 'A contemporary baseline record of the world’s coral reefs', Scientific Data, 7: 355.

GrenadaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

GuadeloupeReef Check Dr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection.

GuatemalaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Gulf of Carpentaria Reef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection.

Gulf of MannarSuganthi Devadasan Marine Research Institute (SDMRI)Edward Patterson

SDMRI. (2015). Coral reef monitoring in the Gulf of Mannar.

Gulf of MannarSuganthi Devadasan Marine Research Institute (SDMRI)Edward Patterson

SDMRI. (2017). Coral reef monitoring in Palk Bay.

HaitiReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

HondurasReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

HondurasMarine Conservation Program, Smithsonian Marine StationSteven Canty

Satellite Mapping of Morphological and Benthic Habitats for the Honduran North Shore. This study was conducted by Charlotte Purkis for the Marine Conservation Program, and supported by the Summit Foundation.

Honduras - Roatan IslandUniversity of GeorgiaDr Deepak R. Mishra

Mishra, D., Narumalani, S., Rundquist, D., & Lawson, M. (2006). Benthic Habitat Mapping in Tropical Marine Environments Using QuickBird Multispectral Data. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 72, 1037-1048. https://doi.org/10.14358/PERS.72.9.1037 

IndiaGujarat Institute of Desert EcologyPrusty et al. (2017)

Prusty, B. A. K., Chandra, R., & Azeez, P. (2017). Wetland science: perspectives from south Asia: Springer.

IndiaSpatial Informatics, International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT)Teja Kondraju et al. (2014)

Teja Kondraju, T., Mandla, V. R. B., Mahendra, R., & Kumar, T. S. (2014). Evaluation of various image classification techniques on Landsat to identify coral reefs. Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk, 5(2), 173-184. https://doi.org/10.1080/19475705.2013.802748

India Department of Ocean Studies and Marine Biology, Pondicherry UniversityDharanirajan et al. (2010)

Dharanirajan, K., Thanikachalam, M., Gurugnanam, B., Narayanam, R., & Falia, G. C. (2010). Remote Sensing and GIS for the study of coastal ecosystem changes and its conservation. International Journal Earth Science and Engineering, 3, 512-524.

India - Andaman and Nicobar IslandsZoological Survey of IndiaDr Tamal Mondal, Dr C. Raghunathan

These data were contributed by the Zoological Survey of India.

India - Andaman and Nicobar IslandsMinistry of Environment and Forests IndiaPaulose et al. (2013)

Paulose, N. E., Dilipan, E., & Thangaradjou, T. (2013). Integrating Indian remote sensing multi-spectral satellite and field data to estimate seagrass cover change in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Ocean Science Journal, 48(2), 173-181. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12601-013-0014-1

India - Andaman and Nicobar IslandsWildlife Conservation Society, IndiaVardhan Patankar

Patankar, V., Wagh, T., & Marathe, A. (2019). Protected areas and benthic characteristics influence the distribution of the Vulnerable bumphead parrotfish Bolbometopon muricatum in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Oryx, 54(4), 564-571. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0030605318000376

India - Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPondicherry UniversitySavuri Rajan

Savurirajan, M., Equbal, J., Lakra, R. K., Satyam, K., & Thiruchitrambalam, G. (2018). Species diversity and distribution of seagrasses from the South Andaman, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Botanica Marina, 61(3), 225-234. 

India - Andaman IslandsZoological Survey of IndiaTurner et al. (2009)

Turner, J., Vousden, D., Klausi, R., Satyanarayana, C. H., Fenner, D., Venkataraman, K., Rajan, P. T., & Ra, N. V. (2009). Coral Reef Ecosystems of Andaman Islands Remote Sensing and Rapid Site Assessment Survey. 

India - Andaman IslandsIndian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS)Mahendra et al. (2014)

Mahendra, R., Mohanty, P., Bisoyi, H., & Srinivasa, K. (2014). Geospatial assessment of coral and mangrove environs of the Andaman Islands. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 7(1), 275-279.

India - Andaman IslandsBirbal Sahni Institute of PalaeobotanySuman Sarkar, Samir Sarkar

Sarkar, S. & Sarkar, S. (2016). Diversity of corals and benthic algae across the shallow-water reefs of Andaman Islands: managing the valuable ecosystems. Environment, development and sustainability, 18(6), 1801-1814. 

India - Andaman SeaCAMPA-Dugong Project of Wildlife Institute of IndiaSwapnali Gole, Sohini Dudhat, K. Sivakumar, Anant Pande

Gole Swapnali, Dudhat Sohini, Pande Anant & Sivakumar Kuppusamy (2020) seagrass meadow locations dataset for Dugong Recovery Program, CAMPA-Dugong Project, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, India.

India - GoaTechnology for WildlifeShashank Srinivasan

Technology for Wildlife. Coral reef video transects of St. George's Island off the coast of Goa, India

India - Grande Island, GoaCSIR-National Institute of OceanographyAfreen Hussain

Hussain, A., Thomas, L., Nagesh, R., Mote, S., Patil, A., Pujari, L., De, K. & Ingole, B. (2016). Coral reef at risk: anthropogenic stressors in Grande Island, Goa. In:. Paper presented at the Development in Coastal Zones of India - Present Status and Future Need. At CSIR National, Institute of Oceanography, Mumbai.

India - Gulf of KachchhSpace Applications Centre, Indian Space Research OrganisationGujrati et al. (2018)

Arora, M., Gujrati, A., Chaudhury, N. R., & Patel, R. C. (2018). Benthic coverage and bottom topography of coral reef environment over Pirotan reef, Gulf of Kachchh region, India. Geocarto International, 34(10), 1089-1097. https://doi.org/10.1080/10106049.2018.1469678

India - Gulf of KachchhZoological Survey of IndiaKumar et al. (2014)

Kumar, J. S. Y., Marimuthu, N., Geetha, S., Satyanarayana, C., Venkataraman, K., & Kamboj, R. D. (2014). Longitudinal variations of coral reef features in the Marine National Park, Gulf of Kachchh. 18(3), 167-175. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-014-0303-6

India - Gulf of Kachchh, Gulf of Mannar and Pirotan IslandSpace Applications Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad, IndiaBahuguna et al. (2013)

Bahuguna, A., Ray Chaudhury, N., Bhattji, S., Ajai, & Navalgund, R. (2013). Spatial inventory and ecological status of coral reefs of the Central Indian Ocean using Resourcesat-1. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences, 42, 684-696.

India - Gulf of MannarUva Wellassa University, Badulla, Sri LankaNaveenan et al. (2015)

Naveenan, M., Weragodatenna, D., Gunaratne, A., Rathnayake, R., & Jayamanne, S. (2015). Remote Sensing and GIS approach in assessment and conservation of Seaigrass Beds in the coastal stretch along Gulf of Mannar.

India - Gulf of MannarCentre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Annamalai UniversityThangaradjou et al. (2008)

Thangaradjou, T., Sridhar, R., Senthilkumar, S., & Kannan, S. (2008). Seagrass resource assessment in the Mandapam coast of the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 6(1), 139-146.


India - LakshadweepReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

India - LakshadweepMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

India - LakshadweepDepartment of Science and Technology, UT of Lakshadweep, IndiaDr K.K. Idrees Babu, Abdul Riyas, Professor S Suresh Kumar

Riyas, C. A., Idreesbabu, K. K., Marimuthu, N., & Sureshkumar, S. (2020). Impact of the tropical cyclone Ockhi on ecological and geomorphological structures of the small low-lying Islands in the Central Indian Ocean. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 33.


India - Lakshadweep ArchipelagoNature Conservation FoundationRohan Arthur

Arthur, R. Long-term monitoring data for Lakshadweep Archipelago, India. Nature Conservation Foundation

India - Nicobar IslandsMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

India - North AndamanNational Institute of Ocean Technology (Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India)Jha et al. (2013)

Jha, D. K., Vinithkumar, N., Marimuthu, N., Baskar, B., Sahu, B. K., Das, A. K., & Kirubagaran, R. (2013). Field and GIS based post-tsunami assessment of Scleractinian coral cover in the Aerial Bay group of Islands, North Andaman, India. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 17(3), 671-677

India - North Bay, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar IslandsZoological Survey of IndiaDharani et al. (2012)

Dharani, G., Nazar, A. A., Saravanane, N., Vinithkumar, N.V., Santhanakumar, J., Ratnam, K., Jha, D. K., Peter, D. M., Venkateshwaran, P., Kumar, T. S. & Kirubagaran, R. (2012). On the recurrence of coral bleaching and recovery in North Bay, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. In Ecology of Faunal Communities on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (pp. 71-84). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

India - North Reef Island, AndamanEnvironment & Hydrology Division, Space Applications Centre, Indian Space Research Organisation, IndiaChaudhury et al. (2017)

Chaudhury, N. R. (2017). Habitat Level Mapping of Coral Reefs at Different Scales: Case Study on Andaman and Nicobar Islands. In B. K. A. Prusty, R. Chandra, & P. A. Azeez (Eds.), Wetland Science Perspectives From South Asia (pp. 449-461). Springer Nature.

India - Palk BayZoological Survey of IndiaVenkataraman et al. (2013)

Venkataraman, K., & Rajan, R. (2013). Status of coral reefs in Palk Bay. Records of Zoological Survey of India (113), 1–11.

India - Palk BayCSIR-National Institute of OceanographyBalakrishnan Manikandan

Manikandan, B., Ravindran, J., Vidya, P. J., Shrinivasu, S., Manimurali, R., & Paramasivam, K. (2017). Resilience potential of an Indian Ocean reef: an assessment through coral recruitment pattern and survivability of juvenile corals to recurrent stress events. Environmental Science and Pollution Research (international), 24(15), 13614-13625. doi:10.1007/s11356-017-8772-4

India - Palk BayCSIR-National Institute of OceanographyBalakrishnan Manikandan

Manikandan, B., Ravindran, J., Shrinivaasu, S., Marimuthu, N., & Paramasivam, K. (2014). Community structure and coral status across reef fishing intensity gradients in Palk Bay reef, southeast coast of India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 186(10), 5989-6002. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-3835-1

India - Palk Bay, Gulff of Mannar, Gulf of Kachchh and Chilika lakeNational Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM), Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of IndiaGeevarghese et al. (2018)

Geevarghese, G. A., Akhil, B., Magesh, G., Krishnan, P., Purvaja, R., & Ramesh, R. (2018). A comprehensive geospatial assessment of seagrass distribution in India. Ocean & Coastal Management, 159, 16-25.

India - Pirotan IslandGraduate School of Engineering and Science, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, JapanSharma et al. (2008)

Sharma, S., Bahuguna, A., Chaudhary, N., Nayak, S., Chavan, S., & Pandey, C. (2008). Status and monitoring the health of coral reef using Multi-temporal remote sensing - A case study of Pirotan Coral Reef Island, Marine National Park, Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, India.

India - Pongi Balu coast, South Andaman IslandsNational Institute of Ocean Technology (Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India)Jha et al. (2011)

Jha, D. K., Vinithkumar, N., Santhnakumar, J., Nazar, A. A., & Kirubagaran, R. (2011). Assessment of post tsunami coral reef resource in Pongi Balu coast, south Andaman Islands. Current Science, 530-534. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24073090

India - South Andaman IslandDepartment of Disaster Management, Pondicherry UniversityEswaran (2014)

Eswaran, Y. (2014). Assessment of land use and land cover changes in south Andaman Island using remote sensing and GIS. International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, 5, 171-181.

India - South Andaman IslandForest Survey of IndiaGeevarghes et al. (2006)

Geevarghes, G., Mishra, A., Saxena, A., & Kushwaha, S. (2006). Mapping Coral Reef Habitat of South Andaman: A Comparative Analysis of Different Multi Spectral Data Sets [Paper presentation]. ISPRS-TC-IV, International Symposium on Geospatsial Data bases for sustainable Development.

India - Tarkarli (Maharastra State), Goa and Netrani (Karnataka State)Coastal ImpactVenkatesh Charloo - Founder Trustee

Underwater Biodiversity Surveys

IndonesiaDepartment of Marine Science, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, IndonesiaTries Razak, Haifa Herfauzia Jasmin

Data collated in 2020 from numerous published reports of Indonesian reefs for the study of reef change over time by Tries Razak and Haifa Herfauzia Jasmin. Full list of references here: https://storage.googleapis.com/coral-atlas-static-files/references/Citations%20For%20data%20collated%20by%20Tries%20and%20Haifa%20Final.pdf

IndonesiaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

IndonesiaReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020]. Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

IndonesiaCoral Sea FoundationAndy Lewis

Coral Sea Foundation Image Library

IndonesiaReef Check Foundation IndonesiaSila Kartika Sari and Derta Prabuning

Reef Check Foundation Indonesia. Reef check monitoring data.

IndonesiaGeospatial Information Agency of IndonesiaDoddy Mendro Yuwono

Ramadhani et al., 2019, Kepulauan Maluku, Cibinong, Badan Informasi Geospasial

IndonesiaWorld Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) IndonesiaMuhammed Erdi Lauzardi

These data were collected by WWF-Indonesia

IndonesiaChristian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, GermanyWiethüchter, Anita

Wiethüchter, Anita; Schnack-Schiel, Sigrid B; Asmus, Harald (2009): Seagrass biomass per area from Island Bone Batang, Spermonde Archipelago, Indonesia. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.727003

IndonesiaDepartment of Marine Science, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, IndonesiaTries Razak et al.

Razak TB, Ramadhani BA, Corni S, Roelfsema C, Markey K, Bambic B, De Brauwer M, Masdar H, Purnama R, Dumbrell AJ, Jompa J, Limmon GV, Beger M, Fox HE. In review. Large scale study of benthic communities in Eastern Indonesia’s reef systems. Regional Studies in Marine Science

IndonesiaLembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)LIPI

LIPI; National Datacentre for Coastal Ecosystem: http://gis.oseanografi.lipi.go.id/

IndonesiaBiosphere FoundationKitty Currier, Phillip Dustan

Suparno, N., K. Currier, C. Milner, A. Alling, and P. Dustan. 2019. Ecological changes in the coral reef communities of Indonesia’s Bali Barat National Park, 2011–2016. Atoll Research Bulletin 620.

IndonesiaInstitute for Marine Remote Sensing - University of South Florida and Sinoptica Information Systems Ltd.Damaris Torres-Pulliza

Torres-Pulliza, D., Wilson, J. R., Darmawan, A., Campbell, S. J., & Andréfouët, S. (2013). Ecoregional scale seagrass mapping: A tool to support resilient MPA network design in the Coral Triangle. Ocean & Coastal Management, 80, 55-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2013.04.005

IndonesiaFauna & Flora InternationalAndy Cameron, Indra, Rakhmat Dirgantara, Henry Duffy

These data were contributed by Fauna & Flora International.

Indonesia - Bali and Nusa PenidaConservation International IndonesiaMustika et al. (2012)

Mustika, P. L., Ratha, I. M. J. & Purwanto, S. (2012). The 2011 Bali Marine Rapid Assessment (Second English edition August 2012). RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 64. Bali Marine and Fisheries Affairs, South East Asia Center for Ocean Research and Monitoring, Warmadewa University, Conservation International Indonesia, Denpasar. 137 pp.

Indonesia - Bintan Island, Riau ProvinceCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Manuputty (2014)

Manuputty, A. E. W. (2014). Monitoring Kesehatan Terumbu Karang dan Kesehatan Ekosistem Terkait di Kabupaten Bintan. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Indonesia - Bontosua Island, Spermonde ArchipelagoDepartment of Marine Science, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Universitas Hasanuddin, IndonesiaThalib et al. (2019)

Thalib, M. S., Faizal, A., & La Nafie, Y. A. (2019). Remote Sensing Analysis of Seagrass Beds in Bontosua Island, Spermonde Archipelago. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 253. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/253/1/012047

Indonesia - Central-northern Halmahera, Morotai and North Maluku ProvinceConservation InternationalTurak and DeVantier (2008)

Turak, E., & DeVantier, L. (2008). Biodiversity and Conservation Priorities of Reef-building Corals in North Halmahera-Morotai. Final Report. Conservation International. Indonesia. 68p.

Indonesia - Ekas Bay, LombokAgency for Marine and Fisheries Research and Human Resources Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, IndonesiaSetyawidati et al. (2018)

Setyawidati, N. A. R., Puspita, M., Kaimuddin, A. H., Widowati, I., Deslandes, E., Bourgougnon, N., & Stiger-Pouvreau, V. (2018, Jun). Seasonal biomass and alginate stock assessment of three abundant genera of brown macroalgae using multispectral high resolution satellite remote sensing: A case study at Ekas Bay (Lombok, Indonesia). Mar Pollut Bull, 131(Pt B), 40-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.11.068

Indonesia - Gili Air, Pemenang, Kabupaten Lombok Utara, Nusa Tenggara BarGili Shark ConservationGili Shark Conservation
Indonesia - Gili Islands, West Nusa Tenggara ProvinceCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Suharti (2014)

Suharti, S. (2014). Baseline Survey Kesehatan Terumbu Karang Dan Ekosistem Terkait Di Taman Wisata Perairan Gili Matra. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Indonesia - Gili Trawangan, Air, and MenoGeography Department, University of IndonesiaDr Masita Dwi Mandini Manessa

Manessa, M. D. M., Kanno, A., Sekine, M., Ampou, E. E., Widagti, N., & As-syakur, A. R. (2014). Shallow-Water Benthic Identification Using Multispectral Satellite Imagery: Investigation on the Effects of Improving Noise Correction Method and Spectral Cover. Remote Sensing, 6(5), 4454-4472. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs6054454

Indonesia - Gili Trawangan, Gili Meno, and Gili AirGraduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi University, JapanManessa et al. (2014)

Manessa, M. D. M., Kanno, A., Sekine, M., Ampou, E. E., Widagti, N., & As-syakur, A. R. (2014). Shallow-Water Benthic Identification Using Multispectral Satellite Imagery: Investigation on the Effects of Improving Noise Correction Method and Spectral Cover. Remote Sensing, 6(5), 4454-4472. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs6054454

Indonesia - Harapan and Kelapa IslandsDepartment of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, IndonesiaSiregar et al. (2018)

Siregar, V. P., Prabowo, N. W., Agus, S. B. & Subarno, T. (2018). The effect of atmospheric correction on object based image classification using SPOT-7 imagery: A case study in the Harapan and Kelapa Islands. In (Vol. 176): Institute of Physics Publishing. http://doi:10.1088/1755-1315/176/1/012028

Indonesia - Jakarta Bay-Pulau Seribu reef complexDepartamento de Biologia, CESAM – Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Universidade de Aveiro, PortugalCleary et al. (2008)

Cleary, D. F. R., De Vantier, L., Giyanto, Vail, L., Manto, P., de Voogd, N. J., Rachello-Dolmen, P. G., Tuti, Y., Budiyanto, A., Wolstenholme, J., Hoeksema, B. W., & Suharsono. (2008). Relating variation in species composition to environmental variables: a multi-taxon study in an Indonesian coral reef complex. Aquatic Sciences, 70(4), 419-431. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00027-008-8077-2

Indonesia - Kaledupa Island, Wakatobi National ParkGraduate School of Coastal and Marine Resources Management, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, IndonesiaAzhar et al. (2019)

Azhar, A., Damar, A., Bengen, D. G., & Atmadipoera, A. S. (2019). Shallow water marine habitat mapping of Kaledupa Island using integrating tradisional ecological knowledge and multispectral image classification. In (Vol. 241): Institute of Physics Publishing. http://doi:10.1088/1755-1315/241/1/012038

Indonesia - Kapoposang Island, South Sulawesi ProvinceDepartment of Marine Science, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, IndonesiaFaizal et al. (2019)

Faizal, A., Raazy, A. F., & Rasyid, A. (2019). Analysis of coral reef benthic cover changes around Kapoposang Island, Pangkep Regency, South Sulawesi using multioral remote sensing imagery. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 370(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/370/1/012021

Indonesia - KarimunjawaRemote Sensing Research Centre, University of Queensland, Australia Dr. Chris Roelfsema, Prof. Stuart Phinn

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

Indonesia - Kemujan IslandDepartment of Geographic Information Science, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, IndonesiaWicaksono et al. (2019)

Wicaksono, P., Aryaguna, P. A., & Lazuardi, W. (2019). Benthic Habitat Mapping Model and Cross Validation Using Machine-Learning Classification Algorithms. Remote Sensing, 11(11). https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11111279

Indonesia - Kemujan IslandCartography and Remote Sensing, Department of Geographic Information Science, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, IndonesiaWicaksono, P. (2017)

Wicaksono, P. (2017). Improving the accuracy of Multispectral-based benthic habitats mapping using image rotations: the application of Principle Component Analysis and Independent Component Analysis. European Journal of Remote Sensing, 49(1), 433-463. https://doi.org/10.5721/EuJRS20164924

Indonesia - Komodo, East Nusa Tenggara ProvinceThe Nature Conservancy IndonesiaTurak (2006)

Turak, E. (2006) Corals and Coral Communities of the Komodo National Park. In: Beger, M. & Turak, E. (2006) A Rapid Ecological Assessment of the reef fishes and scleractinian corals of Komodo National Park, Indonesia in 2005. The Nature Conservancy.

Indonesia - Kotok Island and Karang Bongkok Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Bogor Agricultural University, IndonesiaManuputty et al. (2017)

Manuputty, A., Gaol, J. L., Agus, S. B., & Nurjaya, I. W. (2017). The utilization of Depth Invariant Index and Principle Component Analysis for mapping seagrass ecosystem of Kotok Island and Karang Bongkok, Indonesia. In (Vol. 54): Institute of Physics Publishing. http://doi:10.1088/1755-1315/54/1/012083

Indonesia - Libukang Island, Malasoro BayAgency for Marine and Fisheries Research and Human Resources Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, IndonesiaSetyawidati et al. (2017)

Setyawidati, N., Kaimuddin, A. H., Wati, I. P., Helmi, M., Widowati, I., Rossi, N., Liabot, P. O., & Stiger-Pouvreau, V. (2017). Percentage cover, biomass, distribution, and potential habitat mapping of natural macroalgae, based on high-resolution satellite data and in situ monitoring, at Libukang Island, Malasoro Bay, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Phycology, 30(1), 159-171. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-017-1208-1

Indonesia - Lingga Islands, Riau ProvinceCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Sihaloho (2014)

Sihaloho, H. F. (2014). Monitoring Kesehatan Terumbu Karang dan Kesehatan Ekosistem Terkait di Kabupaten Lingga. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Indonesia - Mentawai Islands, West SumatraCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Siringoringo (2014)

Siringoringo, R. M. (2014). Monitoring Kesehatan Terumbu Karang Dan Kesehatan Ekosistem Terkait Di Kabupaten Kepulauan Mentawai. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia

Indonesia - Natuna IslandsResearch Centre for Oceanography – Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) , IndonesiaSuyarso et al. (2020)

Suyarso, Ulumuddin, Y. I., & Prayudha, B. (2020). Mapping of coral reef ecosystem in the Natuna Islands using ALOS imagery.

Indonesia - North Kepulauan SeribuDepartment of Marine Science and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, IndonesiaSiregar et al. (2018)

Siregar, V. P., Agus, S. B., Subarno, T., & Prabowo, N. W. (2018). Mapping shallow waters habitats using OBIA by applying several approaches of depth invariant index in North Kepulauan Seribu. In Syartinilia (Ed.), 4th International Symposium on Lapan-Ipb Satellite for Food Security and Environmental Monitoring (Vol. 149). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/149/1/012052

Indonesia - North Nias, North Sumatra ProvinceCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Siringoringo (2014)

Siringoringo, R. M. (2014). Monitoring Esehatan Terumbu Karang dan Kesehatan Kosistem Terkait di Kabupaten Nias Utara. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.


Indonesia - Owi Island, Biak, PapuaDepartment of Marine Science and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, IndonesiaDominggus Samuel HLM Koreri Awak

Awak, D. S. H. L. M. K., Gaol, J. L., Subhan, B., Madduppa, H. H., & Arafat, D. (2016). Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Using Remote Sensing Data: Case Study in Owi Island, Biak, Papua. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 33, 600-606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2016.03.113

Indonesia - Pangkajene and Kepulauan Regency, Spermonde ArchipelagoGraduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, JapanYasir Haya et al. (2017)

Yasir Haya, L. O. M., & Fujii, M. (2017). Mapping the change of coral reefs using remote sensing and in situ measurements: a case study in Pangkajene and Kepulauan Regency, Spermonde Archipelago, Indonesia. Journal of Oceanography, 73(5), 623-645. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10872-017-0422-4

Indonesia - Pari IslandDepartment Marine Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Bengkulu University, IndonesiaAnggoro et al. (2018)

Anggoro, A., Sumartono, E., Siregar, V. P., Agus, S. B., Purnama, D., Supriyono, S., Puspitosari, D. A., Listyorini, T., Sulistyo, B. & Parwito, P. (2018). Comparing Object-based and Pixel-based Classifications for Benthic Habitats Mapping in Pari Islands. In (Vol. 1114): Institute of Physics Publishing. http://doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1114/1/012049

Indonesia - Pulau Nukaha, TanimbarFlemish Institute for Technological Research, Remote Sensing and Earth Observation Processes, BelgiumLuc Bertels, Bart Deronde and Joost Vandenabeele

Bertels, L., Vanderstraete, T., Van Coillie, S., Knaeps, E., Sterckx, S., Goossens, R., & Deronde, B. (2008). Mapping of coral reefs using hyperspectral CASI data; a case study: Fordata, Tanimbar, Indonesia. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 29(8), 2359-2391. https://doi.org/10.1080/01431160701408469

The authors wish to thank the Belgian Science Policy Office (BelSPO) for providing funding under the STEREO projects UN/67/013 and UN/02/014.

Indonesia - Pulau Pieh, W Sumatra ProvinceCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Abrar (2014)

Abrar, M. (2014). Laporan Monitoring (Baseline) Kesehatan Ekosistem Terumbu Karang & Ekosistem Terkait Lainnya Taman Wisata Perairan Pulau Pieh Dan Laut Di Sekitarnya, Provinsi Sumatera Barat. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Indonesia - Raja Ampat Islands, PapuaThe Nature Conservancy IndonesiaDonnelly et al. (2003)

Donnelly, R., Neville, D. & Mous, P. J. (2003). Report on a rapid ecological assessment of the Raja Ampat Islands, Papua, Eastern Indonesia, held October 30 – November 22, 2002. The Nature Conservancy - Southeast Asia Center for Marine Protected Areas, Bali, Indonesia

Indonesia - Raja Ampat, West Papua ProvinceConservation International Center for Applied Biodiversity Science Department of Conservation BiologyMcKenna et al. (2002)

McKenna, S. A., Allen, G. R., & Suryadi, S. (2002). A marine rapid assessment of the Raja Ampat islands, Papua Province, Indonesia. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 22. Conservation International. Washington, DC.

Indonesia - Sangihe and Talaud Islands, North SulawesiThe Nature Conservancy IndonesiaMous (2002)

Mous, P. J. (2002). Report on a rapid ecological assessment of the Banda Islands, Maluku, Eastern Indonesia, held April 28 – May 5 2002. The Nature Conservancy - Southeast Asia Center for Marine Protected Areas, Sanur, Bali, Indonesia.

Indonesia - Sangihe and Talaud Islands, North SulawesiThe Nature Conservancy IndonesiaMous & DeVantier (2001)

Mous, P. J. & DeVantier L. M. (2001). Rapid Ecological Assessment of the Sangihe-Talaud Islands, North Sulawesi, Indonesia, April-May, 2001. The Nature Conservancy - Southeast Asia Center for Marine Protected Areas, Sanur, Bali, Indonesia.

Indonesia - Sebaru Besar Island, Kepulauan SeribuDepartment of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, IPB University, IndonesiaSiregar et al. (2020)

Siregar, V. P., Agus, S. B., Sunuddin, A., Pasaribu, R. A., Sangadji, M. S., Sugara, A., & Kurniawati, E. (2020). Benthic habitat classification using high resolution satellite imagery in Sebaru Besar Island, Kepulauan Seribu. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 429, 012040. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/429/1/012040

Indonesia - Sebaru, Karang Lebar and LancangDivision of Marine Remote Sensing and GIS, Department of Marine Science and Technology, IPB University, IndonesiaVincentius P Siregar, Ayub Sugara, Esty Kurniaty

Sugara, A., Siregar, V. P., & Agus, S. B. (2020). Benthic habitat classification of shallow water using WorldView-2 imagery with in-situ and drone data. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 12(1), 135-150. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v12i1.26448

Object-Based Classification of Shallow Benthic Habitats and Analysis of Oceanographic Characteristics Using Multi-Resolution Satellite Imagery in the Waters of the Seribu Islands (On Review at Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis)

Evaluation of Accuracy Level of Shallow Waters Benthic Habitat Mapping In Different Classes Using High Resolution Imagery Case Study on Sebaru Besar Island, Kepuluan Seribu (On Review at Majalah Ilmiah Globe Journal - Geospatial Information Agency) 

Sugara, A., Siregar, V. P., & Agub, S. B. (2019). Shallow water benthic classification on Worldview-2 and Sentinel 2A imagery using in-situ and drone data [Master thesis, IPB University]. IPB University. http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/100700 

Kurniawati, E., Siregar, V. P., & Nurjaya, I. W. Object-based classification of shallow benthic habitats and analysis of oceanographic characteristics using multi-resolution satellite imagery in the waters of the Seribu Islands [Master thesis, IPB University]. IPB University. http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/100730

Indonesia - Sekupang Waters, Batam IslandPoliteknik Negeri Batam, IndonesiaLubis et al. (2018)

Lubis, M. Z., Anurogo, W., Hanafi, A., Kausarian, H., Taki, H. M., & Antoni, S. (2018). Distribution of benthic habitat using Landsat-7 Imagery in shallow waters of Sekupang, Batam Island, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 19(3), 1117-1122. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d190346

Indonesia - Seribu and Wakatobi IslandDivision of Marine Remote Sensing and GIS, Department of Marine Science and Technology, IPB University, IndonesiaVincentius P Siregar, Syamsul B Agus

Siregar, V. P., Prabowo, N. W., Agus, S. B., & Subarno, T. (2018). The effect of atmospheric correction on object based image classification using SPOT-7 imagery: A case study in the Harapan and Kelapa Islands. In (Vol. 176): Institute of Physics Publishing. http://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/176/1/012028

Prabowo, N. W., Siregar, V. P., & Agus, S. B. (2018). Classification of benthic habitat based on object with support vector machine and decision tree algoritm using SPOT – 7 multispectral imagery in Harapan and Kelapa Island. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 10(1), 123-134. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v10i1.21670 

Siregar, V. P., Agus, S. B., Sunuddin, A., Pasaribu, R. A., Sangadji, M. S., Kurniawati, E. (2020). Benthic habitat classification on multispatial satellite imagery in Kapota and Kompoone Islands, Wakatobi. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, (In Review) 

Siregar, V. P., Agus, S. B., Subarno, T., Sunuddin, A., & Aziizah, N. N. (2020). Analysis of benthic habitat change by using high resolution satellite imagery in Karang Lebar, Kepulauan Seribu. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 12(1), 37-51. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v12i1.25528 

Siregar, V. P., Agus, S. B., Sunuddin, A., Pasaribu, R. A., Sangadji, M. S., Sugara, A., & Kurniawati, E. (2020). Benthic habitat classification using high resolution satellite imagery in Sebaru Besar Island, Kepulauan Seribu. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 429, 012040. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/429/1/012040 

Sugara, A., Siregar, V. P., & Agus, S. B. (2020). Benthic habitat classification of shallow water using WorldView-2 imagery with in-situ and drone data. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 12(1), 135-150. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v12i1.26448

Indonesia - Simeulue Island, Aceh ProvinceResearch Institute For Coastal Resources and Vulnerability, Ministry of Marine Affairs and FisheriesUlung Jantama Wisha

Wisha, U., Ondara, K., Gemilang, W., Rahmawan, G., Dhiauddin, R., & Ilham, I. (2019). Coral Reef condition in relation to coral reef fish abundances before mass bleaching event in Simeulue Islands, ACEH. Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal, 25, 64. doi:10.15578/ifrj.25.2.2019.64-74

Indonesia - Situbondo, East JavaMarine Science Department, Brawijaya UniversityMochamad Arif Zainul Fuad

M. Arif Zainul Fuad, Anwar Fikri, M. Fadhilah (2019). Mapping and Monitoring of Coral reef Ecosystem in Pasir Putih, Situbondo - East Java, Indonesia. Scientific Report - Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Brawijaya University.

Indonesia - Spermonde ArchipelagoMarine Science Department, Hasanuddin University, IndonesiaDr. Nurjannah Nurdin

Nurdin, N., Amri, K., Pulubuhu, D. A. T., Rani, C., AS, M. A., & Komatsu, T. (2019). Long-term Changes Of Coral Reef Habitats In Two Islands With And Without Residents In Outer Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi Revealed By Satellite Remote Sensing. Philippine Journal of Natural Sciences(24), 91-103. 

Indonesia - Suranti Island, Spermonde ArchipelagoMarine Science Department, Hasanuddin University, IndonesiaNurdin et al. (2015)

Nurdin, N., Komatsu, T., Agus, Akbar As, M., Djalil, A. R., & Amri, K. (2015). Multisensor and multitemporal data from Landsat images to detect damage to coral reefs, small islands in the Spermonde archipelago, Indonesia. Ocean Science Journal, 50(2), 317-325. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12601-015-0029-x

Indonesia - Tidore Island, North Maluku ProvinceCRITC-Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Giyanto (2012)

Giyanto (2012). Ekosistem pesisir Ternate, Tidore dan Sekitarnya, Provinsi Maluku Utara. CRITC-Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Indonesia - Togean and Banggai Islands, SulawesiConservation International Center for Applied Biodiversity Science Department of Conservation BiologyAllen and McKenna (2001)

Allen, G. R., & McKenna, S. A. (2001). A marine rapid assessment of the Togean and Banggai Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 20. Conservation International. Washington, DC.

Indonesia - Unggeh Island, Central Tapanuli RegencyDepartment of Aquatic Resources Management, Universitas Sumatera Utara, IndonesiaHarahap et al. (2019)

Harahap, Z. A., Gea, Y. H., & Susetya, I. E. (2019). Relationship between coral reef ecosystem and coral fish communities in Unggeh Island Central Tapanuli Regency. In (Vol. 260, pp. 012113). http://doi:10.1088/1755-1315/260/1/012113

Indonesia - Wakatobi, SE Sulawesi ProvinceCOREMAP, Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)Budiyanto (2008)

Budiyanto, S. A. (2008). Studi Baseline Terumbu Karang Di Lokasi Dpl Kabupaten Wakatobi. CRITC COREMAP - CTI LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Indonesia - Wakatobi, SouthEast Sulawesi ProvinceWorld Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and The Nature ConservancyPet-Soede and Erdmann (2003)

Pet-Soede, L. & M. Erdmann M. (2003). Rapid Ecological Assessment of Wakatobi National Park. November 2003. A Joint Publication by the Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Ministry of Forestry, Jakarta, WWF Indonesia Marine Program, Denpasar, Bali and The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Asia Center for Marine Protected Areas, Bali.

Iran - Kish Island, Persian GulfDepartment of Marine Remote Sensing, Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science, Tehran, IranDr. Keivan Kabiri

Kabiri, K., Rezai, H., & Moradi, M. (2020). A drone-based method for mapping the coral reefs in the shallow coastal waters – case study: Kish Island, Persian Gulf. Earth Science Informatics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12145-020-00507-z

Iran - Kish Island, Persian GulfDepartment of Marine Remote Sensing, Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science, Tehran, IranDr. Keivan Kabiri

Kabiri, K., Rezai, H., & Moradi, M. (2020). A drone-based method for mapping the coral reefs in the shallow coastal waters – case study: Kish Island, Persian Gulf. Earth Science Informatics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12145-020-00507-z

Iran - Northern part of the Persian Gulf, Kish IslandScience and Research UniversityDr. Mahsa Alidoost Salimi, Dr. Greta Aeby

Alidoost Salimi, M., Mostafavi, P. G., Fatemi, S. M., & Aeby, G. S. (2017). Health status of corals surrounding Kish Island, Persian Gulf. Dis Aquat Organ, 124(1), 77-84. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03105 

IsraelReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Israel - 1) Eilat (InterunivInstEilat) 2) Eilat (KZA)Viseaon Marine Imaging Lab, Hatter Dept. of Marine Technologies Univ. of Haifa and Inter University Inst. of Marine Sciences of Eilat Matan Yuval, Aviad Avni, Tali Treibitz

1) Yuval, Matan, et al. "Repeatable semantic reef-mapping through photogrammetry and label-augmentation." Remote Sensing 13.4 (2021): 659.
2) Unpublished

Israel - Eilat, Northern tip of the Gulf of AqabaIsrael Nature and Parks AuthorityDr. Assaf Zvuloni

Zvuloni et al. (in prep.) The Ecological Camp in the Northern Tip of the Gulf of Aqaba/Eilat - Five Sampling Cycles (2015-2020). The Israel Nature & Parks Authority

Israel - Gulf of AqabaDead Sea and Arava Science CenterDr. Gidon Winters

Winters, G., Edelist, D., Shem‐Tov, R., Beer, S., & Rilov, G. (2017). A low cost field‐survey method for mapping seagrasses and their potential threats: An example from the northern Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 27(2), 324-339. 

Israel - Northern Gulf of Eilat, Aqaba The Interuniversity Institute for Marine Science of EilatThe National Monitoring Program (NMP) of the northern Gulf of Eilat/Aqaba, Headed by Dr. Jonathan Shaked and Prof. Amatzia Genin

Annual reports (in Hebrew with English abstract, figures and tables) by Y. Shaked and A. Genin. Example:  https://iui-eilat.huji.ac.il/uploaded/NMP/reports/NMP%20Report%202019.pdf

JamaicaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

JamaicaDuwatechBernadette Charpentier, Frederic Charpentier

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

JamaicaAtlantic and Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment (AGRRA)Judith Lang, Patricia Kramer, Lynnette Roth

Judith Lang, Patricia Kramer, Lynnette Roth shared the Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment (AGRRA) International Collaboration (https://www.agrra.org) and Ocean Research and Education Foundation database for the Caribbean region.

Jamaica, BahamasThe Nature Conservancy (TNC)Steve Schill, Joseph Pollock

These data were contributed by The Nature Conservancy’s Caribbean Division and included GPS-referenced drop cam videos and previously mapped areas using high resolution satellite imagery.

https://caribbeanscienceatlas.tnc.org/

JordanReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

KenyaWWF-Kenya, CORDIO and Kenya Wildlife ServiceHassan Mohammad, Swaleh Ali Aboud, Said Mwangira

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

KenyaAROCHA Kenya and CORDIOErick Thuranira, Simon Kenga, Swaleh Ali Aboud, Randall Mabwa

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

KenyaCORDIO and Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS)Swaleh Ali Aboud, Mohammed Mwachanze, Abdallah Godana, Randall Mabwa

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

KenyaMarine Education CenterJenni Choma, Fatma Hassan, Kahaso Ngowa, Derrick Omollo, Winnie Njeri

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

KenyaWildlife Conservation Society (WCS) - KenyaRemy Oddenyo, Tim McClanahan

These data were collected as part of the Allen Coral Atlas's partnership with the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies Vibrant Oceans partnership, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

KenyaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Kimbe Bay, Paupa New GuineaJames Cook University and ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies, Townsville, AustraliaGeoff Jones, Maya Srinivasan, Janelle Eagle, Stephen Neale, Mary Bonin

2019 Coral Data collected in Kimbe Bay Papua New Guinea

Kingdom of BahrainDepartment of Geoinformatics, College of Graduate Studies, Arabian Gulf UniversityAljenaid, S. et al. (2017)

Aljenaid, S., Ghoneim, E., Abido, M., AlWedhai, K., Khadim, G., Mansoor, S., Mohd, W.E.D. & Hameed, N. A. (2017). Integrating remote sensing and field survey to map shallow water benthic habitat for the Kingdom of Bahrain. J. Environ. Sci. Eng. B, 6, 176-200.

KiribatiReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

KiribatiReef Ecologic PTY LTDDr. Adam Smith, Nathan Cook
KiribatiReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

Kiribati - Gilbert Islands, Phoenix IslandsMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD/UR 128, Centre de Nouméa).Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

Kiribati - Tarawa and Abaiang AtollsUniversity of British Columbia (UBC) and the Government of Kiribati Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources Development (MFMRD)Sara Cannon (UBC), Erietera Aram (MFMRD), Toaea Beiateuea (MFMRD), Aranteiti Kiareti (MFMRD), Max Peter (MFMRD), Prof. Simon Donner (UBC)

Unpublished (manuscript in review)

Kiribati, TokelauB K Fellenius Consultants Inc. and SPREP – Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment ProgrammeKarl Fellenius

Fellenius, K. (2019). Marine Assessment, Coral Restoration and Monitoring in Tokelau: Atafu, Nukunonu, and Fakaofo Atolls (3 rep) Site Assessment. 51-64p.


Fellenius, K. (2019-20). Marine Assessment, Coral Restoration and Monitoring in Kiribati: Tarawa Atoll Site Assessment/Planting Progress/Monitoring Protocol/Restoration Guidance (4 rep), 27-49p.

Kuwait - Kubbar IslandPublic Authority of Applied Education and Training (PAAET)Dr. Mahdi M. Gholoum

Gholoum, M., Bruce, D., & Alhazeem, S. (2019). A new image classification approach for mapping coral density in State of Kuwait using high spatial resolution satellite images. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 40(12), 4787-4816.

MadagascarReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

MadagascarWildlife Conservation Society (WCS) - MadagascarArielle Hoamby, Toky Voajanahary and Ravaka Ranaivoson

These data were collected as part of the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies Vibrant Oceans partnership, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

MadagascarWildlife Conservation Society (WCS) - MadagascarLovy Rasolofomanana

© Wildlife Conservation Society. All rights reserved.

MalaysiaReef Check Dr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

MalaysiaHeriot-Watt UniversityDr Oscar Crehan

Crehan, O., Mair, J., Yii, S. H., Mohd Safuan, C. D., & Bachok, Z. (2019). Effect of Tourism and Sedimentation on Coral Cover and Community Structure. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 30(2), 149-165. https://doi.org/10.21315/tlsr2019.30.2.12

MalaysiaReef Check MalaysiaLau Chai Ming

Lau, C. M., Kee-Alfian, A. A., Affendi, Y. A., Hyde, J., Chelliah, A., Leong, Y. S., Low, Y. L., Megat Yusop, P. A., Leong, V. T., Mohd Halimi, A., Mohd Shahir, Y., Mohd Ramdhan, R., Lim, A. G., & Zainal, N. I. (2019). Tracing Coral Reefs: A Citizen Science Approach in Mapping Coral Reefs to Enhance Marine Park Management Strategies. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6.

MalaysiaNational University of Singapore and School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle, UKDr. Andrew G. Bauman and Dr. James R Guest

Bauman, A.G. & Guest, J.R. Benthic transect data 

MalaysiaMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

MalaysiaHeriot-Watt UniversityOscar Crehan

Crehan, O., Mair, J., Yii, S. H., Mohd Safuan, C. D., & Bachok, Z. (2019). Effect of Tourism and Sedimentation on Coral Cover and Community Structure. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 30(2), 149-165. https://doi.org/10.21315/tlsr2019.30.2.11 

Malaysia - Bidong islandInstitute of Oceanography and Environment (INOS), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)Mohammad Shawkat Hossain and Wei Sheng Chong

Muslim, A. M., Chong, W. S., Safuan, C. D. M., Khalil, I., & Hossain, M. S. (2019). Coral reef mapping of UAV: a comparison of sun glint correction methods. Remote Sensing, 11(20), 2422.

Malaysia - Kudat, SabahDepartment of Marine Zoology, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, The Netherlands, Borneo Marine Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia, Institute of Biology Leiden, Leiden University, Leiden, The NetherlandsWaheed, Z. et al. (2016)

Waheed, Z., van Mil, H. G. J., Syed Hussein, M. A., Jumin, R., Golam Ahad, B., & Hoeksema, B. W. (2016). Coral Reefs at the Northernmost Tip of Borneo: An Assessment of Scleractinian Species Richness Patterns and Benthic Reef Assemblages. PLoS One, 10(12), e0146006. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146006 

Malaysia - Pulau Redang and Pulau PerhentianFaculty of Science and Marine Environment and Institute of Oceanography and Environment, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu Tan Chun Hong, Nurzahirah Kamarudi, Muhammad Rafiq Hakimi Mohd. Noor

Post Covid-19 Malaysia Marine Life Status At Marine Park Islands of Terengganu

Malaysia - SabahWorld Wildlife Fund (WWF) - MalaysiaSikula Magupin, Gavin Jolis

Area, S. P. C. (2011). Marine Turtle Status in Northeast Semporna Priority Conservation Area. Link here.

Malaysia - SabahFaculty of Biological Sciences, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UKDr. Maria Beger

Beger, M., McGowan, J., Polak, O. & Tulloch, V. 2013. A Rapid Ecological Assessment of the reef fishes and coral reef health of the future Tun Mustapha Marine Park, Sabah, Malaysia. ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Malaysia - SabahInstitute of Oceanography and Environment (INOS), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)Dr. Mohammad Shawkat Hossain

Hossain, M. S., Bujang, J. S., Zakaria, M. H., & Hashim, M. (2016). Marine and human habitat mapping for the Coral Triangle Initiative region of Sabah using Landsat and Google Earth imagery. Marine Policy, 72, 176-191.

MaldivesMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al. (2006)

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

MaldivesSamara State University of Social Science and Education/Seamarc Pvt. Ltd (Maldives)Konstantin S. Tkachenko

Tkachenko, K. S. (2012). The northernmost coral frontier of the Maldives: The coral reefs of Ihavandippolu Atoll under long-term environmental change. Mar Environ Res, 82, 40-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2012.09.004  

Tkachenko, K. S. (2014). The influence of repetitive thermal stresses on the dominance of reef-building Acropora spp. (Scleractinia) on coral reefs of the Maldive Islands. Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 40(4), 286-294. https://doi.org/10.1134/s1063074014040105 

Tkachenko, K. S. (2015). Impact of repetitive thermal anomalies on survival and development of mass reef-building corals in the Maldives. Marine Ecology, 36(3), 292-304. https://doi.org/10.1111/maec.12138 

MaldivesUC San Diego, Waitt Institute, Maldives Marine Research Institute (MMRI)100 Island Challenge - Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Waitt Institute, Maldives Marine Research Institute (MMRI)
MaldivesReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

MaldivesReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

MaldivesMaldives Marine Research InstituteHana Ameer et al

Summaries of MMRI benthic monitoring data, 2019-2020.

Summaries of MMRI benthic monitoring data, 2017-2018.


MaldivesMaldives Marine Research Institute (MMRI), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Project REGENERATEHana Ameer et al

Survey data collected during 2016 to assess impact of mass bleaching.  Project REGENERATE, a Government of Maldives Project implemented by IUCN and generously funded by USAID

MaldivesThe University of Queensland, Australia and Banyan Tree Marine Laboratory, MaldivesTania Kenyon

Kenyon, T. 2020. From Rubble to Reef: The physical and biological dynamics of coral rubble beds. The University of Queensland.

MaldivesUniversity of HamburgBetzler et al. (2016)

Betzler, C., Lindhorst, S., Lüdmann, T., Weiß, B., Wunsch, M. & Braga, J. C. (2016). Grain size distribution of the lagoonal deposits within the South Malé Atoll, Maldives, Indian Ocean. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.858886, Supplement to: Betzler, C et al. (2015): The leaking bucket of a Maldives atoll: Implications for the understanding of carbonate platform drowning. Marine Geology, 366, 16-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2015.04.009

MaldivesLaMER MaldivesHussein Zahir, Azim Musthag

Data extracted from multiple Environmental Impact Surveys conducted by Land and Marine Environmental Research Institute (LaMER) between 2018-2020..  Website: awaiting input from Azim

MaldivesRemote Sensing Research Center, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, AustraliaDr. Chris Roelfsema, Dr. Eva Kovacs, Kathryn Markey, Dr. Emma Kennedy, Hana Amir, Azim Musthag

Ground truth data collected by the UQ mapping team for the Allen Coral Atlas

Maldives - Huvadhoo AtollNorthumbria UniversityHolly East

East et. al., Pers. Comm.

Maldives - Huvadhoo AtollNorthumbria UniversityHolly East

East, H. K., Perry, C. T., Beetham, E. P., Kench, P. S. & Liang, Y. (2020). Modelling reef hydrodynamics and sediment mobility under sea level rise in atoll reef island systems, Global and Planetary Change, Volume 192, 2020. doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2020.103196 Benthic classifications generated using Quickbird and WorldView-2 imagery 

Maldives - Huvadhu Atoll reef rimNanyang Technological UniversityKyle Morgan

Unpublished benthic data contributed by Kyle Morgan

Maldives - Laamu AtollMaldives Resilient ReefsBlue Marine Foundation University of York, UK Six Senses Laamu

Coral reefs and seagrass surveys in Laamu Atoll. Unpublished work.

Maldives - Olhuveli IslandMaldives Underwater InitiativePhilippa Roe

MUI Six Senses Laamu Seagrass Monitoring 2020. (Unpublished), 2020.

Maldives - Vabbinfaru, North Malé AtollNanyang Technological UniversityKyle Morgan

Morgan, K. M., & Kench, P. S. (2016). Reef to island sediment connections on a Maldivian carbonate platform: using benthic ecology and biosedimentary depositional facies to examine island‐building potential. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 41(13), 1815-1825.  AND: Morgan, K. (2014). A calcium carbonate budget of a Maldivian reef platform (Doctoral dissertation, ResearchSpace@ Auckland).

Maldives - Vavvaru, Lhaviyani AtollUniversity of Exeter (UK), Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)Chris Perry, Kyle Morgan

Perry, C. T., Morgan, K. M., & Yarlett, R. T. (2017). Reef habitat type and spatial extent as interacting controls on platform-scale carbonate budgets. Frontiers in Marine Science, 4, 185.

Maldives, Central Indian OceanMarine Research Center, MaldivesDr Abdulla Naseer

Naseer, A., & Hatcher, B. G. (2004). Inventory of the Maldives' coral reefs using morphometrics generated from Landsat ETM+ imagery. Coral Reefs, 23(1), 161-168. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-003-0366-6

Marshall IslandsRemote Sensing Research Centre, University of Queensland, AustraliaDr Chris Roelfsema

Roelfsema, C., Phinn, S., Jupiter, S., Comley, J., Beger, M., & Paterson, E. (2010). The application of object based analysis of high spatial resolution imagery for mapping large coral reef systems in the west pacific at geomorphic and benthic community spatial scales. In 2010 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (pp. 4346-4349). IEEE.

Marshall IslandsReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Marshall IslandsMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD/UR 128, Centre de Nouméa).Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

Marshall IslandsNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Matt Kendall

Kendall, M.S., T.A. Battista, and C. Menza. 2012. Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands Coral Reef Ecosystems Mapping Report. NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Center for Coastal Monitoring, Biogeography Branch. Silver Spring, Maryland. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 144. 19 Pages.

Marshall Islands - Majuro and Arno AtollsUniversity of British Columbia (UBC)Sara Cannon, Prof. Simon Donner

Cannon, S. E., Donner, S. D., Fenner, D., & Beger, M. (2019). The relationship between macroalgae taxa and human disturbance on central Pacific coral reefs. Marine pollution bulletin, 145, 161-173.

Marshall Islands - Majuro AtollNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Kendall et al.

Kendall, M.S., T.A. Battista, and C. Menza. 2012. Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands Coral Reef Ecosystems Mapping Report. NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Center for Coastal Monitoring, Biogeography Branch. Silver Spring, Maryland. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 144. 19 pp.
https://www.google.com/url?q=https://coastalscience.noaa.gov/project/benthic-habitat-mapping-majuro-republic-marshall-islands/&sa=D&source=editors&ust=1628131362376000&usg=AOvVaw2vLCT4Xkcu173v8MGO8RQ

Marshall Islands - Majuro AtollNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Kendall et al.

Kendall, M.S., T.A. Battista, and C. Menza. 2012. Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands Coral Reef Ecosystems Mapping Report. NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Center for Coastal Monitoring, Biogeography Branch. Silver Spring, Maryland. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 144. 19 pp.
https://coastalscience.noaa.gov/project/benthic-habitat-mapping-majuro-republic-marshall-islands/

Marshall Islands - Rongelap, Majuro, Rongerik, AilukUniversity of Leeds, University of Queensland WA Museum, James Cook UniversityDr. Maria Beger, Dr. Zoe Richards, Dr. Doug Fenner

Martin, T.S.H., Connolly, R.M., Olds, A.D., Ceccarelli, D.M., Fenner, D.E., Schlacher, T.A. & Beger, M. (2017). Subsistence fishing on Pacific atolls can maintain near-pristine fish communities. ICES Journal of Marine Science, fsx043.

Richards, Z.T. & Beger, M. (2013). Regional conservation status of scleractinian coral biodiversity in the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Diversity 5, 522-540.

Beger, M., Richards, Z.T., Jacobson, D., Emslie, M. & Hess, D. (2011). Majuro Atoll temporal monitoring report, 2010. Report to NOAA. College of the Marshall Islands, Australian Museum, The University of Queensland, Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands, p. 25.

MartiniqueReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

MauritiusReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection.

MayotteCoastal Oceans Research and Development – Indian Ocean (CORDIO)David Obura

Obura DO, Bigot L, Benzoni F. 2018. Coral responses to a repeat bleaching event in Mayotte in 2010. PeerJ 6:e5305 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5305

MayotteParc naturel marin de MayotteJeanne Wagner

Data collected as part of the Coral reef observatory from Mayotte and provided by Naomi Scholten (PNMM). We are grateful to the research office CREOCEAN who led the field work and the analysis.

MexicoCentro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada, Baja California (CICESE) - Laboratorio de Esclerocronología, Ecología y Pesquerías de la Zona CosteraDr. Luis Eduardo Calderon

Data provided by CICESE - Coral Reef Monitoring of the Mexican Pacific reefs  

Reyes Bonilla, H. (2005). Atlas de corales pétreos (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) del Pacífico mexicano (No. Sirsi) i970270779X). Centro de Investigación Científica y Educación Superior de Ensenada.

Norzagaray-López, C. O., Calderón-Aguilera, L. E., Álvarez-Filip, L., Barranco-Servin, L. M., Cabral-Tena, R. A., Carricart-Ganivet, J. P., ... & Tortolero-Langarica, J. A. (2019). Arrecifes y comunidades coralinas. In Estado del Ciclo del Carbono: Agenda Azul y Verde. Programa Mexicano del Carbono. Texcoco, Estado de México, México (p. 716).

Calderon-Aguilera, L. E., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Olán-González, M., Castañeda-Rivero, F. R., & Perusquía-Ardón, J. C. (2021). Estimated flows and biomass in a no-take coral reef from the eastern tropical Pacific through network analysis. Ecological Indicators, 123, 107359.

MexicoBiodiversity and Reef Conservation Laboratory, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Dr. Lorenzo Alvarez-Filip

Unpublished data provided by Biodiversity and Reef Conservation Laboratory.
www.barcolab.org 

MexicoComisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (CONABIO)Dr. Sergio Cerdeira-Estrada, Susana Perera Valderrama, Laura Rosique, Hansel Caballero, Raul Martell Dubois

Cerdeira-Estrada, S., M.I. Martínez-Clorio, L.O. Rosique-De La Cruz, M. Kolb, A.M. Gonzales-Posada, A. Uribe-Martínez, R. Martell-Dubois, J.R. Garza-Pérez, L. Alvarez-Filip, M.I. Cruz-López, R. Ressl. 2018. 'Cobertura Bentónica de los Ecosistemas Marinos del Caribe Mexicano: Cabo Catoche - Xcalak. 2018'. Escala: 1:8000. Edición: 2. CONABIO, EOMAP, UNAM. México. Palafox Juárez E. B. & Liceaga Correa M. A. (2013) Vegetación acuática sumergida de la Región Centro - Poniente del estado de Yucatán, escala: 1:450,000. edición: 1. Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional - Unidad Mérida. Mérida, Yucatán.

Point data shared by CONABIO from project ArrecifeSAM


Mexico Reef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Mexico - Mexican Caribbean and the Campeche BankMarine Ecology Department, University of Bremen, Germany Biodiversity and Reef Conservation Laboratory, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)Ms. Xochitl E. Elías Ilosvay and Dr. Lorenzo Alvarez-Filip

Elías Ilosvay, X. E., Contreras-Silva, A. I., Alvarez-Filip, L., & Wild, C. (2020). Coral Reef Recovery in the Mexican Caribbean after 2005 Mass Coral Mortality—Potential Drivers. Diversity, 12(9), 338.

Mexico - RevillagegidoNational Geographic, Pristine SeasDr. Alan Friedlander

Unpublished

Mexico, Panama, NicaraguaEcosistemas y Conservación, Proazul Terrestre A.C.Arturo Ayala Bocos , Dr. Jenny Carolina Rodriguez Villalobos

Field data collected and provided by Ecosistemas y Conservación Proazul Terrestre A.C.

MicronesiaMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

MicronesiaUniversity of GuamPeter Houk

Houk P, Camacho R, Johnson S, McLean M, Maxin S, Anson J, et al. (2015) The Micronesia Challenge: Assessing the Relative Contribution of Stressors on Coral Reefs to Facilitate Science-toManagement Feedback. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0130823. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.

The Allen Coral Atlas makes use of data products provided by the Micronesia Coral Reef Monitoring Program, the University of Guam Marine Laboratory, Yap Marine Resources, Yap Community Action Program, Chuuk Marine Resources, Chuuk Conservation Society, Pohnpei State Fisheries, Conservation Society of Pohnpei, Kosrae Conservation and Safety Organization, Kosrae Islands Resources Management Agency, Marshall Islands Marine Resources Authority, the Marshall Islands Conservation Society, and the College of the Marshall Islands.

Micronesia - Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), PalauReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

MonserratReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

MontserratCoral Cay Conservation, Montserrat Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Housing & Environment (MALHE)Thomas Dallison

Montserrat Ridge to Reef Conservation Project (MRRCP)
Conclusive technical publication; Dallison, T. & Sorrell, M. (2020). Montserrat Ridge to Reef Conservation Project; a summary of the marine coastal zone and recommendations for management. Coral Cay Conservation. Tongham, United Kingdom.
Mid-term technical publication; Dallison, T. & Ferguson, A. (2017). Coral Cay Conservation Marine Progress Report, Montserrat 2013 – 2016. Coral Cay Conservation. Tongham, United Kingdom.

MozambiqueReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

MozambiqueCentro de Investigação e conservação AmbientalJoao Macuio, Celina Lupaka, Antumane Arabe, Isabel Marques da Silva, Erwan Sola, Celina Lupaka

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

MyanmarMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

MyanmarFlora and Fauna InternationalU Soe Htun

Soe-Htun, U., Maung, A., Mon, S., Ha, S. T., Aung, S. T., Lwin, A. M. & Lunn, Z. (2015). Seagrass conservation and monitoring in Myanmar: the biodiversity, distribution and coverage of seagrasses in the Tanintharyi and Rakhine.

MyanmarFlora and Fauna International (supported by Woodside Myanmar)Sue Murray-Jones

Murray-Jones, S. (Ed.). 2020. Marine and coastal biodiversity of the Mawtin Coast: Survey results and conservation recommendations. Capacity Building for Coastal Biodiversity Monitoring, Mawtin Coast Partnership, Myanmar. Pp 137. MCAP Report No 10, FFI, Yangon. ISBN: 9 789997 109231

MyanmarWildlife Conservation SocietyMeira Mizrahi, Hedley Grantham

Phototransects collected in 2019 around Myanmar.  Wildlife Conservation Society

MyanmarFlora and Fauna International, Department of Fisheries (MOALI)U Zau Lunn

Howard, R. (Ed.) (2018). Marine Biodiversity of Myeik Archipelago: Survey Results 2013-2017 and Conservation Recommendations. Tanintharyi Conservation Programme, a joint initiative of Fauna & Flora International, the Myanmar Forest Department and Department of Fisheries. (Unpublished Data)

MyanmarFlora and Fauna InternationalU Soe-Htun

Soe-Htun, U., Maung, A., Mon, S., Ha, S. T., Aung, S. T., Lwin, A. M., & Lunn, Z. (2015). Seagrass conservation and monitoring in Myanmar: the biodiversity, distribution and coverage of seagrasses in the Tanintharyi and Rakhine. 

Myanmar - Lampi Island, Marine National ParkCNR-IREA, Optical Remote Sensing GroupClaudia Giardino

Giardino, C., Bresciani, M., Fava, F., Matta, E., Brando, V. E., & Colombo, R. (2016). Mapping submerged habitats and mangroves of Lampi Island Marine National Park (Myanmar) from in situ and satellite observations. Remote Sensing, 8(1), 2.

Netherlands - St. Eustatius, Double-WreckViseaon Marine Imaging Lab, Hatter Dept. of Marine Technologies, Univ. of Haifa & Caribbean Netherland Science Institute, St. EustatiusMatan Yuval, Aviad Avni, Tali Treibitz

Yuval, Matan, et al. "Repeatable semantic reef-mapping through photogrammetry and label-augmentation." Remote Sensing 13.4 (2021): 659.

Netherlands AntillesReef Check Dr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Netherlands AntillesReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

Netherlands Antilles - BonaireWageningen Marine Research, Wageningen Enviromental ResearchDr. Erik H. Meesters, Dr. Sander Mucher

Mücher, S., Suomalainen, J., Stuiver, J., Meesters, E. & Mücher, S.  Wageningen Marine Research report ; C062/17 (Wageningen Marine Research, Den Helder, 2017).

Netherlands Antilles - BonaireWageningen Marine Research (the Netherlands)Dr. Erik H. Meesters

de Bakker, D. M., van Duyl, F. C., Perry, C. T. & Meesters, E. H. Extreme spatial heterogeneity in carbonate accretion potential on a Caribbean fringing reef linked to local human disturbance gradients. Global Change Biol. 25, 4092-4104, doi:10.1111/gcb.14800 (2019).

Netherlands Antilles - Saba and St. EustatiusWageningen Marine ResearchDr. Erik H. Meesters, Dr. A.O. Debrot
New CaledoniaMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

New CaledoniaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

NicaraguaReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

Northern Mariana Islands - SaipanNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Dr. Matt Kendall, Bryan Costa

Kendall, M., B. Costa, S. McKagan, and L. Johnston. 2017. Benthic habitat maps of Saipan Lagoon, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (NCEI Accession 0162517). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5NV9GB9.

Oman - Strait of HormuzNYU Abu Dhabi, Qatar UniversityDr. Greta Aeby, Dr. John Burt, Dr. Emily Howells, Dr. David Abrego, Dr. Thierry Work

Aeby, G. S., Howells, E., Work, T., Abrego, D., Williams, G. J., Wedding, L. M., Caldwell, J. M., Moritsch, M., & Burt, J. A. (2020). Localized outbreaks of coral disease on Arabian reefs are linked to extreme temperatures and environmental stressors. Coral Reefs, 39(3), 829-846. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-020-01928-4 

Pakistan - Astola IslandGeospatial Research & Education Lab (GREL), Dept. of Space Science, Institute of Space Technology IslamabadIqbal, A. (2018)

Iqbal, A., Qazi, W. A., Shahzad, N., & Nazeer, M. (2018, November). Identification and mapping of coral reefs using Landsat 8 OLI in Astola Island, Pakistan coastal ocean. In 2018 14th International Conference on Emerging Technologies (ICET) (pp. 1-6). IEEE.

Pakistan - Astola IslandInstitute of Space Technology Islamabad, PakistanIqbal et al. (2018)

Iqbal, A., Qazi, W. A., Shahzad, N., & Nazeer, M. (2018). Identification and mapping of coral reefs using Landsat 8 OLI in Astola Island, Pakistan coastal ocean. In 2018 14th International Conference on Emerging Technologies (ICET) (pp. 1-6). IEEE.

PalauNational Geographic, Pristine SeasDr. Alan Friedlander

Friedlander, Alan M. et al. (2018), Data from: Size, age, and habitat determine effectiveness of Palau's Marine Protected Areas, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tp3j5.

PalauNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Tim Battista, John Christensen

Battista, T.A., Costa, B.M., and S.M. Anderson, S.M. 2007. Shallow-Water Benthic Habitats of the Republic of Palau. NOAA Technical Memorandum. NOS NCCOS 59, Biogeography Branch. Silver Spring, MD.

PanamaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

PanamaMarine and Coastal Development Unit, Argyll and Bute CouncilBenfield, S. L. (2007)

Benfield, S. L., Guzman, H. M., Mair, J. M., & Young, J. A. T. (2007). Mapping the distribution of coral reefs and associated sublittoral habitats in Pacific Panama: a comparison of optical satellite sensors and classification methodologies. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 28(22), 5047-5070.

Panama - Pacific and Caribbean reefsReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

Papua New GuineaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Papua New GuineaReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G. J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

Papua New GuineaThe Nature ConservancyDr. Peter Waldie, Elliot Tovaboda, Manuai Matawai

Papua New Guinea Seacucumber Survey, benthic transect data 2017-2019; The Nature Conservancy

Papua New Guinea - Arnavon IslandsThe Nature ConservancySimon Vuto, Dr. Peter Waldie

Arnavon Islands Rapid Ecological Assessment 2019; The Nature Conservancy

Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Sea The Nature ConservancyTurak et al. (2009)

Turak, E., DeVantier, L. & Veron, J.E.N. (2009). Coral Communities and Reef Health. In: Hamilton, R., Green, A. & Almany, J. (eds.) 2009. Rapid Ecological Assessment: Northern Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea. Technical report of survey conducted August 13 to September 7, 2006. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/09.

Papua New Guinea - Kar Kar IslandNational University of Singapore and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaAndrew G. Bauman, Joshua E. Cinner

Bauman, A.G. & Cinner, J.E. Benthic transect data  Ahus Is. and Kar Kar Is., Papua New Guinea.

Papua New Guinea - Kimbe BayMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

Papua New Guinea - Kimbe BaySchool of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, James Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaJones et al.

Jones, G. P., McCormick, M. I., Srinivasan, M., & Eagle, J. V. (2004). Coral decline threatens fish biodiversity in marine reserves. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101(21), 8251-8253. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0401277101

Papua New Guinea - Kimbe Bay The Nature ConservancyTurak and Aitsi (2002)

Turak, E. & Aitsi, J. (Eds.) 2002. Assessment of coral biodiversity and status of coral reefs of East Kimbe Bay, New Britain, PNG 2002. Report to The Nature Conservancy as part of the Eastern Kimbe Bay Rapid Ecological Assessment, December 2002.

Papua New Guinea - Lihir IslandCSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, AustraliaMichael DE Haywood

Haywood, M.D.E., Dennis, D., Thomson, D.P., & Pillans, R.D. (2016). Mine waste disposal leads to lower coral cover, reduced species richness and a predominance of simple coral growth forms on a fringing coral reef in Papua New Guinea. Marine Environmental Research, 115, 36-48

Papua New Guinea - Milne Bay ProvinceConservation InternationalAllen et al. (2003)

Allen, G., Kinch, J., McKenna, S., & Seeto, P. (2003). A Rapid Marine Biodiversity Assessment of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea: Survey II (2000).  RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 29. Conservation International, Washington, DC, USA.

Papua New Guinea - Northern Bismarck Sea The Nature ConservancyDr. Alison Green

Hamilton, R., Green, A. & Almany, J. (eds.) 2009. Rapid Ecological Assessment: Northern Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea. Technical report of survey conducted August 13 to September 7, 2006. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/09.

PhilippinesInstitute of Fisheries Research and Development, Mindanao State University at NaawanDr. Wilfredo Hojilla Uy

Seagrass data provided by Dr. Wilfredo Hojilla Uy

PhilippinesAlfred Shields FSC Ocean Research Center De La Salle UniversityDr. Wilfredo Y. Licuanan

Coral reef benthic data from 206 stations around the Philippines provided by Dr. Wilfredo Y. Licuanan and his team.

PhilippinesUniversity of the Philippines Marine Science InstitutePatrick Lawrence P. Cadeliña, Caryl S. Benjamin, Dr. Aletta T. Yñiguez, Dr. Cesar L. Villanoy

Benjamin, C. S., Cadeliña, P. L. P., Yñiguez, A. T., & Villanoy, C. L. (2019). Development and application of a low-cost rapid assessment system for coastal benthic habitats. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 191(10), 633. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-019-7808-2

*These data were collected as part of the "National Assessment of Coral Reef Environments" program funded by the Department of Science and Technology - Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic, and Natural Resources Research and Development, and the "Enhancing Coral Reef management through Tools Assessing Coral Conditions and Connections" program supported by Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Development - University of the Philippines, Diliman

PhilippinesRare-Philippines, University of Philippines Marine Science Institute (UP-MSI) and Marine Environmental and Resources Foundation Inc. (MERF)Dr. Michael Atrigenio, Roquelito Mancao

Benthic habitat data from transect studies in marine protected areas

PhilippinesNational University of Singapore and Department of Biosciences, Swansea University, Swansea, UKDr. Andrew G. Bauman and Dr. Fraser A. Januchowski-Hartley

Bauman, A.G. & Januchowski-Hartley, F.A. Benthic transect data 

Philippines - Cuatro Islas, TaclobanPhilippine Science High School - Eastern Visayas Campus, Department of Science and TechnologyProf. Janeth Morata-Fuentes

Castillejos, J., Collantes, C. A., Trinchera, H., & Morata-Fuentes, J. (2018). Community Structure of Seagrasses in Cuatro Islas, Philippines. International Proceedings of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, 103. https://doi.org/10.7763/IPCBEE 

Philippines - Cebu ProvincePeople and the Sea NGODr. Alicia Dalongeville, Axelle Jorcin, Ian Mills
Philippines - Cebu ProvincePeople and the Sea NGOAlice Vincent, Dr. Alicia Dalongeville, Axelle Jorcin, Ian Mills

Vincent Alice (2019) A Comparison of Marine Habitat Map Creation. Master thesis, University Paul Valery Montpellier  


Philippines - Danajon BankSchool of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of QueenslandDr. Chris Roelfsema

Selgrath, J. C., Roelfsema, C., Gergel, S. E., & Vincent, A. C. (2016). Mapping for coral reef conservation: comparing the value of participatory and remote sensing approaches. Ecosphere, 7(5), e01325. 

Philippines - Dauin, Negros OrientalInstitute for Marine ResearchInstitute for Marine Research

These data were contributed by the Institute of Marine Research, see www.institutemarineresearch.org

Philippines - Gingoog Bay, Palawan, ZamboangaDepartment of Geodetic, University of the PhilippinesAyin Tamondong

Tamondong, A., Cruz, C., Guihawan, J., Garcia, M., Quides, R. R., Cruz, J., & Blanco, A. (2018). Remote sensing-based estimation of seagrass percent cover and LAI for above ground carbon sequestration mapping. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2324695

Type of data: Existing point data


Philippines - Southern LeyteCoral Cay Conservation, Provincial Government of Southern Leyte (PGSL), Provincial Environmental and Natural Resources Management Office (PENRMO)Thomas Dallison

Southern Leyte Coral Reef Conservation Project (LRCP) - Most recent publication: Elston, C., Dallison, T. & Jones, P. (2020). Factors influencing the abundance patterns of reef fish functional guilds in two coastal bays, Philippines. Ocean & Coastal Management, 198: 105386. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2020.105386

Pitcairn IslandsNational Geographic, Pristine SeasDr. Alan Friedlander

Friedlander, A. M., Caselle, J. E., Ballesteros, E., Brown, E. K., Turchik, A. & Sala, E. (2014). The real bounty: marine biodiversity in the Pitcairn Islands. PloS one, 9(6), e100142. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0100142

Pitcairn IslandsReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

Pitcairn IslandsMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD/UR 128, Centre de Nouméa).Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

Puerto RicoReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Puerto RicoPuerto Rico Department of Natural and Environmental Resources (DNER)Miguel Figuerola-Hernández, José Santiago, Ernesto Díaz, Jorge Capella, Julio Morell, Abby Benson

Department of Natural and Environmental Resources of Puerto Rico (2019) Puerto Rico Long-Term Coral Reef Monitoring Program Database Compilation (1999-2019). Ocean Biogeographic Information System. Dataset. https://obis.org/dataset/52f99f08-fc90-4684-aea8-a015150968ea

Puerto RicoNational Geographic SocietyBrianna Bambic and Brett Lotz

Ground truth data collected by the National Geographic Society team for the Allen Coral Atlas

Puerto RicoNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Bauer, L.J. et al (2012)

Bauer, L.J., K. Edwards, K.K.W. Roberson, M.S. Kendall, S. Tormey, and T.A. Battista. 2012. Shallow-water benthic habitats of Southwest Puerto Rico. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOAA NOS NCCOS 155. Silver Spring, MD. 39 pp. https://coastalscience.noaa.gov/project/benthic-habitat-mapping-off-southwest-puerto-rico/

Puerto Rico - Caja de Muertos Island Nature ReserveDepartment of Marine Sciences University of Puerto Rico–Mayagüez and Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies Texas A&M University-Corpus ChristiMariana C. León-Pérez

León-Pérez, M. C., Hernández, W. J., & Armstrong, R. A. (2019). Characterization and Distribution of Seagrass Habitats in a Caribbean Nature Reserve using High-Resolution Satellite Imagery and Field Sampling. Journal of Coastal Research, 35(5). https://doi.org/10.2112/jcoastres-d-18-00106.1

Puerto Rico and Culebra IslandNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Kågesten et al. (2015)

Kågesten, G., W. Sautter, K. Edwards, B. Costa, L. Kracker, and T. Battista. 2015. Shallow-water benthic habitats of Northeast Puerto Rico and Culebra Island. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 200. Silver Spring, MD. 112 pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.7289/V5Z899FH . https://coastalscience.noaa.gov/project/benthic-habitat-mapping-northeast-puerto-rico-culebra/

QatarEnvironmental Management Division, ExxonMobil Research Qatar, Qatar Science and Technology Park, QatarButler et al.

Butler, J. D., Purkis, S. J., Yousif, R., Al-Shaikh, I., & Warren, C. (2020). A high-resolution remotely sensed benthic habitat map of the Qatari coastal zone. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 160, 111634.

Butler, J. D., Purkis, L. M., Purkis, S. J., Yousif, R., & Al-Shaikh, I. (2021). A benthic habitat sensitivity analysis of Qatar's coastal zone. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 167, 112333.

Qatar - Arabian GulfQatar UniversityDr. Greta Aeby, Dr. Pedro Range, Dr. Radhouane Ben Hamadou, Dr. Jessica Bouwmeester

Fanning, L. M., Al-Naimi, M. N., Range, P., Ali, A.-S. M., Bouwmeester, J., Al-Jamali, F., Burt, J. A., & Ben-Hamadou, R. (2021). Applying the ecosystem services - EBM framework to sustainably manage Qatar's coral reefs and seagrass beds. Ocean & Coastal Management, 205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2021.105566 

Reunion IslandInstitut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer (IFREMER)Dr. Touria Bajjouk

Bajjouk T, Mouquet P, Ropert M, Quod J-P, Hoarau L, Bigot L, Le Dantec N, Delacourt C, & Populus J. (2019). Detection of changes in shallow coral reef status: towards a spatial approach using hyperspectral and multispectral data. Ecological Indicators 96(1): 174 – 191.

Saint Kitts and NevisReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Saint LuciaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Saint MartinReef Check Dr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection.

Saint Vicent and the GrenadinesReef Check Dr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

SamoaJustus-Liebig-Universität GießenMaren Ziegler

Ziegler M, Quéré G, Ghiglione J-F, Iwankow G, Barbe V, Boissin E, Wincker P, Planes S, and Voolstra CR (2018) Status of coral reefs of Upolu (Independent State of Samoa) in the South West Pacific and recommendations to promote resilience and recovery of coastal ecosystems. Marine Pollution Bulletin 129:392-398.

Saudi ArabiaLaboratory of Harbor Works, Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, National Technical University of AthensChalastani, V. I. et al. (2020)

Chalastani, V. I., Manetos, P., Al-Suwailem, A. M., Hale, J. A., Vijayan, A. P., Pagano, J., ... & Duarte, C. M. (2020). Reconciling Tourism Development and Conservation Outcomes Through Marine Spatial Planning for a Saudi Giga-Project in the Red Sea (The Red Sea Project, Vision 2030). Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, 168.

Saudi ArabiaRed Sea Research Center, Division of Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and TechnologyRoberts et al. (2016)

Roberts, M. B., Jones, G. P., McCormick, M. I., Munday, P. L., Neale, S., Thorrold, S., ... & Berumen, M. L. (2016). Homogeneity of coral reef communities across 8 degrees of latitude in the Saudi Arabian Red Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 105(2), 558-565.

Saudi ArabiaThe Red Sea Project Dr. Ivor Williams

TRSP-KAUST Baseline

Saudi ArabiaCoral Reef ResearchDr. Lyndon DeVantier, Emre Turak

DeVantier, L.M., Turak, E., De’Ath, G., Al-Shaikh, K.A. (2000) Coral communities of the central-northern Saudi Arabian Red Sea. Fauna of Arabia 18: 23-66
DeVantier, L.M., Turak, E., Al-Shaikh, K.A. (2005) Coral bleaching in the central-northern Saudi Arabian Red Sea, August-September 1998. In: Abuzinada, A. (Ed.) Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Extent and Impact of Coral Reef Bleaching in the Arabian Region. National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Publ.

Saudi ArabiaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Saudi ArabiaNEOMGiacomo Palavicini

Ground truth data collected by NEOM team for the Allen Coral Atlas

Saudi Arabia - Red SeaKAUST, University of HawaiiGreta Aeby, Christian Voolstra, Amanda Shore, Thor Jensen

These data were kindly contributed by Greta Aeby, Christian Voolstra, Amanda Shore and Thor Jensen.

Saudi Arabia- Al Wajh Bank, Ras Al Qasabah, Yanabu, Farasan Banks, Farasan IslandsKhaled bin Sultan Living Oceans FoundationDr. Sam Purkis

Bruckner, A., G. Rowlands, B. Riegl, S. Purkis, A. Williams, and P. Renaud (2012) Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation Atlas of Saudi Arabian Red Sea Marine Habitats. Panoramic Press, pp. 262.

We owe a debt of gratitude to the host nations of the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Global Reef Expedition who not only permitted our team to work in their countries, but also provided both logistical and scientific support. We are similarly indebted to the crew of the M/Y Golden Shadow, through the generosity of HRH Prince Khaled bin Sultan, for their inexhaustible help in the field. The project would have been impossible without the 200 scientists who participated in the Global Reef Expedition.

SeychellesReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection.

SeychellesIsland Conservation Society (ICS)Norman Weber - Chief Executive Officer

Data was produced by the Climate Science & Data Management Section within the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change in Seychelles under the GoS-UNDP-GEF project titled ‘Expansion and Strengthening of the Protected Area Subsystem of the Outer Islands of Seychelles and its Integration into the broader land and seascape (2014-2020)’. Data ownership lies with the Island Conservation Society.

SeychellesGreen Island FoundationMariliana Leotta

These data were collected in partnership with University of Seychelles and Blue Economy research Institute as part of the Long Term Marine Monitoring Program at Denis, Fregate and North Islands, Seychelles, supported by the The Seychelles Conservation and Climate Adaptation Trust (SeyCCAT) and generously funded by Denis Private Island, Fregate Island Private and North Island LTD.

SeychellesSustainable Oceans SeychellesLéo Barret, Gilberte Gendron and Dr. Nathalie Bodin

Allen Coral Atlas in partnership with CORDIO

SeychellesNational Geographic, Pristine SeasDr. Alan Friedlander

Friedlander AM, Ballesteros E, Beets J, Brown EK, Fay JM, Haupt P, Henning B, Rose P, Sala E. 2015. Biodiversity and ecosystem health of the Aldabra Group, southern Seychelles: Scientific report to the government of Seychelles. National Geographic Pristine Seas.

SeychellesLancaster UniversityDr. Nick Graham

Wilson, S.K., Robinson, J.P.W., Chong-Seng, K. et al. Coral Reefs (2019) 38: 625. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-019-01818-4.

SingaporeNational University of Singapore and Department of Biosciences, Swansea University, Swansea, UKDr. Andrew G. Bauman

Bauman, A.G. Benthic transect data, reefs of Singapore

Solomon IslandsMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

Solomon IslandsMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

Solomon IslandsReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G. J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

Solomon IslandsThe Nature ConservancyTurak (2006)

Turak, E. (2006). Coral Communities and Reef Health. In: Green, A., Lokani, P.,  Atu, W., Ramohia, P., Thomas, P. & Almany, J. (eds.). (2006). Solomon Islands Marine Assessment: Technical report of survey conducted May 13 to June 17, 2004. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/06.

Solomon IslandsThe Nature ConservancyHughes (2006)

Hughes, A. (2006). Benthic Communities. In: Green, A., Lokani, P., Atu, W., Ramohia,   P., Thomas,  P. & Almany, J. (eds.). (2006). Solomon Islands Marine Assessment: Technical report of survey conducted May 13 to June 17, 2004. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/06.

Solomon IslandsCentre for Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research (TropWATER), James Cook University, Cairns, AustraliaLen McKenzie

Seagrass meadows of the Solomon Islands, derived from field surveys conducted 13 May and 16 June 2004. McKenzie, L.J., Campbell, S.J. & Lasi, F.

Solomon IslandsWildlife Conservation Society (WCS)Dr. Stacey Jupiter, Alec Hughes

Phototransects collected in 2019 around Morovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands.  Wildlife Conservation Society

Solomon IslandsThe University of Queensland, Brisbane, AustraliaDr. Chris Roelfsema, Dr. Simon Albert, Prof. Stuart Phinn

Roelfsema, C., Simon, A. & Stuart, R. (2013): Habitat map of Roviana Reef, Solomon Islands derived from a high-spatial-resolution multi-spectral satellite image using object based image analysis. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.831039

Solomon Islands - East RennellThe University of Queensland, Brisbane, AustraliaAlbert et al. (2013)

Albert, S., Ramohia, P., Olds A., Leve, T. & Kvennefor, C. (2013). Survey of the condition of the marine ecosystem within the East Rennell World Heritage Area, Solomon Islands

Type of data: Published paper or report

SolomonsReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

South AfricaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

South China Sea - Spratly Islands and Dongsha (Pratas) AtollSamara State University of Social Science and Education/Vietnam-Russian Tropical Scientific Research and Technological Center/Dongsha Atoll Research Station (Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan, R.O.C.)Konstantin S. Tkachenko

Tkachenko, K. S., Hoang, D. T., & Dang, H. N. (2020). Ecological status of coral reefs in the Spratly Islands, South China Sea (East sea) and its relation to thermal anomalies. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106722  

Tkachenko, K. S., & Soong, K. (2017). Dongsha Atoll: A potential thermal refuge for reef-building corals in the South China Sea. Mar Environ Res, 127, 112-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2017.04.003

South China Sea - Swallow ReefArizona State University (ASU) Center for Global Discovery and Conservation Science, HawaiiProf. Gregory P. Asner

Asner, G. P., Martin, R. E., Mascaro, J., Williams, R., & Boyd, D. (2017). Coral reef atoll assessment in the South China Sea using Planet Dove satellites. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation, 3(2), 57-65. https://doi.org/10.1002/rse2.42

South China Sea - Xiasha IslandsNational Ocean Technology Center, SOA, Tianjin in ChinaTian et al. (2020)

Tian, Z., Zhu, J., & Han, B. (2020). Research on coral reefs monitoring using WorldView-2 image in the Xiasha Islands (Vol. 11427). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2553067 

Sri LankaMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

Sri LankaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Sri LankaBlue Resources TrustSusantha Udagedara

Susantha Udagedara, 2020. Segrass Distribution in Sri Lanka and India. Blue Resources Trust

Sri LankaOcean Resources Conservation Association (ORCA)Prasanna Weerakkody

"Dugong and Sea grass Conservation Project"  Implemented by Ocean Resources Conservation Association (ORCA) -Funded by GEF/UNEP/ CMS/ Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund  Project title: Increasing knowledge on sea grass habitats and Dugong distribution at selected sites in North -Western Sri Lanka

Sri LankaBlue Resources TrustNishan Perera

BRT. Coral Reef Benthic data and habitat maps, Sri Lanka, India.

Sri Lanka - Palk StraitMonitoring and Evaluation Division, National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency, Crow Island, Sri LankaWeragodatenna & Gunarathne (2016)

Weragodatenna, D. D., & Gunarathne, A. K. (2016). Detection of aquatic habitats by Geo-Eye satellite images at the Palk Strait, Sri Lanka. Asian Journal of Geoinformatics, 15.

SudanReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

TanzaniaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

TanzaniaWildlife Conservation Society (WCS) - TanzaniaMichael Markovina

These data were collected as part of the Allen Coral Atlas's partnership with the WCS MACMON monitoring program, generously funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies Vibrant Oceans partnership, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

TanzaniaCORDIOMishal Gudka

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

ThailandDepartment of Marine and Coastal ResourcesDr. Lalita Putchim

Coral distribution map of Thailand by the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources

ThailandDepartment of Biological Sciences National University of SingaporeLoh et al. (2004)

Loh, T., Chaipichit, S., Songploy, S., & Chou, L. (2004). The status of coral reefs of Surin Islands, Thailand, based on surveys in December 2004 [REST Technical Report](7). 

ThailandPhuket Marine Biological Center, Department of Marine and Coastal ResourcesAdulyanukosol et al. (2006)

Adulyanukosol, K., & Poovachiranon, S. (2006). Dugong (Dugong dugon) and seagrass in Thailand: present status and future challenges Proc. 3rd Int. Symp. SEASTAR and Asian Bio-logging Science.

ThailandReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

ThailandDepartment of Marine and Coastal ResourcesDr. Lalita Putchim

Coral distribution map of Thailand by the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources

The Chagos Archipelago, Central Indian OceanUniversity College LondonDan Bayley, Andrew Mogg

Imagery was produced by the UCL Centre for Biodiversity and Environment Research, and Tritonia Scientific. The work was conducted within the project ‘Monitoring Coral Reefs in the British Indian Ocean Territory’ (2016-2019). Work was generously funded by the Bertarelli Foundation, NERC, and the Zoological Society of London.

The Chagos Archipelago, Central Indian OceanSchool of Ocean Sciences, Bangor UniversitySivajyodee Sannassy Pilly, Dr. Ronan Roche, Prof. John R Turner

Sannassy Pilly et al - in Prep

Timor LesteNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (NOAA-CREP) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (NOAA-CREP)

Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center - PIFSC. (2017). Interdisciplinary baseline ecosystem assessment surveys to inform ecosystem-based management planning in Timor-Leste: Final Report. NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, PIFSC Special Publication, SP-17-02, 234p. doi: 10.7289/V5/SP-PIFSC-17-002 https://www.coris.noaa.gov/activities/projects/timor-leste/tl_data2.html

Timor LesteGlobal Change Institute, University of QueenslandDr. Catherine Kim

Kim, C.J.S. (2020) Drivers of benthic composition, cryptic marine biodiversity, and coral health in Timor-Leste [Doctoral thesis]. The University of Queensland.  With thanks to the Timor-Leste Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries. 

Kim, C. J., Roelfsema, C. M., Dove, S., & Hoegh-Guldberg, O. (2020). The condition of coral reefs in Timor-Leste before and after the 2016-2017 marine heatwave. bioRxiv.

Timor LesteSeagrass-WatchHouse et al

House, Jennifer E; Magno, Xisto; Monteiro, Jose; Lopes, Julio; de Araujo, Simão; Mendes, R; Gomes, Jemima; Joaquim, Dina; Piludu, Nicola; McKenzie, Len J (2020): Seagrass community data derived from field surveys at Atauro Island and north coast Timor-Leste, conducted April 2017 to June 2018. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.912824

Timor SeaSeaMap Australia: University of TasmaniaDr. Vanessa Lucieer, Peter Walsh, Dr. Emma Flukes, Claire Butler, Dr. Roger Proctor, Prof. Craig Johnson

Lucieer, V., Walsh, P., Flukes, E., Butler, C., Proctor, R. & Johnson, C. (2017). Seamap Australia - a national seafloor habitat classification scheme. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), University of Tasmania (UTAS).

TokelauReef Life SurveysProf. Graham Edgar

Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Reef Life Survey (RLS): Survey Locations. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS). Data accessed at https://catalogue-rls.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?uuid=4972fa20-195b-41e4-bee8-8175d6ac792b on [25/05/2020].   Associated data paper:  Edgar, G.J. & Stuart-Smith, R.D. (2020). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program. Scientific Data, 1(1), 1-8. Article 140007. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.7 ISSN 2052-4463 (2014) 

TokelauMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD/UR 128, Centre de Nouméa).Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

TongaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

TongaJames Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaDr. Patrick Smallhorn-West

Smallhorn-West P. F., Malimali S., Halafihi T., Stone K., Ceccarelli D., Bridge T., Pressey R., Jones G. Kingdom of Tonga coral reef outlook report. Tonga. 2016-2020. James Cook University and the Australian Research Council Centre for Excellence in Coral Reef Studies.

Trinidad and TobagoReef Check Dr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Trinidad and TobagoInstitute of Marine AffairsInstitute of Marine Affairs, Dr Anjani Ganase, Hamish Asmath, Buccoo Reef Trust

Point Data provided by the Institute of Marine Affairs. Habitat maps produced by Buccoo Reef Trust. https://www.caribbeanmarineatlas.net/layers/cma_geonode_data:geonode:tv_tto_tobago_buccoo_reef_deatiled_benthic_cl

Turks and Caicos IslandsReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

U.S. Virgin Islands - Fish Bay, Coral Bay and the St. Thomas EastNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Costa, B.M. et al (2013)

Costa, B.M., M.S. Kendall, K. Edwards, G. Kagesten & Battista, T.A.. (2013). Benthic habitats of Fish Bay, Coral Bay and the St. Thomas East End Reserves (NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 175). https://coastalscience.noaa.gov/project/habitat-mapping-us-virgin-islands/

United Arab Emirates - Abu DhabiEnvironment Agency Abu Dhabi (EAD)Environment Agency Abu Dhabi (EAD)

Coral Reef Habitat Map provided by Environment Agency Abu Dhabi (EAD)

United Arab Emirates - Arabian (Persian) Gulf, Gulf of OmanNYU Abu Dhabi, Qatar UniversityDr. Greta Aeby, Dr. John Burt, Dr. Emily Howells, Dr. David Abrego, Dr. Thierry Work

Aeby, G. S., Howells, E., Work, T., Abrego, D., Williams, G. J., Wedding, L. M., Caldwell, J. M., Moritsch, M., & Burt, J. A. (2020). Localized outbreaks of coral disease on Arabian reefs are linked to extreme temperatures and environmental stressors. Coral Reefs, 39(3), 829-846. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-020-01928-4 

United States of AmericaReef Check Dr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

United States of America - FloridaMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

United States of America - FloridaFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation CommissionFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission

Florida Fish and Wildlife Research Institute (FWRI). 2014. Unified Florida Coral Reef Tract Map v2. GIS Metadata. Online linkage: http://ocean.floridamarine.org/IntegratedReefMap/UnifiedReefTract.htm.

United States of America - FloridaNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission; National Park Service; University of Miami; Nova Southeastern University (2016). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Assessment of coral communities in the Florida Reef Tract from 2014-05-01 to 2014-10-01 (NCEI Accession 0156879). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0156879. Accessed 28 January 2020.

NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS); Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC); University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science (UM-RSMAS); Nova Southeastern University (NSU); Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC); Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP); National Park Service (NPS); Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS); Broward and Miami-Dade counties (2018). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Assessment of coral communities in the Florida Keys Reef Tract from 2016-05-01 to 2016-12-15 (NCEI Accession 0169401). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. 
https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0169401. Accessed 28 January 2020.

NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science; NOAA Southeast Fisheries Science Center (2020). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Assessment of coral communities in the Florida Reef Tract from 2018-06-05 to 2018-12-17 (NCEI Accession 0208322). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. 
https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0208322. Accessed 28 January 2020.

United States of America - Hawaiian IslandsMillennium Coral Reef Mapping Project, Institute for Marine Remote Sensing, University of South Florida (IMaRS/USF) Serge Andréfouët et al.

Andrefouet, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Robinson, J. A., Kranenburg, C. J., Torres-Pulliza, D., Spraggins, S. A., & Murch, B. (2006, June). Global assessment of modern coral reef extent and diversity for regional science and management applications: a view from space. In Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium (Vol. 2, pp. 1732-1745). Japanese Coral Reef Society Okinawa, Japan.

United States of America - Hawaiian IslandsState of HawaiiHawaii Statewide GIS Program

Coral Reef (Nautical Charts).  Copyright: NOAA Raster Nautical Charts, 2002; Hawaii Statewide GIS Program. Accessed 2019 from https://geoportal.hawaii.gov/datasets/coral-reefs

United States of America - Hawaiian IslandsPacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC)Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) (2015) Maps of percent scleractinian coral cover and sand along camera tows and ROV tracks of West Maui and West Hawaii  

United States of America - Hawaiian IslandsUniversity of HawaiiChelsie Counsell, Mary Donovan, Alan Friedlander

Donovan et al. (2019) Coral reef fish and benthic surveys in Hawai‘i synthesized from multiple organizations over twenty years. Scientific Data (in prep).

United States of America - Hawaiian IslandsNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Bryan Costa, Matt Kendall

Costa, B. and M. Kendall. 2016. Marine Biogeographic Assessment of the Main Hawaiian Islands: Synthesized physical and biological data offshore of the Main Hawaiian Islands from 1891-01-01 to 2015-03-01 (NCEI Accession 0155189). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://doi:10.7289/V56H4FG9

United States of America - Hawaiian IslandsUnited States Geological Survey (USGS)Ann Gibbs, Susan Cochran, Joshua Logan, Eric Grossman

Gibbs, A.E., Cochran, S.A., Logan, J.B, and Grossman, E.E., 2007, Benthic habitats and offshore geological resources of Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical park, Hawai`i (ver. 1.1, May 2016): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5256, 62 p.

United States of America - Hawaiian IslandsUnited States Geological Survey (USGS)James Guest, Peter Edmunds, Ruth Gates

Guest, J.R., Edmunds, P.J., Gates, R.D., Kuffner, I.B., Andersson, A.J., Barnes, B.B., Chollett, I., Elahi, R., Courtney, T.A., Gross, K., Lenz, E.A., Mitarai, S., Mumby, P.J., Nelson, H.R., Parker, B.A., Putnam, H.M., and Toth, L.T., 2018, A framework for identifying and characterising coral-reef “oases” against a backdrop of degradation: Journal of Applied Ecology, https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13179.

United States of America - Hawaiian IslandsASU Center for Global Discovery and Conservation ScienceProf. Greg Asner

Allen Coral Atlas Partnership

United States of America - Palmyra AtollNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Battista et al.

2010: Palmyra Atoll Coral Reef Habitat Mapping Completion Report (Prepared by NCCOS and Analytical Laboratories of Hawaii, LLC for The Nature Conservancy [in Hawaii]).
https://coastalscience.noaa.gov/project/benthic-habitat-mapping-palmyra-atoll/

United States of America - Wake Island, Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Plamyra Atoll, Kingman ReefNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Coral Reef Ecosystem Program and Ecosystem Sciences Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center

Coral Reef Ecosystem Program; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2017). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Benthic Cover Derived from Analysis of Benthic Images Collected during Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) across Wake Island from 2014-03-16 to 2014-03-20 (NCEI Accession 0159158). [all subsets]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159158. Accessed [2021].

Coral Reef Ecosystem Program; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2017). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Benthic Cover Derived from Analysis of Benthic Images Collected during Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) across the Pacific Remote Island Areas from 2015-01-26 to 2015-04-28 (NCEI Accession 0159165). [all subsets]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159165. Accessed [2021]. 

Ecosystem Sciences Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2018). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Benthic Cover Derived from Analysis of Benthic Images Collected during Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) at Jarvis Island of the Pacific Remote Island Areas from 2016-05-16 to 2016-05-22 (NCEI Accession 0176560). [all subsets]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0176560. Accessed [2021]. 

Ecosystem Sciences Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2018). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Benthic Cover Derived from Analysis of Benthic Images Collected during Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) across the Pacific Remote Island Areas from 2017-04-02 to 2017-04-23 (NCEI Accession 0176575). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0176575. Accessed [2021]. 

Coral Reef Ecosystem Program; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2017). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Towed-diver Surveys of Benthic Habitats, Key Benthic Species, and Marine Debris Sightings, of Wake Island from 2014-03-16 to 2014-03-17 (NCEI Accession 0157552). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157552. Accessed [2021].

VanuatuC2O PacificDr. Johanna Johnson

Vanuatu data provided by C2O Pacific –Johanna Johnson, Eryn Hooper, Sarah Dwyer and David Welch – with surveys conducted under the SPC RESCCUE project funded by AFD and FFEM, and the PEBACC project funded by SPREP.

VenezuelaReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

VietnamInstitute of Oceanography, Vietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyVo Si Tuan, Phan Kim Hoang, Nguyen Van Long, Thai Minh Quang

Vo, S. T., Phan, K. H., Hua, T. T., Thai, M. Q., & Hoang, X. B. (2020). Genus-specific bleaching at Con Dao Islands, Southern Vietnam, June 2019. Galaxea, Journal of Coral Reef Studies, 22(1), 27-28. https://doi.org/10.3755/galaxea.22.1_27

Phan, K. H., Vo, S. T., Thai, M. Q., Dao, T. H., & Hua, T. T. (2021). Bleaching of coral in Nha Trang, Ninh Thuan, Con Dao and Phu Quoc islands in June–July 2019. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 20, 55-60. https://doi.org/10.15625/1859-3097/15649


Vo, S. T., Hua, T. T., & Phan, K. H. (2019). A study of coral reef resilience and implications of adaptive management and rehabilitation in Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 38(1), 112-117. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-019-1377-7

Kimura, T., Tun, K., & Chou, L. M. (2018). Status of coral reefs in East Asian Seas Region: 2018. Ministry of the Environment of Japan and Japan Wildlife Research Center, Tokyo, Japan, 58

Nguyen, V. L., & Vo, S. T. (2014). Status of Coral Reefs in East Asian Seas Region, Vietnam. Ministry of Environment and Wildlife Research Center, Tokyo, Japan, 187-216

Long, N. V., Vo, S. T., & Hoang P. K. (2013). Temporal change in coral cover and resilience of coral communities in Nuichua marine protected area. Science and Technology Journal of Agriculture & Rural Development, 218-223. (in Vietnamese)

Vo, S. T. (2011). Biodiversity dynamics of coral reefs in Nha Trang Bay and management measures. In: Proceeding of the 5th National Conference on Marine Science and Technology, Session of Biology and Marine Resources (in Vietnamese). Ha Noi: Publishing House of Natural Science and Technology, 29-39

Long, N. V, Ben, H. X., Hoang, P. K., & Tuyen, H. T. (2010). Biodiversity dynamics trend of coral reefs in Phuquoc Marine Protected Area. National conference of marine science and technology. Biological committee, 1-39 pp. (in Vietnamese)

Vietnam - Nha Trang BaySamara State University of Social Science and Education/Vietnam-Russian Tropical Scientific Research and Technological CenterKonstantin S. Tkachenko
YemenCoral Reef ResearchDr. Lyndon DeVantier, Emre Turak

Turak, E., Brodie, J., DeVantier, L. (2007) Reef-building corals and coral communities of the Yemen Red Sea. Fauna of Arabia 23: 1-40.

YemenReef CheckDr. Jan Freiwald, Dr. Mary Donovan

These data were contributed by Reef Check Foundation, its chapters worldwide, and the volunteers who did the data collection

Yemen - Socotra archipelago Coral Reef ResearchDr. Lyndon DeVantier, Emre Turak

DeVantier, L., De Ath, G., Klaus, R., Al-Moghrabi, S., Abdulaziz, M., Reinicke, G. B., & Cheung, C. (2004). Reef-building corals and coral communities of the Socotra Archipelago, a zoogeographic crossroads' in the Arabian Sea. Fauna of Arabia, 20, 117-168.
DeVantier, L.M., Hariri, K. (2005) Preliminary ecological assessment of the coral communities of the north-east Gulf of Aden, with reference to the 1998 bleaching event. In: Abuzinada, A. (Ed.) Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Extent and Impact of Coral Reef Bleaching in the Arabian Region. National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Publ.
DeVantier, L.M., Cheung, C.P.S., AbdulAziz, M.A, Klaus, R. (2005) Coral bleaching in the Socotra Archipelago, Yemen, May-June 1998. In: Abuzinada, A. (Ed.) Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Extent and Impact of Coral Reef Bleaching in the Arabian Region. National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Publ.